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2013 Oct finds page

Addedomaros 45BC Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to CCI for recording

13.22mm, 1.33g

It's always good to see another one of these, the obverses of this particular type of Addedo quarter are a nightmare to die link because they're so similar so the more examples there are the better; I've recorded it as 13.0558.

Best Wishes

John

1363 -69 Edward III hammered gold 1/4 noble - Treaty series

Curule shaped X - Lis in centre of reverse

Obv EDWARDxDEIxGRAxREXxANGL

18.58mm,1.84g

1356 - 61 Edward III hammered silver penny - Cross 3 pre Treaty G

Obv +EDW***ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1356 - 61 Edward III hammered silver penny - pre Treaty C to G

Obv DWA*****

Rev CIVI/TAS/DVNE/LMIE - Durham mint

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

1272 Edward Ist hammered silver penny

Obv ***ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR- Canterbury mint

Magnentius & Decentius - a fairly short-lived (350-353 AD) Augustus/Caesar pair

5 Roman bronze coins just found in small area from a previous disclaimed hoard. The write up below is from Mark Lehman on the previous hoard.

 

Unless I am mistaken, all 7 of these belong to the brother team of Magnentius & Decentius - a fairly short-lived (350-353 AD) Augustus/Caesar pair of the sort promoted to Augustus, ad-hoc, by their legions. This was a very common story during the chaos-years of the later 3rd century, but happened far less often in the 4th.  Magnentius had been a top general of Constans' - his army proclaimed him Augustus and since Constans did him the favor of being captured and executed conveniently quickly - within a few months - Magnentius was duly recognized as Augustus in most of the Western provinces in 350.  The next year he elevated his little brother Decentius to be his colleague Caesar.
 
Constantius II was not pleased by the Western upstarts and within 2 years had defeated them in a couple of significant battles.  Realizing the jig was up, they both committed suicide in 353.
 
Although these reverse types are known for other rulers (for whom they are pretty rare), they are especially associated with Magnentius & Decentius, both of whom were always portrayed "bare headed" - no laurels or diadems, etc. - and both of whom sported distinctive "mullett" hairdos like you see on the clearest specimens here.  Since I believe the obverse legend on that nice one of Bruce's ends in "AVG", I'd say it's most likely Magnentius.  Any on which the obverse legend ends (around 5:00) in CAES, CAESAR,  NOB C, or NC can safely be assumed to be Decentius.
The type with the 2 Victories resting shield inscribed: VOT / V / MVLT / X on a cippus (or just holding it between them) woul have a legend like: VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES - and was common for both of them.  The large Chi-Rho Christogram reverse was used on both the centenionalis and short-lived double-centenionalis denominations - it's not really scarce, but is sought-after making it a bit more expensive for those wanting to buy one.  This is a common factor in ancient coins, those with some sort of "religious" reference are always found desirable by folks who have no other interest in ancient coins, thereby driving up the prices (like the so-called "Tribute Penny" denarius of Tiberius - of which your diggers have found several - which is the most common silver coin of the early 1st century, but sells for 3-4 times as much as any other).
 
This pair struck only in the Western mints: Amiens, Trier, Lyon, Arles, Aquilea, Rome and Siscia

 

Medieval book clasp
1666 Thomas Peeke of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1666 Colchester hammered copper trade farthing 15thC lead token 19thC livery button
17thC Ppewter trade token Georgian cuff link

19thC

The 9th Regiment of Foot was an infantry line regiment of the British Army from 1751 to 1881. It became the Norfolk Regiment following the Army reforms of 1881.

Soldino of Antonio Venier (ANTO.VEN-ERIO.DVX.)


Type 2 c. 1466-74 – diameter circa 14mm
Doges – Tron, Marcello.

Obverse description: Doge kneeling left holding banner. Often mint control marks to right (a star/letters).
Obverse inscription: [Name of Doge] D.V.X.
Reverse description: Winged and nimbate lion of St Mark facing within a quadrilobe, holding book of gospels.


