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March 2009 finds page III

Pretty 18 carat gold ring - Continental hallmarks I have not seen before - no idea of date so reported to Colchester museum as potential treasure

.750 *18 AA CP

20.44mm,1.27g

Victorian jewellry item with glass stone
17thC Willliam III milled silver sixpence - love token (226)
1649 Commonwealth hammered silver penny
20thC Colchester Co operative society 1 pence token
19thC Russian lead bale seal
1550 -1650 buckle
1830's trade weight - London guildhall hallmark
1670's Charles II milled copper farthing
C14thC Medieval lead knights head mount
17thC Wiiliam III milled silver sixpence (227)

Unrecorded one piece military button

'1st L Essex'

17thC crotal bell with heart foundary mark
1667 Thomas Waterford of Marshfield Gloucestershire hammered copper trade farthing
19thC Colchester 'Bedwell' token - Hill Street

 

Yes, of course this is Faustina - that's pretty obvious. However there were 2 Faustinae, the wives of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius respectively. This is the 2nd, also known as "Faustina Junior". She and Marcus Aurelius were married in 145 AD. while he was still Caesar under Antoninus Pius and raised to the rank of Augusta in 147. So her coinage exists in several phases: those struck by Antoninus Pius before, then after becoming Augusta, those struck by Marcus Aurelius during her life, and those struck in her honor posthumously. she and Marcus evidently had a closer relationship than that enjoyed by most Imperial couples - Faustina accompanied or visited him throughout his military career in far-flung outposts while fighting the Germans. For this, she became known as "Matri Castrorum" - "Mother of the Camps". This piece was struck by Marcus Aurelius while she was still living, sometime between his elevation to Augustus in 161 and her death in 175. The reverse type, which is a bit hard to read in its present condition is "SALVS" - the allegorical personification of Salus ("health", but as in "the Health of the Empire" or "of the body-public", etc.) seated left feeding a serpent arising from a low altar at her feet. This is a pretty obscure reference for us at this remove in time, but it was full of important symbolism for the Romans. Whether at that point in time it was still occurring that the Vestals and/or other faithful Roman women fed actual serpents in ceremonies from which all men were banned, I don't know. Ceremonies of this type were important well into the Imperatorial era. However, the image of this ceremony remained a part of the Roman psyche and symbolized the "Purity" or "Virtue" of the Empire to the extent that it could interact with serpents and not be harmed.

Catalog - RIC III, 714 (of Marcus Aurelius), RSC 195, SR 5262.

Mark


 

Roman silver coin 'cooked' it to reveal the detail
Huge 17thC decorated cow bell fragment with WG foundary mark
1485 Henry VII hammered silver penny - York Archb Rotherham. Key below shield , no pillar to throne.
Facinating copper coin - obv shows rider on horse and the back is the same as the Obv of a William III sixpence - must be an 18thC Condor token of some sort
Neat lead face mount
19thC trade weight - London guildhall hallmark
Medieval knife pommel
18thC Dutch lead cloth seal
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

17thC token like the Obv of a Charles 1st coin with the shield and harp.

The legend reads SVFFOLK which means it is a Suffolk token

1477 Edward IV hammered silver half groat - Rose mintmark, C on breast

Obv EDWARD DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANCE

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR Canterbury mint

Generic merchant navy button
16thC Tudor seal spoon handle
17thC mount with single integral lug
George II trade weight - Crown G London mint
Georgian key hole cover
17thC mount with two integral lugs
Georgian mount - 4 rivet fixings
1697 William III milled silver sixpence (228)
1558-60 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Lis mintmark 1st issue
3- very rare 5th Dragoons guards buttons - Crimean war period - unrecorded in any ref book
First cuff button ever found - V DG - 5th Dragoons guards buttons - Crimean war period
Georgian buckle
19thC livery button
1579 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence - Greek cross mintmark
1550 -1650 buckle
Georgian cuff link
Small lead pot - possible gun powder measure

1327 -1335 Edward III hammered silver penny Class 15d Florin Pre treaty Bury St Edmonds

