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Feb 2010 Latest finds

 

 

 

Large 11000 BC flint hand axe - 99mm L x 80mm W

 

 

Possible Romano/British silver handle - reported as treasure to Colchester museum

11.84g, 33.36mm w x 41.46mm H x 7.24mm T

Full size Roman stone phallic ornament, George III sixpence for size - 72.5 mm L x 30.71mm W

 

 

 

Interesting group, but I'm afraid what they indicate is at very least a couple centuries occupation. 
 
I'm thankful you're asking for guesses at this point - very little here I am feeling completely confident attributing to specific folks, but the general time-frames are not in question.  I will try to fill-in details over the next couple days (I'm recovering from the flu and not spending as much time at my desk as I normally do.)
 
 The one you describe as "Celtic" is most likely Spanish - "Romano-Celitberian" as they call them - segueing into Provincial issues - and is a "DIVVS" (deified) someone from the clear bit of counter-clockwise legend around 4:00-5:00.  I'm guessing Augustus but it could be Julius, Agrippa, etc.  Not earlier than late 1st century BC (c. 40 BC at the earliest) and not likely to be later than 25-35 or so AD when the Spanish Provincials dried up in favor of Imperial coin.
 
The one with the apparently severly advanced bronze disease pits in the obverse I can tell you is a "Caesar" - as in "crown prince", "emperor in training", "heir apparent", etc.  The reverse type is PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS - or some variant of the same - "Prince of Youth".  I don't know, off the top of my head, which Caesar was portrayed with 4 standards and holding a scepter (that's unusual - typically it's only 1 or 2 standards, but this should work to our advantage, eventually), but I'm sure I can figure it out.  It's unlikely to be earlier than Commodus (c. 160's) or later than Herrenius Etruscus (c. 250)  If I read your metrics correctly, that one's an As
 
The one in the middle, of approximate sestertius weight with the gorgeous portrait, seems not to be Roman Imperial - at first glance, it seems to be Provincial, but since so far I can't read a single letter on obverse or reverse - I'd have to guess that one was supposed to be Caracalla, Geta, Philip II, or another of the baby-faced but bearded 3rd century folks. - Again, gussing only, c. 200-245 AD.  The portrait style is just not correct for Roman Imperial of the era.
 
Mark

 

 

c10thC Saxon strap terminal

1413 -22 Henry V hammered silver halfpenny - broken annulets by crown - earl hair - Type 5

Obv HENRIC REX ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

0.42g, 13.57mm

Sede Vacante 1472-75 Edward IV hammered silver (Archiepiscopal issue) penny

G & key by bust Reverse plain cross

Obv EDWARD DI GRA REX ANGL - York mint

1485 AD Henry VII Sovereign penny - York, Archbishop. Rotherham, keys below shield type
Saxon key - pendant type

 

 

 

 

i

2- 16thC Tudor clothing fastener with religious inscription from different fields

 

IHS: dating from the 8th c., this is an abbreviation for "IHESUS," the way Christ's Name was spelled in the Middle Ages (despite popular belief, the monogram stands neither for "Iesus Hominum Salvator" --"Jesus Saviour of Men" -- nor for "In His Service.") Popularized by St. Bernardine of Siena, the monogram was later used by St. Ignatius of Loyola as a symbol for the Jesuit Order.

The IHS monogram is an abbreviation or shortening of Jesus' name in Greek to the first three letters. Thus ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, ιησυς (iēsus, "Jesus"), is shortened to ΙΗΣ (iota-eta-sigma), sometimes transliterated into Latin or English characters as IHS or ΙΗC.

The symbol is said to appear rarely in the catacombs, only in the catacomb of Priscilla and the atrium of the Capella Gr�ca (Greek Chapel).1 It was popularized in the fifteenth century, however, by Franciscan disciple Bernadine of Sienna as a symbol of peace. In 1541 St. Ignatius Loyola adopted the symbol with three nails below and surrounded by the sun as the seal of the Jesuit order.

Contrary to some authors, the monogram originally stood for neither for Iesus Hominum Salvator ("Jesus Savior of Men") nor for "In His Service." Some attribute its origin to Constantine's vision, where he saw a cross with the inscription "In hoc signo vinces" ("in this sign you shall conquer,"2 which is abbreviated, according to them, as IHS. However, this seems to require a stretch, as do claims that it is really a pagan symbol. The simplest explanation, as an abbreviation of Jesus' name, is best.

