Metal detecting holidays in England

with the Worlds most successful metal detecting club

Twinned with Midwest Historical Research Society USA

 
2013 Sept Finds Page 2
1844 Victoria milled gold half sovereign

2000 BC bronze flat axe - very rare find for Essex

47.46mm L x 35.71mm W

Large Georgian silver seal brooch

 

Medieval (1250-1500) cast copper alloy gilded bar mount.

Unknown NEW type - mullet by crown

1509 - 26 Henry VIII hammered silver farthing - Mullet by crown - Long Cross Fourchee, brush hair - Portcullis initial mark - single arched crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA AGL'

Rev CIVI/TAS/ ****

Post medieval cast copper alloy rectangular two piece buckle

C1650-1725

1603 James 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

1247Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny - Class 5

Obv HENRICVS REX III

Rev WIL/LEMONC/ANT - Moneyer Willem of Canterbury mint

Great shappe 1860 Victoria milled copper penny Georgian fob seal

A total monster relic !!

Biggest relic we have ever dug - This weight weighs 18.8 Lbs and is 139mm dia x 102 mm H

It is a steelyard weight - probably medieval - need to do some research on PAS

Post-medieval copper-alloy buckle frame

C AD 1650-1720

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

Boys Brigade badge

This could be a 50BC Cantii Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to CCI for recording and confirmed ID

11.19mm, 1.40g

Just found Jim's Celtic in my new Chris Rudd book and it is classed as Extremely rare - only 6 to 15 exist


It is a Floret Trophy type VA 146,BMC 436 and as I ID'd correctly attributed to the Cantii tribe

 
Military button - not checked ref books yet   Post medieval lead bale seal

1501-1521).
Venetian Soldino hammered silver coin 0.26g,12.08mm

Rev: LAVS TIBI SOLI (Thee Alone be Praised). Haloed figure of Christ holding a cross.

Obv: LE LAV DVX S M V (Leonardo Lauredan, Doge. St Mark of Venice.) Doge kneeling before Saint Mark.

1816 George III milled silver shilling

1422- 61 Henry VI hammered silver half penny - plain cross - Annulet issue

Annulets in oppposing quadrants on rev CIVI

Obv hENIC ***REX ANG**

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Celtic bronze unit - currently soaking to try and clean up for ID
Medieval knife pommel

Rare 13th Light dragoon guard button

'Still unrecorded, but I have it in my book as the below'

Tim

13th Light Dragoons

Officer - 1800-1830

 
1603 Irish James 1st hammered silver sixpence 18thC Royal navy silver button  

1560-1 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny 17thC coppper ring inscribed MARY

1399-1413 Henry VI hammered silver hallf penny - light coinage - annulet to right of neck

Obv + HENRICxREXxANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Medeival hammered silver short cross penny
1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat 1834 William III milled silver shilling
 
Stunning 1625 Charles 1st double crown coin weight  

Spectacular condition 1stC Celtic cosmetic woad grinder

Cast copper alloy cosmetic grinder (also known as woad grinder) of late Iron Age to early Roman date - 1stC BC - mid 1stC AD

Best one I have ever seen dug especially with complete hanging loop

Legend - X CLDVTIOEIS

Face with spikey hair - Spear and sword to each side

13thC seal matrix

1715 Milled silver Denmark coin - researching it

 

Frederick IV (1699-1730), 2 skilling 1715

1422-61 Henry VI hammered silver farthing

Obv hEN ***

Obv CIVI/TAS/L*** London mint

 

4th/5thC Roman gold coin - this is the 3rd 'sandblasted' looking example we have found

3.8g, 19.89mm

1775 George III milled gold full guinea (21 shllings, 156 pence)

24.64mm,8.41g

1590-2 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Hand mintmark

1533- 56 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Wheel mint mark - 2e

Archbishop Thoman Cranmer - TC at sides of bust

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Casnterbury mint

Venetian Soldino issued by Doge Michele Steno (1400-1413).
Obv: MICHAEL STEN' DVX (Michele Steno, Doge). Doge standing left, holding standard.
Rev: S MARCVS VENETI (Saint Mark of Venice). Winged and nimbate lion of Saint Mark facing.