Obv EDWAR R ANGL DNS HYB

Rev VILLA/SCIE/DMV/NDI - Bury St Edmunds mint

1697 William III milled silver sixpence (229)
 
Livery button
 
Huge silver rim off a bowl

Roman bronze finial
1835 USA Liberty milled silver half dime (230)

 

 

Bronze age sword handle blank - 146mm L x 59.96 mm W x 3.51mm T

1204-5 King John hammered silver penny Class 5a

Obv HENRICVS REX

Rev GIFREI ON NOR - Gifrei of Norwich

1935 George V milled silver shilling (231)
1582 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - A mintmark 6th issue

1573-8 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat- Eglantine mintmark 4th issue

This coin has me totally stumped !!

First 1645 Charles 1st hammered silver three pence we have found - double struck coin which has obscured the mint mark. The coin has been rotated and double stuck and the combination of oval shield with this legend does not match. It is possible that it is a half groat and that the III behind bust is II. It could be a Tower half groat Group D, North 2254 but the crown is not that of a bust 4.

I suspect this is a very rare coin as I cannot match it in JJ North's ref book. The normal Tower legend is IUS THRONUM FIRMAT and most have the CHRISTO legend. Some coins had the IUSTITA written in full.

Is this an overstrike of a Ashby de la Zouche mint trying to cover the declaration coins in 1645/6 ? I will let the museum experts have a look when it is being recorded.

Rev IUSTITA THORNUM FIRMAT

17thC silver sixpence overstruck with RO and heart - love token (232)
Melted 19thC silver religious medallion
1604-19 James 1st hammered silver penny - no crown type 2nd issue
1939 George V milled silver sixpence (233)

1603 James 1st hammered silver six pence - 1st issue

Obv JACOBVS D G ANG SCO FRAN ET HIBER REX

 

Very interesting die type of a 10 to 40 AD Cunobelin 1/4 gold stater - note the blocked horse. Sent to Celtic Coin index for recording and more information on type 0.83g, 11.84mm

 

1649 Commonwealth hammered silver penny
Stunning find, 5th Dragoons guards buttons - Crimean war period - unrecorded in any ref book - that's our 6th find of this button including the 1st cuff example and now our first gilded example.
1690 William and Mary milled silver one pence (234)

Interesting medal with hollow centre and slot on edge and back ?

LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE (legend translates to Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood)

REPUBLIC FRANCAISE

5 FRANCE

16thC Elizabeth hammered silver penny
Tiny 1843 Victorian milled silver one and a half pence (235)

Interesting Roman widget - hollow tube with tang - needs more research
Great Western Railways button
WWI Royal Cyclist Corp
Victorian Gilded jewellry item with green stone
1844 Victorian gold half sovereign
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
16thC Tudor button
Royal artillery cap badge
Post medieval lead bales seal
Military button - not checked ref books yet
Neat glass bottle stopper
1840 Victorian milled silver 3 pence (236)
1485 Henry VII hammered silver penny - York Archb Rotherham. Key below shield , no pillar to throne.

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny

Obv EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1572-3 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
1816 George III milled silver shilling (237)
1842 Victorian milled silver 4 pence (238)
1855 Victorian milled silver 4 pence (239)
13thC Medieval hammered silver shortcross cut half penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny - Class 3a

Obv HENRICVS REX

Obv HE(N/RIO/NVL/VNDE -Moneyer Henri of London

1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing

Medieval gilded silver jester mount

17.11mm H x 9.12mm W, 1.80g

1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham hammered copper trade farthing

WWII French Navy button

Back mark , M &CE Paris

WWI Prussian Army button
RN Cap't / Commander - 1901
Fake - Line background never
existed. Possible on civilian
Jacket to avoid WWI
"White Feather" harassment.
Style In use 1901 - 1952
1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings
Victorian copper ally brooch
1550 -1650 buckle
16thC mount with 2 integral lugs
RN Capt / Commander - 1843
RN Lietenant - 1843
RN Master - 1843
RN Surgeon - 1843
RN Purser - 1843
RN Midshipman - 1843
Victorian tree bark shaped silver fragment
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
1572 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence fragment
18thC silver spoon handle
15thC lead token
Royal Gibraltar Regiment lapel badge
1723 George 1st Irish copper farthing
1421-1471 Fleur de lis gold half nobel coin weight
1582-4 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - A mintmark
Army lapel badge - Royal Artillery