C10th C Saxon harness strap distributer

1785 Continental copper coin ?? Post medieval lead cloth seal
19thC livery button 7th (The Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards

1272 Edward Ist hammered silver penny - Class 10

Obv +EDWRR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

4- 1623 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings

 

WWII Air raid police button 16thC Tudor clothing fastener Medieval book clasp

 

C10thC Saxon harness cheek piece 1215 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny

Unlisted button - Crimea war's period

THE 5TH. (PRINCESS OF WALES'S) DRAGOON GUARDS

19thC livery button
Victorian silver rimmed shell brooch Georgian casket key
Post medieval lead bale seal

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Interesting decorated Roman widget - reminds me of a protected loop terret- one for the museum guys

Probably one of the smallest hammered silver coins you can find, 1/3rd the weight of a Medieval silver farthing

1625-42 Charles 1st hammered silver half penny - Rose each side - no legend type

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 11b - pointed E &C

Obv +EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1422- 61 Henry VI hasmmered silver half penny - Leaf -Pellet issue - pellets to each side of crown

Obv + hENRIC REX ANGLI

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Egg wasted S, Class 3f to 8a

Obv +E ******S HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ - Type

16thC Elizabethan illegal tavern lead token 2 skillings of Frederik III of Denmark, dating 1655
Edwardian copper clasp

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

1280-82 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny - thick wasted S -

Type 2

Obv +EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

15.47mm,0.58g

2- 1623 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings Georgian fob seal matrix holder
Unknown military button
RN Capt / Commander - 1787
RN Lieutenant - 1787
1272 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny

Obv hENRICVS REX

Rev ONL/VND - London mint

1696 William III milled silver sixpence
1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver farthing 15thC open topped thimble

2ndC Contemporary Roman silver coin forgery - copper inner with thin sheets of silver covering - sent for ID

Since there's no legend at all and only part of the bust remains, we must go by "pattern recognition" here, but to my eye it appears to have been a Felicitas (I say this based on interpreting the object the personification on the reverse is holding as a caduceus) denarius of Hadrian (117-138) that was being copied here.  The workmanship is really quite good on the obverse so you can see how a whole example of this could be passed easily in any situation where coins were not being weighed or minutely examined on an individual basis.  A couple of these could be slipped into a bag of coins in some situation where coin was regularly handled in bulk and over time it could be a highly profitable, relatively low-risk operation.

Mark

Cast copper alloy trapezoidal shoe or knee buckle with concave sides

1660-1720

Medieval buckle 1842 Victoria milled silver sixpence

Georgian pipe tamper

Pipe tamper page

Royal Engineers

George Rex

55th Regiment of Foot

1800-1820

17thC thimble Georgian spur buckle fitting

Cannot find this 17thC hammered coppper trade farthing in the ref books - London token

Portcullis on Rev

Obv *IN TOWER DITCH

Rev PHILL** IACOB - PIA

Stunning strike of a 1430 -1431 Henry VI hammered silver half goat with a very crisp legend- Perfect Rosette Mascle issue as seen clearly in the legends

IM Cross IIIb, mascule and rosettes stops - 9 arches to tressure, fleurs on cusps, none over crown

Obv + hENRIC' DI*GRA REX ANGL *Z F

Rev VIL/LA/CALI/SIE - Calais mint - mascule before LA - rosette after SIC

POSVI*/DEVMx/DIVTOR/ExMEVM

 

 

Stunning lead early medieval heraldic seal matrix - never seen a lead example - impression is still very crisp so if it is on the existing 'Dering Rolls' we should be able to ID the owner

 

Very unusual back on this large 2ndC Sestersius sized Roman coin - sent for ID

Despite the size, this is not a sestertius - it's a 1st century As of Vespasian.(c. 71 - the earlier Asses were far more substantial than the Asses of the 2nd century which is what you are more commonly find) The reverse (your photo was upside-down, you can usually correctly orient a large Æ by looking for the "S-C") is an altar - in this case, the Ara Providentiae Augusti - which is believed to have been in the "Campus Martius" (Field of Mars) area - the large, flat and open piece of flood plain land surrounded by a loop of the Tiber, to the north of the ancient city (and downtown in present day Rome).  This large open area in ancient times was used for drilling the army, political demonstrations, and other large public assemblies, like voting during the Republic or the elaborate funerals of the Imperial era.  This altar was dedicated to the "providence" of Augustus, although what exactly was being remembered and celebrated here that Augustus had provided-for was either abstract or is unclear to us today.