Doge standing left, holding banner, * / m in right field

1344 Edward III hammered silver florin penny - Cross 2

Obv EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev VILL/BRI/STO/LIE - Bristol mint

 

1914 George V milled silver sixpence Stunning condition 1675 Charles II milled copper half penny
Post medieval crossed keys bale seal 15thC lead token 15thC lead token 15thC lead token
1500- 1700 mount 16thC Tudor clothing fastener 1770 Royal navy button
 
Georgian silver thimble   1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
WWII Royal Airforce badge 1780 Russian lead bale seal

1526- 44 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Single arched crown - 'Brush' hair

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1604-19 James 1st Unite gold coin weight - 2nd coinage revalued

Obv Crown XXII (22 shillings)

1604-5 James 1st hammered silver half groat - Lis mintmark 1603 Irish James 1st hammered silver sixpence

The thistle identifies the Scottish made thistle crown of James 1st (1603)

IIIIs 4d1/2 on reverse below crown

Weights have I R to sides of thistle

20thC Dorset Regiment cap badge
1913 George V milled silver sixpence 15thC thimble
1576-79 Antwerp hand coin weight - KI is an unknown maker

Surrey Yeomanry - Queen Mary's regiment

In 1901 the Regiment was granted the title Princess of Wales's which was changed to Queen Mary's when George V became the King

This is the best Scottish silver I have seen dug,stunning coin

1249-1286 Scottish Alexander III hammered silver penny

Rev ALEXANDER DEI GRA

Rev REX SCOTORUM +

Ref SA31D-280

Victorian silver clasp Georgian silver spoon
Nurnberg Type ll - mid 16thC thimble
   
18thC toy cannon Weird hammered silver coin ?? - checking ref books, Islamic

2ndC Roman silver coin - cooking to remove crust - sent to Mark Lehman for initial ID

You know, I'm sure, that with as few definitive features showing (legend letters, etc) as this piece is exhibiting in its current state, this has got to be a guess no more inherently accurate than thowing darts in the dark, but on the basis of the silhouette of the head and the star in the field next to the standing figure on the reverse, it seems like there is a good chance that this is one of the later Severan emperors - Elagabalus or Severus Alexander. 218-222 & 222-235 respectively.

I'll be able to tell you a good bit more, I believe, after this comes out of the cooker.

Mark

Roman bust type Celtic silver unit - 'cooking' it to remove crust

1344 Edward III hammered silver penny florin penny -Cross 1

Obv EDWARR ANGLE DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

c10thC Saxon stirrup mount

Stunning English medieval jetton not in ref books

Appears to be the same period and design circa 1280 like the Lions of England type but this has a winged bird of prey on Obv

1770's pattern coin weight - 6 shillings and nine pence ( 81 pence)

Obv SD 6.9

Rev SD 6.9

 

Georgian trade weight Not checked ref books yet for this military button
1634 Charles 1st hammered coppper rose farthing Roman lead token
16thC Elizabethan illegal tavern token

1327 Edward III hammered silver penny - quadrefoil with pellet in centre of reverse cross

Archiepiscopal issue

Obv DVS***

Rev /EBO/ - York mint

1566 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 3 pence 1509 -26 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - single arched crown

1422-61 Henry VI hammered silver half penny - satires by neck

Satire leaf issue

Obv HENRIC'xREX:ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

17thC mount Medieval mount
Medieval hammered silver long cross penny 18thC Officers Queens dragoon guards button
1260's AD Non Heraldic personal lead seal matrix

Medieval badges Ref Mitchiner p244 939 - 941

 

'A badge for a Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in bronze and dating somewhere around C13/14th possibly very slightly later . This is a very scarce item and it relates to The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem being a Catholic chivalric order of Knighthood that traces its roots to Godfrey of Bouillon, principal leader of the First Crusade. According to reliable sources in the Vatican and Jerusalem, it began in historical reality as a mixed clerical and lay confraternity (association) of pilgrims which gradually grew around the most central of the Christian holy places in the Middle East, the Holy Sepulchre or the tomb of Jesus Christ.This would have been a pin for a member of the order , there is a mark on the reverse where the original pin would have been fixed

1307 -1327 Edward II hammered silver penny - Cross Moline- angular backs to letters - Class 11b

Obv E *** ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/DVR/ENE - Durham mint

18thC toy cannon
Late Medieval/ Early Post-Medieval (15th-early 16th century) cast one-piece copper-alloy mount, convex and cinquefoil in shape 19thC Royal Yeomanry button 19thC livery button
1932 George V milled silver half crown (30 pence) and 1929 sixpence

Post-medieval copper-alloy buckle frame

C AD 1650-1720

19thC Chinese cash coin Early Post-Medieval (1500-1700) copper alloy belt mount in the form of an acorn, 18thC clog fastener

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

Roman lead motorcyclist LOL

Cast copper alloy tapering D-form buckle of 17th century date.

