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Nov 2007 Finds page 4
*** Latest finds posted the new hunt page 2009 Feb finds

1608 AD Hans Schultes III 'Turbanded bust' German Jetton. Male bust right wearing a turban. 1.28g, 22.23mm

obv GLICK 4 foil KVMPT 4 foil VON flower GOT 4 foil ISTWAR

rev Traditional imperial orb with cross patty in a tressure with 3 main arches, 3 pairs of pellets inside the tressure

rosette HANS:SCHVLTES:ZV:NVRNB

1562 AD Hans Krauwinckel I Master German Lion of St Mark Jetton, 19.27g, 30.02mm

Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:

Obv *S*MARCVS * EVANGELLIST*GOTT***

Rev Imperial Orb surrounded by cross patty witin an ornate tressure *HANNS * KRVRENBER

The normal weight for this type is 7.95g to 11.30 g, this specimin weights 19.27g ???? It is acually two of the same type of Jettons stuck together

Arabic looking brooch
Georgian harness mount with initials EC
17thC spoon handle with initial L
1872 The King's Royal Rifle Corp button
Lead cloth seal, appears to be
George III trade weight with London hallmarks
16thC Tudor decorated button
15th The Kings Royal Hussars- this type not in ref books
Military button - not checked ref books yet
Very unusual fully decorated double D buckle 1550 - 1650
Mid 18thC 18 shillings coin weight
1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing

1195 Scottish William 1 The Lion hammered silver penny

Short cross and stars issue Class I

Moneyer RAUL ON ROCEBU (Raul of Roxburgh)

obv WILELMUS R (E) X

Bust of pellets facing left, the king holding a sceptre

 

1650 Nicholas Cler of Barking Essex hammered copper trade farthing
18thC silver decorated clog fastener initials TA- hall marked solid silver with markers mark LB
Roman bronze pin head - it has the classic ridge like a Saxon period pin - one for the museum to confirm
18thC toy cannon
1956 Dutch 10 Cents

1572-3 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat ( 2 pence)

3rd Issue

Great condition George II 1739 copper farthing
15thC lead token
Medieval gilded and decorated hook mount - one rivet of two fixing remains
1158-1180 AD Henry II Cross and Crosslet hammered silver penny - Tealby issue 1.31g, 19.54mm unrecorded bust type.
2nd Queens Dragoon Guards
 
Officer - 1746-1872
1696 William III shilling
Huge 18thC Anchor mount
1817 George III milled silver sixpence
1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat
Medieval hammered silver penny
Medieval ring brooch pin
1918 George V milled silver sixpence
Georgian flower button
Britain's Merchant Navy
Generic Design Issue
In use 1900 's onwards
1649 Commonwealth hammered silver penny

1795 Hampshire Portsmouth Halfpenny Condor Token

OBVERSE: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST. REVERSE: Britannia seated. RULE BRITANNIA 1795. EDGE: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL X X X

Medieval lead vessica seal matrix- appears to be a flower impression
Georgian copper alloy Name tag - 'Futinto'
Roman harness loop junction - 2 rivet fixing
   
17thC bell clapper
18thC silver button

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1634 -36 Charles 1st Rose hammered copper farthing type 2

Obv CAEOLU D G MA FRA

Rev FRA ET HI REX

1634 -36 Charles 1st Rose hammered copper farthing type 2

Obv CAEOLU D G MA FRA

Rev FRA ET HI REX

17th hammered silver half groat in poor shape
Silver love token overstamper
Medieval lead trade weight - 4 leaf pattern

1614-25 James 1st hammered copper farthing Type 3c Mintmark key

Genral type Obv. IACO D G MAG BR (IT)

Rev. FRA ET HIB REX

1834 William IIII milled silver four pence
Medieval buckle
17thC copper alloy finial
19thC liver button
Georgian buckle

Very rare find and the first ever found here.