This reverse type was first used on a postumous commemorative As for the deified Augustus by Tiberius

http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album87/06_Augustus_by_Tiberius

It was a type which would see a lot of re-use.  This As by Vespasian (yours, that is), similar Asses by Vitellius, Titus and Domitian in their own names with their portraits, and restoration types copying the original DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER/PROVIDENT As (photo above) produced by both Titus and Domitian, then later by Nerva.

This is an example of a similar type of As struck for himself (not a "restoration" type) by Domitian.
This is not the Providence Altar, however, but another similar altar dedicated to the deified Augustus. 

Domitian, 81-96 AD. Æ As 28mm, 12.38gm, axis: 6:00
Mint of Rome, 85 A.D.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XII.
Laureate head right.
Rx: SALVTI AVGVSTI S - C.
Façade of the altar enclosure of the Ara Saluti Augusti.
RIC II 272, Cf. SR 2808.

 Nero also struck a very similar altar type for the Ara Pacis - the Altar of Peace.

http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album434/06_Nero_As

Altar types would become the main standard reverse type for the posthumous issues of the 3rd century - one of the most common coins of the time (270's) which was also extensively locally copied as a so-called "barbarous radiate", is a posthumous issue of Antoninianus for Claudius Gothicus with an altar reverse.

http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album106/ML_13_Claud_II_Consecratio_Altar1

 

Do I recall correctly you sending me an image of one of these later CONSECRATIO posthumous altar issues of Gothicus for identification within the last year or so?

Mark

1665 Matthew Bonney, bakers of Colchster Essex hammered copper 'His Half Penny' token Medieval buckle with plate

Cast copper alloy buckle frame 1500 -1700

 
Britain's Merchant Navy
Generic Design Issue
In use 1900 's onwards
 

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver half penny - Type 1 (d)

Obv + RICARDxREX xANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1603 James 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
17thC Dutch type thimble with crest and name
1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing

2ndC Sestersius sized Roman coin - sent for ID

Thanks for the metrics and additional photos.  It seems I was looking at too early a time-frame.  You so seldom seem to find coins of the Severan era that I don't immediately think of it.  I can't be 100% certain, but I'm pretty sure that you have here an As of Severus Alexander, 222-235.  At less than 10gm, it's highly unlikely to be a Sestertius, even in its chipped condition.  There is an As of Sev. Alexander with Libertas standing, holding a pileus in right hand - the extended right arm could indicate this - and a transverse scepter.  The legend on the reverse is a continuation of his laundry-list of titles and would contain "COS" for consul in the correct place for the clear "O" we can see on the reverse.
This same type was issued in several consecutive years, and without being able to clearly read the TR P year or the number of the consulship on the reverse, we can't date it precisely, but it should date from about 330, give or take a couple of years.  This same type was also issued as a Sestertius, but as I said, I believe this piece is too small and too light to be a Sestertius.