AD 1600 - 1700

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

1845 Victoria milled silver groat 1247 Henry III hammered silver half penny
1830's London guildhall trade weight

1247 Henry III hammered silver qtr penny

Rev / NDE/ - London mint

Org Stuart's 17thC crotal bell hoard !!

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver half penny - Type 1 (i)

Obv + RICARD:REX :ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Debased silver Roman coin sent for ID - cooking to remove crust

 

Debased silver Roman coin sent for ID - cooking to remove crust

 

It will probably come as no large surprise that the 2nd - the denarius needing the least cleaning - is Julia Mamaea - you can read a good deal of the legend as-is, the initial "IVLIA" is quite clear.  This precise combination of features on the reverse, "CONCORDIA" with Concord standing left, pouring libation from patera over small lighted altar and holding double cornucopiae; star in left field, is unique to her, so far as I have been able to determine in a quick search of the Severan women.  Also, the hair style is fairly distinctive, too.  Generally the Imperial women each had their own personal style or series of styles and didn't copy each other (except Lucilla who copied her mother, Faustina Jr, with a very round, low-placed bun and otherwise unadorned hair style).
One interesting characteristic is that I don't think that this coin has one of the "regularly used" obverse legends - there are simply too many letters in it for it to end in "AVG" as it appears to do, so this may be some sort of unusual legend variant which isn't recorded in Roman Silver Coins, at any rate.

The other piece is a bit more problematic, the obverse being essentially illegible at this point - I'll make a wild guess that it may be Julia Paula, Elagabalus' wife - but it's just as likely to be Elagabalus - the couple of legible letters on the obverse might be in either of their common legends.  The reverse type is PIETAS AVG with Piety standing facing, head left, right hand extended (holding patera?) and box of incense(?) in left.  This is a pretty common type and could have been used by either man or woman (actually, so could CONCORDIA, but that's more commonly a womans' type in the Severan era)

We'll have to wait for some encrustation to be removed before I can give you any more conclusive ID's, but if these are from a site close to the one in which yesterday's Severus Alexander was found, it would make sense since all three could easily be dated within less than a decade of each other, overall.

Mark

1500-1700 mount with 2 integral lugs Georgian Britannia mount Medieval knife pommel
WWII Regimental Training Squadron- RAF lapel badge 2ndC Roman fibular brooch
 
Medieval ear wax scraper ? 1500-1700 mount with 2 integral lugs  
     
Medieval copper thumb ring Unknown coin weight ?
Medieval harness hanger Medieval mount

Addedomarus 45BC Celtic gold full stater - sent to CCI for recording CCI 13.0532

17.13mm, 5.54g

Thanks for the latest pair of Addedomaros staters, the one you sent a few days ago (the very round coin) I've recorded as 13.0532, and yesterdays coin (the oval one) is 13.0533.

John

1158 -1189 AD Henry II hammered silver penny ' Tealby' cross and crosslet type

Unusual cross - this is a defining characteristic of class C3

2 Georgian trade weights
1817 George III milled silver shilling Medieval boy bishop token Capt / Commander - 1774-1787

1373-to 1414 struck by Charles V to VI

Paschal lamb jetton of Bourge (Berry)

Obv +MOTION SVI: DE BERRI

Paschal lamb standing left with one foot raised:head nimbate and reverted to view flag with cross at top

Mitch Ref 498

19thC Tendering Volunteer Calvary lead mount

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver half penny - Type 1 (L)

Obv + RICARD'REX :ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

 

Georgian mount

Post-medieval copper-alloy buckle frame

C AD 1650-1720

1stC Roman bronze sent for ID

As I commented just yesterday (wasn't it?), you can generally tell the imperial ladies apart by their individual coifs - except for Faustina Jr. and her daughter Lucilla, both of whom wore their hair pulled back into a very simple bun, low on the back of the head.
This coin offers us no particular challenge to tell which of the two it is, however, since "FAVSTIN..." (FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, in full) can be easily read on the obverse. 

