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Oct 2006 Latest finds page 3 Updated 8th Oct 2006

New finds page 4 created

Huge, James 1st Scottish Merk sometimes known as the half thistle dollar and value of 13 shillings and 4 pence

( 160 pence) 6.56g, 31.40mm

Post medieval plain strap end
c 850BC Bronze age axe head 44,44g 29.54mm L x 41.81mm w x 15.03mm t
14th/15th copper alloy chest handle - rare to find one complete

1204/5 AD King John hammered silver short cross Class 5 - 1.07g, 19.15mm

1640's Charles 1st hammered copper farthings

Early decorated lead cup thought to be used for blood letting and pharmaceutical use, 62.29mm dia

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1819 George III milled silver sixpence

 

 

Huge Roman bronze key 56.66mm L35.47 mm w 11.73mm t, 55.86g

1.78g, 20.39mm

1434- 1435 Henry VI hammered silver half groat (2 pence)

HENRIC DIN GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC HYB - leaf mascle type - Calais mint

 

Stunning 1574 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence
Bedfordshire button
21st Lancers badge
Blackburn button
Crown military button
Pre 1840 Navy button
Hudderfield button
1697 William III milled silver halfcrown (30 pence)

1327 Edward III hammered silver penny - Canterbury mint - Lombadic N'S - 1.26g, 17.69mm

ob EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVIAS CANTOR

1216 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny
Complete Georgian watch winder
Interesting lead strap end
1594-6 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence

1560-1 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)

Sixth issue Marlett mint mark - rarer large bust with pearls on bodice type

16th/17thC clothing fastener
1594-6 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat (2pence)
Early lead toy soldier - look like US civil war !
1866 Napolean III milled silver 1 Franc
1204/5 AD King John hammered silver short cross penny
'Given the size, weight and portrait, that would be an As of either Marcus Aurelius or his son Commodus - of recent, if not particularly historically accurate fame from the movie "Gladiator".Without at least a few letters of legend to try to hang the ID upon, I'd say it's somewhat more likely to be Aurelius. Their years:Marcus Aurelius - 161-180 A.D.Commodus - 177-192 A.D. (but to have this, more mature portrait, if this coin is Commodus, it must be from the later part of his reign.

The reverse lacks the crucial bits that would show what the figure standing on the reverse is holding or doing. Whatever this might be, it seems to be taking place over an altar, so reasonable guesses might be Salus feeding her pet snake or Pietas sprinkling incense'.


Mark

18thC decorated clog fastener
Medieval silver hawking bell fragment with maker MB - reported to museum as treasure
1647 Commonwealth hammered silver penny
17thC trade farthing - not ID'd yet
1719 George 1st dump farthing in great shape
17thC riveted hamdle
Post medieval belt mount
Post medieval belt mount
Georgian watch winder
Georgian buckle
Medieval bronze open topped thimble
Post medieval book clasp
1668 Alex Satterthwaite of Colchester hammered copper 1/2 penny
1640 Charles 1st hammered copper Rose farthing
Charles 1st hammered silver penny
Mid 18thC silver spoon with Lion hall mark and maker LT
1660 Charles II gold half guinea coin weight
German Thaler copper coin
18th/19th C silver cuff links
18th/19th C silver cuff links
16th/17thC clothing fastener
1461-4 Edward IV hammerd silver penny
1837 William IIII milled silver four pence
1696 William III milled silver shilling (12 pence)
Bronze Roman key 41.19g, 55.95mm L
18thC fob seal with head and anchor, probably belonged to a ships captain.
Roman bronze hanging pendant 24.8g, 56.63mm L x 26.25mm w (possibly Bronze Age)
Lead Lion - difficult to date
Navy button
1774 pattern 80th regiment of foot

1307 Edward II hammered silver groat

EDWARDVS DI GRA REX ANGLE

CIVIAS LONDON 2.17g, 22.72mm

Medieval clothing fastener
1620 pattern buckle
18thC toy cannon
1665 Charles II Spanish colonial 1/2 Real (Mexico city mint)

 

Georgian decorated silver thimble
1690's William and Mary trade weight with London hall mark sword and ewer

17thC Madonna and child silver brooch 6.60g,19.92mm reported to museum as treasure

Rare 1704 Queen Anne milled silver sixpence love token (S shaped)
c12thC Medieval enameled gold and red harness shield pendant. 45.53mm L 28.70mm w.
Very rare Queen Anne 1 guinea gold coin weight
Crispy 13thC Edward hammered silver penny
1199 King John hammered silver half penny
17thC hammered copper trade token
Medieval mount
Monogrammed button with crown
1640 Scottish Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
1640 Charles 1st hammered copper Rose farhting
Georgian silver watch winder
Gaming token
NYR Co button
18thC - 2 Dram apothocaries weight
Medieval lead trade weight
1696 William III milled silver shilling overstamped love token
1 shilling Oppington in Kent token
Roman style key but much later in date 18thC
1696 William III milled silver shilling
1846 Victorian milled silver 4 pence
1645 Charles 1st hammered silver 2 pence
1816 George III milled silver 6 pence
13thC bronze key fragment
Lead medieval mount
Possible medieval jester hanger
George II trade weight with London hall mark sword and ewer
Colchester Corporation button
Medieval bronze purse bar with decorated finials
WWII Royal Air force
Lead toy plane
Great find 150 million BC - Dino the Dinosaur plastic toy LOL
Large masonic lodge badge ?
George II trade weight with London hall mark sword and ewer
1816 George III milled silver 6 pence
16th/17thC clothing fastener
16th/17thC clothing fastener
Medieval lead seal matrix - not deciphered legend yet