George II trade weight - Crown G and London hallmark

53.03g,36.12mm

1922 George V milled silver sixpence (240)
RN Capt / Commander - 1787
RN Lieutenant - 1787
Medieval spur rowel
Really neat 18thC silver rabbit eteched onto a sixpence coin of the period
1897 Victroian milled silver sixpence (241)
1926 George V milled silver sixpence (242)
1655 Henry Lamb of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
16th mount with 2 integral lugs
Royal Horse Artillery
Generic Issue

Officer & O/R's - 1873-1901
WWII Royal airforce
Medieval annular buckle
16thC lead coin weight - Averdepois mark 1.48g,11.69mm dia
Huge 2ndC Roman bronze coin - possible Commodus
Medieval lead apothecary weight 2.38g,11.87 mm sq -
Agate stone ball
17thC key hole cover
19thC silver bodkin needle handle
17thC decorated belt slide
   
Really neat 18thC token of Dr Fady, 30 Dean Street, Soho - Street in London

1422-61 Henry VI hammered silver halfpenny first reign

12.3mm, 0.41g

1817 George III milled silver sixpence (243)
1600 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny, O mintmark
1817 George III full gold sovereign - 8.04g, 22.16mm
Curious 17thC item - no apparent mounting points - some kind of early love token ?
1598- 1600 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
1550 -1650 buckle
19thC livery button
17th mount with 2 integral lugs
17thC seal matrix - sailing ship

Stunning 16thC lead token

Obv Spread eagle

Obv Tudor Rose

Roman military suspension loop with 2 rivet fixing
What a neat relic - 1916 POW service military cap badge
50 BC 1/4 Celtic gold stater 14.32mm, 1.36g Similar to a Southern Commios tribe - Sent to the CCI for recording and ID

1341 Edward III hammered silver floin penny

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

 

1341 Edward III hammered silver floin penny

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

 

1938 George VI milled silver sixpence (244)
1817 George III milled silver shilling (245)
Continental silver coin - not checked ref books yet (246)
17th mount with 2 integral lugs
19thC Russian lead bale seal
16thC mount with single rivet fixing
16th C Tudor button
15thC lead token
17thC decorated belt slide
Medieval bronze pot leg
Medieval bronze pot foot
19thC Russian lead bale seal
Interesting decorated jewellry necklace part- Post Tudor in date
Post medieval lead bale seal
17thC William III milled silver sixpence (247)
17thC copper alloy clasp with 2 rivet fixings
WWII USA army buttons
1771   German  1  SCHILLING   COURANT milled silver coin (248)

Stunning Circa 13thC 'bust of christ' medieval seal matrix - working on inscription

MARTT NUE :PEVOSM

1855 Victorian milled silver 3 pence (249)
1926 George V milled silver shilling (250)
 
Unusual coin weight - not recorded
17thC printing block - Y
 
1815 Russian lead bale seal
Very unsual flowers and petals designed mount - Georgian
Interesting post medieval lead cloth seal with flying pipe design

'E.Edwards Charity button'

1721-1942

By will proved 1871 Edward Edwards left stock for gifts of bread, coal, or clothing, to Church of England widows of Coalbrookdale parish. In 1975 the income of his charity, which included a bequest of Elizabeth Edwards, was £10.

From: 'Madeley: Charities for the poor', A History of the County of Shropshire: Volume 11: Telford (1985), pp. 76-77. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=18075 Date accessed: 12 April 2009.