Mark

1344 Edward III hammered silver half penny - Florin issue

Obv +EDWAR R ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1272 1st hammered silver half penny

Obv +EDWA***L DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver farthing- Type 1 (c)

Obv + RICARD:REX :ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1575 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

 

1733 Dutch Holandia milled silver 2 skillings 1834 William IV milled silver groat
1696 William III milled silver sixpence

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny

Obv HENRICVS REX

Rev GIL/BER/TON/CAN - Moneyer Gilbert of Canterbury mint

1454-1460 Henry VI hammered silver penny - Cross -pellet (York)

Cross in quatrefoil at centre of reverse cross

Satire each side of neck

1344 Edward III hammered silver penny - Florin issue

Obv +EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

Spanish silver cob ? researching it

"SPAIN. 1/2 Real, 1610-C. Segovia Mint. PCGS AU-50 Secure Holder. Philipp III

Taco''s Edward hammered silver penny - needs fixing to ID properly
16thC Tudor clothing fastener

Military badge

Rifle regiment

Georgian watch winders
   

Post-medieval copper-alloy buckle frame

C AD 1650-1720

   

Remarkable Roman fibular brooch that looks like it has never been in the ground ? Grave goods ?

2ndC Knee brooch - Semicircular headed types

Ref Hattatt 469

Rare as hens teeth find - 1663 Charles II milled silver shilling
1834 William IV milled silver shilling 1838 Victoria milled silver four pence
Sizing of shilling (12 pence) to 3 pence 1873 Victoria milled silver three pence
1696 William III milled silver sixpence - York mint

Very rare Exeter 1643 - 6 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)

CR by Oval shield

1929 George V milled silver sixpence

1242-1247 Henry III hammered silver short cross penny - Class 8b3

Letter X in REX is now in the form of cross pommee

Rev hENRICVS REX

Rev NIC(hOLE ON - Moneyer Nichole of Canterbury mint

1195 Scottish William 1 The Lion hammered silver half penny

Short cross and stars issue Class I

Moneyer RAUL ON ROCEBU (Raul of Roxburgh)

1820 George III milled silver shilling
1247 Henry III hammered silver voided longcross farthing

1668 G(iles) Taypsill of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

See Norweb 1228a

1361-9 Edward III hammered silver half penny - Type 17d Treaty series - annulet stops before and after REX - New crown with jewels between fleurs - Treaty 'X' - unbarred A's

Obv + EDWARDVS:REX o AN

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver farthing- Type 1 (e)

Obv + RICARDxREX xANGL '

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

Medieval strap end - two rivet fixing

1344 Edward III hammered silver penny - Florin issue

Obv +EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton
15thC French - Four fleurs de lis in a lozenge jetton

13thC French jetton

Obv 3 fleurs de lis

DETOUR+DETOUR

Rev Double stranded arcuate cross feuilly with pellet at centre

PAI - DIEV -NOV NOIN

Roman serrated back buckle tongue Essex county button 17thC crotal bell with great foundry marks

Georgian watch winders Medieval strap mount

1871 Silver ring - Maker RF Exeter hall mark

RF into a rectangle
Richard Ferris

19thc livery button 17thC clothing fastener

17thC silver seal matrix - reported to museum as treasure

Crown over Tudor rose

24.13mm H, 5.58g

1580-1 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Latin cross mint mark

1627 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Negro's head mint mark

Group B 2nd bust - Tower mint under Charles 1st

1413 22 Henry V hammered silver half penny - broken annulets by hair - Type 5

Obv ** REX ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

Leyton District council button 19thC livery button

Simply stunning condition Roman coin - one of the best I have ever seen dug - sent for ID

This is a billon centenionalis of Constantine II as Caesar (he was only briefly Augustus from 337-340 - the shortest-lived of Constantine's 3 successor-sons).  From the mint at Aquilea, it dates to 320-321.  The reverse type is CAESARVM NOSTRORVM - "Our Caesars" - who, in addition to Constantine II, were Crispus and Licinius II - these last two would not finish out the decade. In fact, neither had more than 5 years left on Earth before meeting his separate and unfortunate end.  Both, coincidentally, killed on orders of Constantine I. Read about them sometime - particularly Crispus - no current "Adult Soap Opera" has anything to compare with the rise and demise of Crispus as well as his scheming step-mother Fausta.  Licinius Jr, on the other hand, was a politically incovenient loose-end to be "tied-up" in the normal Roman Imperial manner.
In the center of the wreath is VOT / V - This means that Constantine II was celebrating his first half-decennalia - this had to do with vows made to perform sacrifices and ceremonies as head of the offical state religion - interestingly, this pagan custom persisted long into the Christian era.  What this VOT V translates to would be something along the lines of: "Having performed the vows of five (years), Caesar undertakes the vows for the sacrifices and ceremonies of his 10th year (of rule)." This was done to a certain extent out of the superstitious belief that these promises of ceremonies would help ensure that the said 10th year would be reached and those ceremonies and sacrifices could then be celebrated.