Charles 1st Aberystwyth - Furnance mint 1648/9 hammered silver half groat - Large plume

book mintmark

Silver twisted wire ring - one for the museum to date

Royal Ordnance Corp

 

Firmin and Sons London

Early 20th C

RN Petty Officer - 1891
17thC 1/2 scruple apothecary weight

20thC Irish Volunteers

P & T

Midland Railway button

J Gaunt and Sons Ltd London

From 1899

3rd Dragoons Guards one piece button- unlisted type

 

Unknown maker - Jackson

30 Gracechurch St London

Medieval lead hanging weight
19thC Monogrammed button
Not checked ref books yet
Another unrecorded 5th Dragoon guards button one piece button

Interesting Celtic gold find - it appears to be the first right facing Dubnovellaunus Late 1st BC to Early 1stC AD Full Celtic gold stater found here 5.73g, 17.13mm

I have sent it off to the Celtic coin register for confirmed ID and recording

King John 1199 - 1216 hammered silver penny Class 6a2

Moneyer ABEL

LVNDE - London mint

Henry III 1247 hammered silver voided long cross half penny
1900 Victorian old bust milled copper penny

1818 Russian bale seal from St Petersburg

ПAKЛЯ Codilla: broken flax, the coarse part of the flax separated in the first heckling process

1550-1650 Double D buckle
16th/17thC clothing fastener
Stunning condition 1694 William and Mary copper penny
Roman lead 20 scriptula weight

Circa 17th century

A large mount in the form of an acorn; two integral pointed lugs on the back.

18thC gilded button
Interesting do dad - no idea of use
Chaffing dish handle
Georgian button

Unknown 1461 Edward IV DURHAM issue hammered silver penny

obv EDWARD REX ANGLIE

Note the 4 pellet stops both sides of REX on obv legend - not listed in refernence books, Legend EDWARD REX ANGLIE is an Edward IV Durham issue.

16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 3 pence (129)
1582 Elizabeth hammered silver three halfpence 4th issue sword mintmark
1591-5 Elizabeth hammered silver half groat (2 pence) 5th issue tun mintmark

1307 Edward II hammered silver penny Class 11a broken pearl by left of crown type

obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

rev CIVITAS CANTOR- Canterbury mint

1604-5 Gold Double crown , James 1st 2nd coinage revalued coin weight 4.66g (coin weights 5g)

1613-15 James 1st hammered copper farthing Type 3b Flower both sides mintmark

Genral type Obv. IACO D G MAG BR (IT)

Rev. FRA ET HIB REX

General Post Office badge
19thC Northern Yacht Club button
Heraldic lead mount - need researching
Roman fibula brooch fragment
Venezia, Agostino Barbarigo LXXXIV Doge (1486-1501)
Soldino o Marchetto (AR) Biaggi 2938
D/ AV.BAR.S.M.V.DUX / S.Marco a s., il Doge a d.
R/LAVS TIBI SOLI / il Redentore

Unrecorded

4th Regiment of Foot
( The King's Own )
O/R's - 1830-1855

Kings St Covent Gardens

Unrecorded
7th Queen's Own
Light Dragoons
Officer - 1784-1807
THE 5TH. (PRINCESS OF WALES'S) DRAGOON GUARDS button
Roman lead trade weight with curious circle mark and MXC on obverse
1801 St Petersburg Russian lead bale seal (unrecorded type)
Georgian fob stone in copper alloy setting

17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
Georgian pastry jigger wheel support
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
Georgian lion mount
16th/17thC fretwork clothing fastener
Medieval mount with single rivet fixing
Interesting early bronze piece for the museum
Fragment with VII inscribed on it ?
Johan Jacob Dietzel of Nürnberg who made this sometime between 1711 and 1748.

Obverse "GEORG.DG.M.(.........)