 

16thC Tudor clothing fastener

 

C 10thC Saxon clothing fastener - single rivet fixing
Medieval bronze beehive thimble
Saxon lead gaming piece
Medieval lead hanging weight
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
1776 Russian lead bale seal
2nd C Roman knee brooch
1550-1650 buckle
1550-1650 buckle
16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver groat
1731 French Louis XVIII 3 tour silver coin
1422 Henry VI hammered silver penny - quatrefoil with pellet at centre reverse cross
1831 William IIII milled silver 6 pence
Army fuseliers cap badge LF
 
19thC livery button
19thC livery button
19thC bone button
 
Stunning 16thC seal matric - R H
1688 James II milled silver 2 pence
1603 James 1st lead token

1247 Henry III hammered silver cut short cross half penny

Obv * ON CA - Canterbury mint

1907 Edward VII milled silver sixpence

 

17thC decorated belt slide
Roman latch key

1209- 1216 John as King of ireland hammered silver penny- Rex coinage

Obv IOHANNED(S)REX

Rev DIVE - Dublin mint Moneyer ROBERD

17.84mm, 1.29g

Very interesting Roman lead token sent off to Mark Lehmsn for his views - Potin ?

 

Roman lead token
Saxon decorated strap guide - 2 rivet fixings
1000 BC Bronze age socketed axe fragment
Roman silver coin - in the 'cooker' clean it
1581 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 6 pence
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
15thC open topped thimble
Medieval gilded harness pendant

Kings Royal rifle Corp

1881- 1958

1340 1450 Medieval buckle with composite plate

 

 

Interesting finds c10thC - 2 Saxon harness cheek pieces from the same field and they appear to be from the same maker
1550-1700 mount with 5 integral lugs
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
17thC 5 shilling silver bullion weight - 5 V
1560-61 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Cross Crosslet inital mark

 

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver farthing

0.38g,11.76mm

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/CON London mint

1341 Edward III hammewred silver florin penny

Obv EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1.26g, 18.59mm

Well worn Roman BC period Republican silver coin - hopefully there is some detail under the crust after it is 'cooked'

Roman 1st/2nd C silver coin as dug and 'cooking' to remove crust

1550-1650 buckle
1660 - 1800 buckle
1350- 1400 buckle
1550-1650 buckle
General post office button
Victorian mount
19thC livery button
Georgian cufflink
17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
19thC buckle
1921 George V milled silver shilling

1726 gold mourning ring - Legend with black enamel reads

TIM COOKE 1726 AGE 73

2.07g, 20.34mm dia

Celtic gold qtr stater 13.56,1.29mm - not sure of tribe yet, sent to Celtic coin index for recording and ID

'Your latest quarter is the 'Heybridge Horse' type, not in VA or any of the other catalogues as you say. There are eight others known of the standard type with a pellet below the horse plus a unique variety with a spiral below. All the known finds are from Essex so it's almost certainly a Trinovantian issue that probably circulated alongside late Whaddon Chase staters of VA 1498-1502 type to judge from the very similar horse; datewise probably struck somewhere in the 40s BC.

I've been using up the last of the 09 Index numbers so you can have the first of my 2010 numbers for this one, 10.2000.

All the best

John '

1603 James 1st hammered silver penny

 

 

Huge medieval key 76.34mm
1573 Elizabeth hammered silver sixpence
1841 Victoria milled silver sixpence
1872 Victorian milled silver sixpence
17thC Charles II silver button - reported as treasure to Colchester museum

Medieval decorated strap end
1550-1650 buckle

Medieval gold finger ring - reported as treasure to Colchester museum

1.71g,15.40g

19thC Essex regiment button

1876-1894

Honour; if the head of a "blackamoor" or Moor, refers to deeds of prowess in the Crusades

Livery button

Firmin & Sons Ld
153 Strand London

20thC token

HILDYARDS MEAT BISCUIT FOR DOGS

17thC Horse finial
Saxon lead pendant - single loop hole
17thC golded mount with 2 integral lugs
Knife blade guard
Roman helmet trim
Medieval casket key
1828 Russian lead bale seal
Medieval gilded harness pendant
19thC livery button
19thC livery button
Roman Baldric mount

Lead trade weights- Roman to medieval

1640 lead Civil war period lead gunpowder measure
Roman tie loop - 2 rivet fixings

 

 

17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
16thC sword belt fitting
Georgian buckle
Georgian buckle

1247 Henry III hammerted silver shortcross half penny

Obv HENRICVS REX

Rev **N.ON.C( - Canterbury mint

17thC lead token
Roman lead token
 
1667 'His Halfpenny'hammered copper trade farthing
 

Boston Beau finds gold

 