The reference for this is RIC vol VII, (pg. 402), 74.  RIC considers all the Votas of this series from Aquilea "rare", and this one is rated R5 - or very rare.  Of course this frequency rating was based on a survey of pieces in public and important private collections in the mid 1960's.  Very many fewer of them had been dug up at that time, and there was not much interest in the Æ of this era among the entrenched heads of numismatic society - elderly Victorian gentlemen who considered these pieces beneath their notice and not worthy of their time.  This tended to make the collections of the time a bit light on this sort of material - a few representative pieces was all that was deemed necessary.  However, an R5 rating from a Western mint like Aquilea probably translates into a legitimate scarcity today. It's not one of the specific items of the type you are most likely to encounter. They were produced in great quantity and variety from 15 or 20 mints during this era so the general type is not rare at all, but this specific combination of obverse, reverse, mint, etc, is scarce, comparitively speaking.

Nice coin.

Mark

13.53mm,1.24g

Interesting 1stC Celtic bronze unit - appears to be a double sided horse which is not one I recognise - sent to CCI for ID and recording

The bronze coin you sent a couple of days ago is an Essex Stag type, ABC 2312, with a backward-looking animal on the obverse (celticbronze2), possibly a stag but could be a horse, and a right-facing horse on the reverse.  I've recorded it as 13.0617

John Sills

Roman military mount
Georgian bell trade weight - Crown G mark

1327 Edward III hammered silver penny - quatrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross

Obv EDWARDVS ***

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

11,000 BC flint scraper

47.47mm L, 47.63g

1817 George III milled silver sixpence 16thC Tudor button 16thC Tudor button
RN Petty Officer - 1891

Cast copper alloy double-looped sub-annular shoe or knee buckle with bevelled internal edge

Circa 1650-1720

2ndC Roman fibular brooch

Early Post-Medieval copper alloy openwork lozengiform mount,

A copper-alloy cast mount. The mount is quatrefoil in shape with a cusp in each angle. The reverse has two attachment lugs

AD 1600 -1700

Medieval mount 1780 Russian lead bale seal

Edwardian silver propelling pencil

1344 Edward III hammered silver penny - Florin issue

Obv EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

1565 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - rose mint mark

(1501-1521).
Venetian Soldino hammered silver coin

Soldino of Leonardo Loredan (LE.LAVS.DVX.SMV)

Rev: Haloed figure of Christ holding a cross.

Obv: LE LAV DVX S M V (Leonardo Lauredan, Doge. St Mark of Venice.) Doge kneeling before Saint Mark.

1475 AD 'Sun in shield' Bronze uniface coin weight for the 'ecu au soleil' French gold coin

French manufacture, probably made in Paris

17thC Robert Walford of Hedingham Castle Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Ref Norweb 1300a

Capt / Commander - 1774-1787
1500-1700 mount

Taco'd medieval hammered silver penny -

Rev CIVI/TAS//CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

 

Huge 11,000 BC flint hand axe - 100 mm L x 70.49 mm W

Middle Stone Age(Mesolithic)

 

Addedomaros 45BC Celtic gold stater - sent to CCI for recording

18.32mm, 5.48g

I've recorded it as 13.0617 and the nice new Addedomaros is 13.0618, good to see a bit of the legend on the reverse.