Reverse: "IOHAN(N.I)ACOB.DIETZEL.RECHP.COUNTERS"

Georgian fob seal
15th/16thC book clasp fragment - 2 rivet fixings
19thC livery button

 

 

English Saxon Thrysmas gold coin - Crondall type c620 -650 AD named after the hoard found in 1828. Recorded on the Fitzmuseum Corpus database as EMC 2007.0302 1.26g, 11.46mm

'Witmen type'

C850BC bronze age socketed axe fragment

First of this King's groats ever found here- rare find - he was known as the Black Prince

1377 AD Richard II hammered silver groat ( 4 pence) Type 1 (Straight sided)

Ob RICHARD DEI* GRA*REX ANGL Z FRANC DNS HIB Z AQT

Rev Outer POSVI DEVM ADIVTORUM MEVM

Inner CIVITAS LONDON - London mint

1422 - 7 AD Henry VI hammered silver long cross half penny - Annulet issue Type A1 annulets in VIL and Cal qtrs

obv HENRIC x REX x ANGL

rev VIL LA CAL LIS - Calais mint

0.36g, 12.80mm

2ndC Roman 'bird' type fibula brooch - first of that type ever found here , neat find

1217-8 AD Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny Class 7b Square topped A

obv HENRICVS REX

Moneyer Norman - Bury mint

1247 AD Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny Class 1a

obv HENRICVS REX

rev RIC ARD ONC ANT

Moneyer Richard

Anonymous: letter I early 15thC. An initial with crown above, branches at the side, was a design that became incrreasingly common in the 15thC and was often used on a signet ring as below. The letter suggests it stood for the owners forename. This example was used in 1424 by Edward Saddler, clerk

1217-8 AD Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny Class 6c3

obv HENRICVS REX

1655 Henry Lamb of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
Ths appears to be a well chewed Roman bird mount - one for the museum
16thC sword belt loop
16thC mount with 2 integral lugs
1217-8 AD Henry III hammered silver short cross penny
16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny (141)
Pressed gold Victorian buckle
The Prince of Wales and Victoria model half sovereign token
RN Capt / Commander - 1787
RN Lieutenant - 1787
This rings looks early but it is modern Georgian
20thC Dent's make button
4thC Roman bronze sent off for ID
Silver decorarted end piece - reported as potential treasure

 

Victoria and Albert marriage medallion 10 February 1840
17thC sword hanger fitting with 2 rivet fixings
Crown with HARTS VI - not checked the military books yet
RN Cap't / Commander - 1901
17thC sword hanger fitting with 2 rivet fixings
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
Georgian Pressed silver bell fragment
Button with crown. Not checked the military books yet
Roman Military piece - Lugged baldric mount
17thC lead mount - dingle itegral lug
16thC mount with 2 integral lugs
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
Medieval mount with single rivet fixing
Post medieval cross mount
19thC livery button
1885 Victorian milled silver 3 pence
1859 Victorian milled silver 3 pence
Not checked the military books yet
Small Roman piece - not sure of use yet
Georgian lead carriage mount - single iron fixing
Stunning 16thC Elizabethian lead cloth seal
1777 Pattern 28th Regiment of foot button
1526 - 44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat (4 pence) 2nd coinage - mintmark Lis
17thC buckle
15thC lean token made into a pendant
Medieval casket key
1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing
16thC mount with 2 integral lugs

King John 1199 - 1216 hammered silver short cross penny Class 6c3

LVNDE - London mint

obv HENRICVS REX

rev ABEL ON LUNDE

Moneyer Abel of London

1582-4 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat 2 pence Fifth issue A mint mark
Georgian gilded leaf fragment
19thC bell trade weight - crown V hallmark - London
15thC lead long cross and pellet type token
15thC Spanish hammered silver 4 real - not researched it yet
Early plain bronze ring - shows lamination like a Roman ring but it probably Medieval - one for the museum
1st to 4thC Roman bronze seal ring

2ndC Roman silver coin fragment - cleaned up and sent for ID 1.34g, 17.05mm

With the lack of readable letters in the obverse legend, I'm going to have to give you a fairly wild guess, based on what the shape of the back of the head appears to be, that it's likely to be a denarius of Trajan (96-117 A.D.).  That it is (or was - lol) a denarius is not in question, but who's on it might be.  Now Trajan was around for a bit over 20 years and was a most wonderfully prolific minter of denarii - the Trajan section in RSC (Roman Silver Coins) is 23 closely-spaced, fine-print pages long - so the reverse type wouldn't tell us much even if we could be sure what was happening there.   It appears that it could be someone in military dress (the emperor?  "Mars"? "Virtus"?  Minerva?  some generic soldier?) with an inverted spear.  A spear with the point down, in the Roman iconographic shorthand, was usually a sign that some previous hostilities had ceased.  Or, I suppose it might be Hercules leaning on his club - but there really isn't enough left to be certain.
 