C10thC Saxon lead trade weight
Post medieval lead mould
Post medieval lead bale seal
Medieval long cross hammered silver coin fragment

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1946 George VI milled silver sixpence (251)
1817 George III milled silver sixpence (252)
Georgian fob seal
PWG Navy button
19thC livery button
20thC button
RN Purser - 1807
Unknown navy button - sent for ID
Unrecorded 106th Ipswich volunteers button
RN Petty Officer - 1901
In use 1911 - 1952
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
RN Master - 1807-1825
1879 Victorian milled silver coin 253)
16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence
1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing
1817 George III milled silver shilling (254)
1855 Victorian milled silver sixpence (255)

16thC Elizabeth 1st lead token 2.75g, 17.85mm - Portcullis with E at centre

Obv ***** ERIXE.DEI

Rev XXIIII

19th/20thC gold ring with diamond
Medieval lead papel badge

 

19thC Percussion revolver wedge with serial numbers

Tiny 1422-61 Henry VI hammered silver half penny - Henry VI neck 0.30g, 11.59mm

Antonio Venier (1382-1400)
AD hammered Soldino silver Venitian coin

0.32g, 15.29mm

1430 - 1434 Henry VI hammered silver penny - Pinecone Mascle issue, mascle before LON

Obv HENRICVS REEX ANGKIE

Rev CIVIT/TAS/LON/DON

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

0.95g,17.69mm

C12thC hammered silver shortcross cut half penny

1199 King John hammered silver short cross penny - Class 5b

NICHOLE( LE(N - Moneyer Nicole of Kings Lynn

1857 Victorian milled silver 3 pence (256)

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

13thC English jetton

Obv - Edward bust

Rev - Long cross and pellets

16thC Tudor hooked clothing fastener
19thC hunting button
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs

Very interesting Roman tool (possible writing stylis) with iron tang in the end for a blade - socketed end for a handle ?- shows traces of gilding - one for the museum 45.08mm L x 8.43mm dia

Possible Roman twisterd wire gilded bracelet - one for the museum
16thC sword hanger fitting - 2 rivet fixings
1853 Victorian milled silver sixpence (257)

Stunning 16thC Tudor gilded silver pin

Pin dia 10.88mm, 4.68g

1696 William III milled silver sixpence (258)

1361-9 Edward III hammered silver farthing Treaty period - New crown intermediate jewels -

Obv + EDWARDVS REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

10.13mm, 0.22g

1649 Commonwealth hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1930 German reich - 1 Fennig coin
Rider and jocky button
1550 to 1650 buckle
18thC toy cannon

17thC Groome, John of Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing

Legend reads John Groome Stoke Nailon

17thC William III trade weight

1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny

York Archb Rotherham Keys below shield - single pillar

Lots of 1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings turning up
19thC silver thimble

Stunning medieval decorated book clasp parts - includes one rivet in situ

Great western railways button
VR Miltary button
Victorian silver jewelry fragment

Amazing find - medieval lead ring complete, we have only ever found the tops of these before and this is the first whole version

Similar to a Class II 15thC lead token

17th & 18thC thimbles
17thC hammered copper trade farthing

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

17thC hooked hanger

1369 -77 Edward III hammered silver farthing - Post treaty period with Crown type 9 - Type 10a - rare no neck or drapery type

Obv EDWARDVS:REX:ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

0.30g, 10.29mm

Very unusual Roman loop protected terret type item - the base is serrated to prevent slippage and the bronze half ring is set onto an iron plate - one for the museum
RN Capt / Commander - 1843
RN Lietenant - 1843
RN Master - 1843
RN Surgeon - 1843
RN Purser - 1843
RN Midshipman - 1843
RN Warrant Officer - 1843
After this issue a Warrant 
Officer will use the same  
design as a captains button
In use 1843 - 1891
UNITED KINGDOM
MN - G & J Burns Ltd.
In use 1842 - 1922
17thc William III milled silver sixpence (259)
23rd Regiment of foot button
15thC lead token - cross and pellets
Georgian watch winder
1817 George III milled silver sixpence (260)

 

Victorian silver brooch - marked 925 - Stering silver
17thC mount
Stunning 17thC Charles 1st trade weight - Crown C with London hallmarks

1465 Edward IV hammered silver half penny - Light coinage type - York mint July 1465 to Sept 1471- no trefoils by neck

Obv - EDWARD DI GRA REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

11.77mm, 0.36g

 