All the best

John

 

1667 John Sewell, grocer of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Ref Norweb 1300a

19th Royal navy silver collar stud

Maker - Thomas Townsend

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny -Class 2a

Obv hENRICVS REX TERCI

Rev NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - Monyer Nicole of London mint

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver farthing- Type 2c (i) Wide face, tall central fleur

Obv + RICARDxREX xANGL '

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

 

1634 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing 1900 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1344 Edward hammered silver penny - Cross 1 - Florin issue

Obv EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Comma stops after HYB - Class 10cf4

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

1817 George III milled silver shilling 1817 George III milled silver sixpence

1280 1286 Alexander III Scottish hammered silver penny - 2nd Coinage

Stars have 6 points Ref SA3HD-005

Obv ALEXANDER DEI GRA

Rev SCO/TOR/VM+/REX

 

1310 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny penny

Obv EDWARDVS ****

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

Venetian Soldino issued by Doge Michele Steno (1400-1413).
Obv: MICHAEL STEN' DVX (Michele Steno, Doge). Doge standing left, holding standard.
Rev: S MARCVS VENETI (Saint Mark of Venice). Winged and nimbate lion of Saint Mark facing.

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver farthing

Obv EDWAR ****

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver halfpenny - 'brush' hair - long cross fourchee - 2nd coinage - Type 1 B(f)

Obv + hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA'

Rev CIVI/TAS/**

0.33g,11.07mm

55th Regiment of Foot

1800-1820

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny

Obv hENRICVS REX

Rev NIC/OLE/ONL/VND - Monyer Nicole of London mint

Georgian silver cuff link Georgian watch winder
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing

15thC French Chatel Tournois Jetton

Obv Traditional Chatel Tournois (Castle of Tours)

SIB IIOIIIEIII BOIII II I

Ref Mitchener 741

1854 Victoria milled silver four pence 16thC Tudor button

English card game authority, "the Father of whist"

 

18thC Hoyle token - man playing cards

Edmond Hoyle (1672 – August 29, 1769was a writer best known for his works on the rules and play of card games. The phrase "according to Hoyle" came into the language as a reflection of his generally-perceived authority on the subject;since that time, use of the phrase has expanded into general use in situations in which a speaker wishes to indicate an appeal to a putative authority.

Medieval book clasp 1808 George III milled copper coin with interesting over strike

Roman bronze coin sent for ID

Believe it or not I can tell you quite a lot about the coin from which this chunk is all that remains.  It is a FEL TEMP REPARATIO reduced majorina by Constantius II - these were struck mainly between 350-361.  Although they were also struck for Constantius Gallus Ceasar and Julian as Caesar, at the time the convention was that only Augusti were portrayed with diadems while Caesars were shown bare-headed.  Since there are traces of the diadem visible, it must be Constantius II, the longest-lived of Constantine's sons and the one who served the longest as Augustus (337-361).
The reverse type, as I mentioned, is a "Fallen horseman Fel Temp" - the more common scene accompanying this legend - a wonderful piece of transparent propaganda showing a Roman foot-soldier skewering a "barbarian" or Persian cavalryman whom he has just un-horsed.  Far from the message this scene was supposed to be conveying, Rome's legions were increasingly being overrun and slaughtered by the cavalries of various peoples from beyond Rome's increasingly porous borders.  The legend, which translates roughly to "Happy Days are Here Again!", might seem an incongruous and poorly matched slogan to accompany this casually presented scene of battlefield butchery, but it was meant to reassure the average Roman that the military had the situation well in-hand and they didn't have to personally worry about those barbarian cavalry coming and riding through their local forum at noon. ("Mission Accomplished!", etc.)
There is even enough of the exergual mintmark remaining that I can tell you where it was struck: Lugdunum - modern-day Lyon.  Chance are that this is one of the earlier issues due to the careful engraving work on the reverse, so I'd tentatively date it to 350-355 - it is very unlikely to be any later than 360.