Sorry I can't be more specific, but sometimes the crucial bits will either be missing or so unclear that there just isn't very much anyone can tell you.
 
Mark

(146)

2nd C Roman bronze sent off for ID - 13.03g, 28.63mm

 

Luckily, you have legend enough for a positive ID on the emperor - it's Commodus - 177-192 A.D.
The weight/diameter is a little problematic.  The diameter is adequate, if a bit small for a Sestertius, although the weight would be about the lowest I've seen - well below the average weight for Commodus Sestertii.  It has, obviously, lost a bit to chipping on the edges, but not enough to allow me to be comfortable or certain calling it a Sestertius.  At 28mm, it's on the lower end of the diameter scale for Sestertii, but is really a bit large to be an As - since there's no traces of radiate crown, it can't be a Dupondius.
So, it's a little unusual, either an undersized sestertius or an oversized As. 
The reverse is most likely some sort of standing personification or deity - but lacking detail enough to make out any recognizeable attributes and not in any characteristic posture - actually, as I rotate the image, there's even a distant possibility that this is a galley. 
So, I'm sorry I can't give you more specific and positive information, but it is, at least, firmly attributable to to ruler.
 
Mark 

Yep it is a galley on the obverse

Normally, it wouldn't help, since, as was common at the time, Commodus tended to put the same reverses on all of his denominations.  An issue of all the current denominations with a specific reverse was far more the rule than what we have here - only the Aureus and Sestertius carried this particular reverse type - PROVID AVG P M TR P XI IMP VIII COS V PP S - C and dates specifically to the 2nd half of 186 A.D.  This would be RIC III 486 or 487.
So, despite being a little too small and a little too light, it is a sestertius - and a relatively sought-after type (although this specimen is hardly the most desirable) since ship reverses have always been a popular theme for a collection.
 
Mark 

 

Georgian fob seal intaglio
Georgian silvered button with flower design
18thC Spanish silver quartered milled silver real

Facinating piece - Traces of gilding remaining - one arm has a sharp point - needs research

49.34mm W x 4.33mm T

Possible Celtic bronze - concave shaped 2.30g, 15.55m sent off to CCI for recording

This is the correct weight and dia for a Celtic bronze and need cleaning to reveal the horse

20thC Angel medallion
Mid 4thC Roman bronze coin
17thC clothing fastener
1550 - 1650 Buckle
1723 George 1st milled silver shilling (12 pence)
1896 Victorian milled silver sixpence
1933 George V milled silver shilling
Neat button - Lion in shield - not researched it yet
Georgian dress button
Unusual type of decorated 17thC hooked clothing fastner - single fixing - it could even at a pinch be a mount
16thC diamond shaped mount with 2 integral lugs
Interesting 17thC hammered copper token - needs research
19thC Monogrammed button
19thC livery button
17thC circular mount with 2 integral lugs
1634 Charles 1st hammered copper Rose farthing
RN Capt / Commander - 1901
Other Ship's Officers - 1901
In use 1901 - 1952
19thC livery button
18thC Royal artillery cuff button
Possible 17thC ring fragment
RN Petty Officer - 1891
Georgian lock catch slide ?
Royal Engineer Department

In use by 1881

Smith & Wright - Birmingham

1649 Commonwealth hammered silver one penny
1916 George V milled silver shilling
French Napoleonic artillery button - one piece
Bouton d'officier du 1er regiment à pied et des compagnie d'ouvriers et d'armuriers de l'artillerie
1804-1811
18thC toy pistol
1818 George III milled silver sixpence
1869 European milled silver 10 cents
1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing

What a really neat copper coin - 1897

obv FOUR GENERATIONS OF THE BRITISH ROYAL FAMILY

rev TO CELEBRATE THE 60TH YEAR OF HER MAJESTIES REIGN 1837-97

THE DIAMOND JUBILE

Roman Theodosius I 379-395 AD - gold solidus AD 4.40g, 20.26mm

This is, as you later suspected, Theodosius I rather than Magnus Maximus.  A solidus of "Mag Max" would be a great item to find - Kipling included him as a character in "Puck of Pook's Hill" with a vividly-drawn, if fairly historically inacurate portrait.  He's a good bit scarcer, in general, than Theodosius I, but the coin we're looking at today carries an "R2" rating in RIC, so it's pretty scarce as well.
 
This is a Solidus - the denomination introduced by Constantine the great which would continue to be struck with very little variation in weight or fineness for nearly another thousand years as it became the flagship coin of the Byzantine empire.
Your specimen was minted at Trier, between 388 and 392 A.D.  The "COM" in the exergue refers to it being pure gold - the mint designation is the T - R to either side of the two characters on the reverse - who are meant to be 2 co-regnal emperors - the basic design goes back to the time of Valentinian I and Valens, but continued until, at this time, it was supposed to be Valentinian II and Theodosius I as the 2 senior Augusti, there was however (throughout the era) a 3rd and even, at times, a 4th emperor. 
The obverse legend is D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG - with the normal diademed draped and cuirassed bust right. 
The reverse is VICTORIA AVGG (the 2 "G's" abbreviating "Augustorum" referring to multiple emperors) and shows the 2 emperors, presumably Valentinian II and Theodosius I seated facing, holding a globe between them, the top half of Victory between and spreading her wings above them.
 
RIC IX Trier 90b.
 
Congratulations to you and the digger - What a great find!
 
Mark

 

1631-9 Nicolas Briot's coinage

Charles 1st milled silver one pence one of the first milled silver coinages ever made

rev IUSTITIA THRONUM FIRMAT

1633-4 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Portcullis mint mark Tower mint under Charles (148)
Huge cast harness mount
Huge post medieval bronze pot leg
Medieval decorated heraldic design mount with 2 integral lugs
19thC jews harp

15thC Shield of France Jetton

15th C c/a belt decoration diamond shaped centre square punched
Georgian flower button
Military button - not checked ref books yet
1526 - 44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat, needs straightening to reveal exact type on obverse
1697 William III milled silver sixpence love token - small crown type
1697 William III milled silver shilling (12 pence) - small crown type

1794 Colchester half penny(y)

OBVERSE: A view of Colchester Castle to the edge of token. Ex: 1794. REVERSE: A weaving loom. SUCCESS TO THE BAY TRADE. EDGE: PAYABLE AT CHARLES HEATHS BAY MAKER COLCHESTER .X.

1696 William III milled silver sixpence love token - small crown type

1422-27 Henry VI hammered silver half groat - Annulet issue

obv HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC

2 annulets by bust, annulet in 2 qtrs of reverse

Calais mint

1754 St Petersburg Russian bale seal - unknown reverse
Copper alloy bird mount - one for the museum to date
16thC seal matrix with flower design - very unusual type
2ndC Roman bronze fibula brooch

 

Lead fox head mount - no idea of date - one for the museum
16thC sword belt loop
Another interesting piece - 2nd of it's type found here this year, other one had a decorated front - it is like the pin out of a disc brooch but too fat - Roman hanger pendants are similar - one for the museum to look at
1855 French copper 5 cents coin
19thC Dragon livery button
Medieval buckle
16th/17thC
Asymmetrical, flat mount with two integral pointed lugs
Possible 1stC Celtic potin sent to CCI for ID and recording 14.17mm 1.65g

16th/17thC Asymmetrical, flat mount with two integral pointed lugs.

Sept 2007 finds page 1

Sept 2007 finds page 2

Oct2007 finds page 3