1526- 32 Henry VIII milled silver half groat - Cross patonce initial mark

WA by shield Archbishop William Warham - Ref JJ North 1802

Obv HENRIC VII DI GRA REX AGL Z FRA

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1.26g,19.39mm

19thC solid gold cufflink
16th/17thC seal matrix - DW

 

This is a very rare find - Miniature lead Ampulla which measures under an inch in length - 5.20g, 24.08mm L x 13.33mm W

Generally pilgrim ampulla date from the AD 1250 to 1400's but his type is not in Mitchener's Ref book. I have a feeling this is very early medieval perhaps even Edward the Confessor period - one for the museum

Pilgrim ampullae - holly water bottle made of lead 12th to 15thC,

These ampoule were brought from pilgrimage places as a souvenir

Mitchiner suggests that many ampullae were used in the annual springtime ’Blessing the Fields’ ceremony, in which the Holy Water they contained was sprinkled on the ground to give prayer for a good harvest. Having served this purpose, Mitchiner suggests that the ampullae were discarded. Others have suggested that the ampullae were buried along with their contents for a similar purpose.

 

 

17thC silver cane band - reported as treasure to Colchester museum
Georgian button
17thC buckle with integral chape
Interesting early medieval mount - design is like a Saxon key - one for the museum
1640's lead gun powder measure
1825 Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal - Fluer de Lis
Huge 1898 lead bale seal
Medieval harness hanging pendant - traces of yellow enamel remain
Georgian tobacco jar lid handle

Post medieval lead alange cloth seal
17th and 16th C thimbles
17thC lead token
17thC Spur rowell fragment
17th mount

17thC mount

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing
17thC milled silver 6 pence (261)

Rowels probably originated in France or Spain in the 10th Century A.D., they are first recorded in Britain in Henry III's reign - two seals from 1240 depict the king - on one he wears prick spurs, and on the other rowelled.

In the following centuries spurs became associated with rank and chivalry. We speak of "earning one's spurs" - a disgraced knight would have his spurs and sword broken as part of his punishment. A knight would wear gold or gilt spurs and an esquire silver .
Through the fifteenth Century rowels became smaller and spur necks became longer. This was so that the spur could reach around the flanchards ( horse armour or barding ) The mediaeval horseman who rode with legs extended forwards also needed spurs with longer necks which could still reach their horse's sides. Over the following centuries, rowels changed shape and size, some developed "jingle-bobs". In seventeenth Century Germany spurs developed multiple necks and rowels, but these were probably for ceremonial or dress use only.

1697 William III milled silver sixpence (262)

1461-83 Edward IV hammered silver penny - Rose at centre of reverse cross

Durham mint

Medieval chaffing dish handle
18thC belt guide
19thC Enfield bullet - hollow base
Small lead ring
17thC decorated sissor handler
 

1st/2nd C Roman lead token

Obv animal facing right

Rev Standing woman

19thC hunting button
 
17thC mount withy 2 integral lugs
Post medieval lead cloth seal
17thC gilded and decorated button
17thC clothing fastener
Unrecorded 33rd regiment of foot button
16thC clothing fastener
 

Unknown Hon. Artillery Com.

*ch Dien

Interesting military button ?
O**** Regiment - Harp design
 
3rdC Roman bronze sent for ID 4.30g, 24.65
 
61st Regiment of Foot
( South Gloucestershire )
O/R's - 1855-1881
1704 Queen Anne trade weight - Crown A London hallmarks  
 
19thC Titled family livery button
Capt / Commander - 1774-1787
RN Master & Mate - 1787-1807
 

18thC 38th Regiment of Foot - not in ref books - derivation of the buttons on the right we have found that are 19thC examples

( 1st Staffordshire )

38th Regiment of Foot
( 1st Staffordshire )
O/R's - 1855-1881

 

Romano/British twisted wire fastener

Tiny 1547 -51 Henry VIII Posthumous coinage - hammered silver half penny - Canterbury mint

0.33g, 11.81mm

Unknown Antwerp hand 16th/17thC coin weight - Maker CS not recorded

 

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny

Ob EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

17.92mm, 1.17g