Mark

1217/8 Henry III hammered silver short cross cut halfpenny - Class 7a - barred A

Obv HENRICVS REX

Rev + ABE *** - Moneyer Abel of London mint

14thC discoidal button 17thC decorated sword hanger fitting Medieval D buckle
Crude14thC Angel lead coin weight 1553 Mary hammered silver groat

1346-1361 Edward III gold half noble 2.52g (full weight 4.12g), 25.10mm

Pretty 18 carat emerald gold ring - no hall marks and each stone is a different shaped cut

It could be a lot older than it looks so reported to museum as potential treasure

2.46g, 19.71mm

Another 18 carat gold ring with rubies - no hall marks

It could be a lot older than it looks so reported to museum as potential treasure

3.76g, 4.16mm

Medieval hammered silver long cross penny C10thC Saxon mount

1272 Edward hammered silver penny

Obv **AR AN ***

Rev /EME/ - Durham mint

1344 Edward hammered silver penny - Florin issue

Obv EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

Georgian crucifix George III spade gold guinea gaming token

 

1327 Edward III hammered silver farthing - Type 1

Obv +EDWARDVS REX A*

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Medieval harness hanger
Unlisted in Norbweb ref books, 17th I Warwell, drapers of Boxted Essex hammered copper trade farthing 16thC thimble

A complete cast copper alloy buckle of post-medieval date. The buckle is a double loop asymmetrical shape

Circa 1575- 1700

Unknown East Bank issued 17thC hammered coppe rtrade farthing

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

A complete cast copper alloy buckle of post-medieval date. The buckle is a double loop asymmetrical shape

Circa 1575- 1700

Scottish regiment badge

 

 

20thC Continental 9carat gold and platinum diamond ring - Marked PLAT 9 CT

18.82mm dia, 1.73g

2ndC Roman silver coin sent for ID - cooking to remove crust (Ed)

We will need to see what appears on the obverse - particularly in the legend - before I can be completely certain who this is beyond "an Antonine woman".  It's highly unlikely to be Faustina Sr. since the main body of her coinage is posthumous and the reverse type - PVDICITIA - would be a quality or virtue only of a living woman.  I suspect Faustina Jr. for the following reasons:

The shape of the head and the hair style seem to strongly suggest the Antonine era, and although it could be either Faustina Jr. (issued under Antoninus Pius or Marcus Aurelius), Lucilla or Crispina, the length of the obverse legend suggested under the encrustation is likely only on a coin of Faustina Jr.
Although PVDICITIA is a reverse type which could appear on any Imperial wife's coinage and did, in fact, appear on at least 75% of Imperial wives' coins, in a quick search I found this exact posture of Pudicitia only on a denarius of Faustina Jr.

But we'll have to wait and see what the cooker reveals on the obverse.

Mark

Totally stumped on this coin - It has four crowns in the quadrants and the only King with crowns is James II of Scotland and this is not one of those. Also the bust is facing left not face on ?? Must be continental ?

0.65g, 14.52mm

Edward III as duke of Aquitaine

 

Edward III from Aquitaine (Elias 56). The date of these coins, which are often found in small quantities in English and Scottish hoards, is uncertain, but probably in the 1330s

H.R. Duncan Elias, Anglo-Gallic Coins, no. 56

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided longcross farthing

Obv VRh - Durham mint

1422 Henry VI hammered silver penny - York mint - Archiepiscopal issue

Quatrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross

 

1422 Henry VI hammered silver penny - York mint - Archiepiscopal issue

Quatrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross

1390 - 1420 AD Medieval decorated buckles with integral box chape
19thC livery button WWII Royal Airforce button

15thC Continental jetton - Working on ID

Obv PBS DG HIB REX CO ZEA

Rev PACE

Huge 1st/2ndC Roman trumpet brooch

1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross penny - Type 7c

Obv HENRIVCVS REX

Rev HENRI ON C(ANTE( - Moneyer Henri of Canterbury mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided longcross halfpenny

Rev VID/ - Moneyer David of London mint

1634 Cahrles 1st hammered copper rose farthing

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 10cf2

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

16thC Tudor button 1500-1700 mount 1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - Greek cross mint mark

Bruges, after 1259, petit denier with lozenge cross; J. Ghyssens, Les petits deniers de Flandre des XIIe at XIIIe siècles, no. 437 (p. 159 and pl. 13) or 435 if the knight has spurs.