Faustina Jr. was the wife of Marcus Aurelius. The daughter of Antoninus Pius (and his wife, Faustina Sr.) she married M. Aurelius in 145 while he was Caesar under A. Pius.   She was proclaimed "Augusta" in 147 when her first child was born. (she bore at least a dozen children of whose existence we have records) replacing her mother as Augusta - and incidentally achieving this elevation before her husband, who was made Augustus in 161 on the death of A. Pius.  She and Marcus Aurelius evidently had a closer and warmer relationship than many we read about among the Roman nobility, despite some rumored infidelities.  She joined her husband in the field as he spent the later part of his life repelling attacks along the northern borders.  Later in life she was known as "Matri Castrorum", or "Mother of the Camp". (sort of like a fraternity's housemom, I guess...)
She died in 175 while acompanying her husband on a visit to Cappadocia, and was honored with an extensive posthumous coinage as well.

A MATRI CASTRORVM S - C sestertius of Faustina Jr:

http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album94/ML20_Faustina_II_Matri_Cast_sest
not the best preserved piece in my collection, but a scarcer type from late in her life, and one which displays a sentimental significance unusual in the imperial relationships.

A somewhat better-preserved example of a Faustina Jr. sestertius:

http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album94/ML17_Faustina_II_Diana_Lucina_sest
you can see how similar the obverses are to one another - and to your coin.

Unfortunately, at least from what I can see in the photos, I am not going to be able to tell you what the reverse type is on your coin.  It's unfortunate that the reverse has been so profoundly degraded by wear and oxidation - but the obverse is quite nice considering the sort of piece I am used to seeing from your digs.

 Mark

French Infantry Button
46th Line Regiment
Circa 1803-1814

 

19thC liver button
THE 44th REGIMENT OF FOOT. / AFTER 1881 :- 1st Battalion The Essex Regiment

O/R's 1820 -

1900- 1907

The City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders) was a yeomanry regiment of the British Territorial Army, formed in 1901 and amalgamated in 1961

Rolled hammered silver penny - annulets in 2 opposing quadrants

1422-27 Henry VI hammered silver penny - annulet issue

Very early medieval looking buckle chape with black enamel inlay decoration - one for the museum
1679 Charles 1st milled silver 4 pence

1280 - 1286 Scottish Alexander III 2nd coinage Class 1

Addedomaros 45BC Celtic gold full stater - sent to CCI for recording

18.42mm, 5.53g

Thanks for the latest pair of Addedomaros staters, the one you sent a few days ago (the very round coin) I've recorded as 13.0532, and yesterdays coin (the oval one) is 13.0533.

John

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1851 Victoria milled silver sixpence
1845 Victoria milled silver half crown (30 pence) with size comaprison to a sixpence

 

Medieval silver ring - reported as treasure to museum

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 10ab

Obv +EDWARD R ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1602 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - 2 mint mark

Post medieval cast copper alloy buckle frame

Circa AD 1600 - 1699

18thCc silver button 1500-1700 mount
1860 Victoria milled silver 3 pence 1500-1700 mount Georgian watch winder

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1509 -47 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny

TD besides shield - Bishop Ruthall - Durham mint

Neat double sided Georgian fob seal

1604 James 1st Rose ryal gold coin weight, 2nd coinage revalued

Rev Crown XXXIII (33 shillings )

Saxon lead coin weight
Ancient silver coin fragment - cooking to clean up Silver bracelet fragment - worth the museum taking a look in case it is early
18thC Continental milled silver coin - 3 lions of rev looks Dutch 1574 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence

Georgian fob seal matrix -

'TO BEST IN HD'

Man sitting on beer barrel with glass and grapes in hand

1836 William IV milled silver three ppence

12th -15thC Pilgrims lead ampullae - East Anglia type

Georgian fob seal matrix

'IF CHERCME

Winged cherub facing left holding man

Medieval barrel lock

Old Womens Institute - Britain Enamel Badge - W O Lewis Badges Bham

'For home and country''

1500-1700 mount 15thC lead token - type 2

Cast copper alloy double-looped sub-annular shoe or knee buckle with bevelled internal edge

Circa 1650-1720

1935 George V milled silver shilling (12 pence) 19thC livery button 17thC button
 
Georgian mount   1859 Victoria milled silver sixpence

Robinson enameled metal 'golden shred' marmalade Gollywog badge

Robertson's Post War White Waistcoat Boy Scout Golly Badge by Miller

Gollywog branding

Just before World War I, John Robertson (son of James Robertson) was on a tour of the United States. Whilst on a visit to the backwoods he noticed many young children playing with little black rag dolls with white eyes, made from their mothers' discarded black skirts and white blouses. Intrigued by the popularity of the "Golly" (the name being the children's interpretation of doll), he thought it would make an ideal mascot and trade mark for the Robertson's range of products. Accepted by the company, Golly was first shown on Robertson literature in 1910, on items such as labels and price lists.