c 1550-1585 Rose/orb anonymous issues

GVBENVE

Charles 1st Royal farthing - Harp Type 3 Maltravers 'rounds' 1634- 36
Roman gilded fruit spoon - note the latch for hanging it on the side of the bowl

1351-2 Edward III hammered silver groat - Cross 1 Type F

Obv EDWARD D G REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB

Rev POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM (outer)

CIVITAS LONDON (Mint) (inner)

Saxon C665 - 680AD Silver Sceat 0.82 -12.19mm

(EMC 2006.0336)

'After puzzling over the reverse inscription of your second coin (EMC 2006.0336) for some considerable time I realised this is actually a Pada type III sceat (North 31). The reverse inscription is not as clear as it
might be, but you can just see the runic letters of Pada, which are larger than the other letters. The 'pellets' in the angles of the cross are actually annulets, smoothed down by wear. This coin was issued during the transition from pale gold shillings to silver pennies or sceattas, c.665-680, and its very worn condition suggests that it was in circulation until well into the 8th century. Collectors may not like worn coins, but you could argue that the heavy
wear of this coin makes it more interesting as a piece of monetary history than an unworn coin that saw very little circulation.

Saxon C600 - 775 AD Silver Sceat, 0.94g - 11.09 mm

(EMC 2006.0335)

'The sceat is Series F, variety bi (Metcalf, p. 129) (EMC 2006.0335).

'The other coin (EMC 2006.0336) is an interesting find, but it is not Anglo-Saxon, although it might look like an Anglo-Saxon coin. It is actually a Merovingian denier from France. The reverse design of cross and pellets is quite common in the Merovingian series, and there are traces of a diademed bust on the obverse, also typical of Merovingian deniers. I hope that it will be possible to identify this coin further from the reverse inscription, and if so I shall let you know.' ID updated above

1564 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence
16th C Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny
c1490-1550 The 'ship penny' type jetton:anonymous issue
1640 Charles 1st hammerd silver penny
This is what has normally been referred to as a "Barbarous Radiate" - and I say "normally referred to" because I really don't like the term. Too many people lack the semantic subtlty to distinguish the difference between "Barbarous" (referring to style) and "Barbaric", thinking, perhaps, that Conan, Korgoth and their buddies are the source of this sort of material.
Personally, I am trying to replace the term "Barbarous" - with all its pejoritive Victorian assumptions and prejudices about artistic style - with terms like "Imitative" or "Contemporary Copy" that are not quite so value-loaded. Although we are not certain why, precisely, imitative coins appeared in great numbers in several eras, I think it's safe to assume that neither the people who made nor used these were barbarians by any rational definition.
There are many theories and little hard evidence to the precise "why" of these coins - some better, some worse imitations of common, circulating Roman issues, but the "where and when" are both fairly clear - at the borders of Empire and approximately contemporaneous with their prototypes. One of the most fertile places and times for their production was mid-late 3rd century Britain and northern Gaul - during the time of the Gallic Roman Empire founded when Postumus split away from Valerian and Gallienus' tottering central Roman administration.
This coins seems to have used a billon antoninianus of Tetricus I as its prototype. Since all we have for legend is "IMP........PF AVG" and a bearded portrait, it could also have been in imitation of several other folks - since all the Gallic emperors struck PAX AVG types. Indeed the Pax Avg type was the most common type among both the official and imitative coinages, and Tetricus' ants were the most commonly copied.
Typically smaller and somewhat cruder (some have blundered or totally illiterate legends although some are as good as or better than their prototypes), these may have been emergency issues to replace dwindling stocks of regal coin when it became unavailable, they may have been "plantation tokens" on lage latifundia - meant to be circulated only locally and/or to be redeemed in regal coin. Or they may have been out-and-out counterfiets, made to deceive - however this seems unlikely since they are typically so much smaller and cruder than their prototypes.

This piece is of fairly good size (these are found down to 8 or 10 mm diameter) and style, and might even be a crude official piece, but I strongly suspect it is a contemporary copy.

Mark
19thC Silver mount
1706 Queen Anne milled silver sixpence - rarer find
Livery button

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Medieval hammered silver halfpenny 0.36g, 12.22mm Weight of an Edward IV 1464- 70, not confirmed ID yet

rev CIVITAS LONDON

Sept 2006 Finds Page 1

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2007 More finds page 6

Feb 2007 Page 7

March 2007 finds page 8