 

Martin Allen

16thC Tudor clothing fastener Medieval D buckle
Huge medieval beehive mount with 4 rivet fixings
Medieval hammered silver penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided longcross penny - Class IIIa

Obv hENRICVS REX

IAC/OBO/NN/ORW - Moneyer Jacob of Norwich mint

Rare find 1701 William III milled silver three pence 20thC George Royal Engineers button
Infanterie de ligne (1871-1916)
1634 Cahrles 1st hammered copper rose farthing 1604 James 1st hammered silver half groat
19thC livery button 19thC Customs button 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

Medieval gold ruby ring - reported as treasure to museum

4 of the tiny rubies remain still captured in their settings

1816 George III milled silver sixpence 1604 James 1st hammered silver penny
1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny- Class 5

Obv HENRICVS REX III

Rev ONC/ANY/WIL/LEM- Moneyer Willem of Canterbury mint

1574 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 3 pence 1816 George III milled silver shilling (12 pence)
1817 George III milled silver sixpence 1562 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
2ndC Roman silver coin - 'cooking' to remove crust (Dennis)
16thC Tudor clothing fastener

C 1801 - 19thC Tendering Light Horse Volunteers

1st Reg

Georgian shoe buckl Victorian gold mount
17thC clothing fastener 19thC Royal fuseliers button 1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1649 Commonwealth hammered silver half groat Roman buckle 1890 General service Army button
19thC JR Bedwell of High St Colchester token

1465-1476 Edward IV hammered silver penny - York issue Type XVIiv

Archiepiscopal issue

Quadrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross - Rose by neck

Medieval hammered silver long cross penny Medieval hammered silver long cross penny
Georgian seal matrix
1669 Henry Carter, surgeon of Manningtree Essex ''His Half Penny' hammered copper trade farthing

1217-18 Henry III hammered silver short cross penny - Type 7b-7c

Obv hENRICVS **

Rev ** ND ON SANT - Moneyer Simvnd of Bury St Edmunds mint

1422-1460 Henry VI hammered silver penny - annulet issue-extra annulet in opposing qtr's - annulets by neck

Obv HENRICVS REX ANGLIE

Rev VIL/LAx/CAS/ISIE - Calais mint

1272 Edward Ist hammered silver penny

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev VIL/SCIE/DMV/NDI - Bury St Edmunds mint

Tiny 1584- 6 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half penny - Escallop mint mark

Comparison in size to a hammered silver penny

13thC Edward 1st English Jetton 1645-6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Sun mint mark

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny - Class 3a

Obv HENRICVS REX III

Rev hEN/RIO/NLV/NDE/- Moneyer Henri of London mint

1922 George V milled silver sixpence
15thC lead token Roman buckle 19thC Borough of South end on sea button 15000-1700 mount
Great eyeball find - 16thC stone cannon ball - 2 inch dia Medieval trade weight - Templer cross on Rev
17thC lead token 16thC Tudor button 1573-8 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence
Georgian silver intaglio stud 1837 William IV milled silver groat (4 pence)
Great find WWII toy Mosquito aeroplane

Crude medieval gilded srtap end - two rivet fixings PPost medieval lead bale seal
UNITED KINGDOM
Royal London Yacht Club
R. T. Y. C. - R. T. Y. C.
London, England
In use 1837 - 1901

Cast copper alloy trapezoidal shoe or knee buckle with concave sides

1660-1720

1204/5 King John hammered silver voided short cross penny - Class 5

Obv hENRICVS REX

Rev ON C+ANC ERNAVD - Moneyer Ernavd of Canterbury mint

 

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