Robertson's officially 'retired' Golly in 2002. The company had found that Golly was, on the whole, no longer popular with the children of families, although the scheme was still successful with adult collectors.

Robertson's always insisted that they did not retire the Golly because of the pressure of "political correctness" in the 1990s (the caricature is now generally considered to be racist),

1941 Palestine 2 mils

Inscription PALESTINE, in English, Hebrew and Arabic

1820 George III milled silver sixpence
VA Army button ?

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

16thC Tudor button
Britain's Merchant Navy
Generic Design Issue
In use 1900 's onwards
2ndC Roman enamelled fibular brooch 19thC livery button 19thC hunting button
16thC Tudor fretwork button 19thC Essex Regiment button West Ham speedway club badge

Cast copper alloy double-looped sub-annular shoe or knee buckle with bevelled internal edge

Circa 1650-1720

Medieval D buckle

Post Medieval cast copper alloy single loop buckle frame.

1500-1650 AD

1604 James 1st Spur Ryal gold coin coinweight- 2nd coinage, revalued

Obv XVIs VID

Rev Flower

 
Capt / Commander - 1774-1787

20thC shipping line navy button - not checked ref books yet

Honi soit qui mal y pense (Old French: shame upon him who thinks evil of it)

 

Royal fuseliers cap badge
 
1846 Victoria milled silver sixpence 1906 Edward VII milled silver sixpence
1852 Victoria milled silver sixpence 1929 George V milled silver sixpence
1845 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1947-8 Winners Waltham & District football league

Birmingham solid silver hall mark

2ndC Roman silver coin sent for ID

3.36g, 17.46 mm

Chris,

Righto - you hardly need my help on one like this, but here goes: This is Faustina the Elder - wife of Antoninus Pius and mother of Faustina the Younger, Marcus Aurelius' wife.  The Elder Faustina died in 141, only a couple of years after Antoninus ascended to the purple, so the great bulk of her coinage is posthumous.  This denarius, from the mint at Rome, c. 147 or later, has the common AETERNITAS reverse legend which can be found coupled with a dozen or so different reverse types.  This one is Juno raising her right hand and holding a scepter. 
Some reference attributions, if you like them, would be BMCRE 345; RIC 344; RSC 26 & SRCV 4574.  

It's considered quite common, overall - but this is a very nice find for your guys!

Mark

 

Stunning complete huge Georgian horse harness bell with 'I' foundry mark

Only ever seen fragments of this type before

1594-6 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

You're trying to trick me by posting the images upside down now?  This is, of course, one of the VRBS ROMA city commemoratives originally issued in conjunction with the ceremonies dedicating Constantinople as the new capital city of the Empire, and then up until the death of Constantine - ie: 330-337.  Issued occasionally after Constantine's death, the later ones usually just have the VRBS ROMA obverse, the allegorical personification of Rome as an armored woman, paired with a single-standard GLORIA EXERCITVS, soldiers flanking standard(s) type after the elevation of Constantine's sons in 337.  The reverse, if you care to turn it right-side up, shows the she-wolf standing left suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars in the field above and no legend.  Usually you can easily tell which city issued these, but the mint mark is completely off-flan on this specimen.

Mark

1272 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

1509- 1547 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny

Obv hENRIC DI GRA REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LO** - London mint

1413-22 Henry V hammered silver half penny - annulet to right side of neck -

Obv hENRI * ***

Rev CIVI/TAS/ LON/DON - London mint

1932 George V milled silver shilling
1696 William III milled silver sixpence 1845 Victoria milled silver sixpence
1844 Victoria milled silver sixpence 1852 Victoria milled silver sixpence
   
   

More finds on 2013 Sept Finds page 1

New 2013 Oct finds page added