16th/17thC gold ring - no hall marks 1.75g, 18.51mm dia - reported to Colchester museum as treasure
2ndC Roman fibular brooch - casting flaw

1351 Edward III Pre treaty Series A - hammered silver penny

Annulet to centre of 3 pellets in each qtr of reverse

Obv EDWARDVS REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

 

17thC Joseph Wolford, Mercers of Toppesfield Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb Fig 1407 Part II

Ancient gold ingot - 0.76g, 10.76mm long

Chunk of ancient gold - reported to Colchester museum as treasure

Medieval lead hanging weight
C10thC Saxon brooch
1550-1650 buckle
Medieval decorated spur rowel
Mid 4thC Barbarious radiate Romn bronze coin
17thC Continental jetton - not checked ref books yet
2ndC Roman fibular brooch
Very interesting gilded Roman bronze piece - one for the museum

19thC silver signet ring - Birmingham hall mark - worn date letter

4.60g

Maker NBs

1560 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
1485-7 Henry VII hammered silver groat
18thC Continental copper coin

Interesting 18thC Conder token - not one I know so have to do some more research

Obv - Man using a weaving loom

17thC belt slide

17thC William Moore , bays maker of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb Fig 1202 Part II

Georgian hammer type pipe tamper
16thC Tudor clothing fastener
Medieval mount - rivet fixing

 

1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Group D CR by shield

Aberystwyth mint - single pellet

Interetsing decorated Roman bronze piece - implement handle ?

Stunning 16th/17thC decorated silver bodkin needle - reported as treasure to Colchester museum

2.79g, 70.64mm L

1844 Victoria milled silver sixpence
Interesting gilded mount - one for the museum

Using the 'distilled water ' method to clean up two Roman bronze with detail - still soaking to remove the rest of the crud

 

The larger of the two is Faustina the Elder - wife of Antoninus Pius.  She did her duty as a Roman matron and popped-out a lot of Imperial larvae, then (conveniently for him, it would seem - although we have no evidence of him taking any advantage of his most-eligible-bachelor status) she died in 141 AD, only 3 years after Antoninus donned the purple.  Among her daughters was Faustina the Younger, wife of Antoninus' successor, Marcus Aurelius.  This coin was part of the relatively huge posthumous coinage Antoninus minted in her honor throughout his long reign (138-161).  The reverse shows Juno standing left, holding a patera and resting on a scepter.
 
The smaller piece, an As it would appear, is Antoninus Pius - other than what I think is a pair of legs - indicating a standing character of some sort - I'm afraid I can't make sense of the reverse from the photo - if it is cleaned any further, or you can get a photo which makes whatever detail there may be seem more clearly visible, I can give you at least a guess as to what the reverse type might be.
 
Mark
Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD) AE As, 26mm, 10.50gm, BRITANNIA COS III; SC (in ex). Britannia seated left on rock in attitude of dejection, chin propped on right hand and left hand resting on rock; in background, shield and vexillum. RIC II 934, SR 4296, VM 119.
 
These are not "rare", or even really scarce, but they tend to sell for much more than comparable contemporary pieces due to the Britannia reverse.  This design was struck on all of Antoninus' AE denominations and the sestertii can be quite pricey - particularly if they're in nice condition.
 
There is also a Britannia reverse from Hadrian's "grand tour" series, but those are rare - and very expensive.
 
I'll get back to you when I've had a chance to analyze the photos you attached to today's mail.
 
Mark

 

Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD) AE As, 26mm, 10.50gm, BRITANNIA COS III; SC (in ex). Britannia seated left on rock in attitude of dejection, chin propped on right hand and left hand resting on rock; in background, shield and vexillum. RIC II 934, SR 4296, VM 119.

 
These are not "rare", or even really scarce, but they tend to sell for much more than comparable contemporary pieces due to the Britannia reverse.  This design was struck on all of Antoninus' AE denominations and the sestertii can be quite pricey - particularly if they're in nice condition.
 
There is also a Britannia reverse from Hadrian's "grand tour" series, but those are rare - and very expensive.
 
I'll get back to you when I've had a chance to analyze the photos you attached to today's mail.
 
Mark

 

17thC crotal bell with foundary mark
1550-1650 buckle
1550-1650 buckle

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - type 10cf

Obv EDWAR R ANGL DNS HYB

Obv VILLA/SCIE/DMV/NDI - Bury St Edmunds mint

Medieval hammered long cross silver penny

 

17thC , Elias Mootier of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb Fig 1208 Part II

 

Mediival Irish hammered silver penny
Georgian spur
Interesting decorated mount - not sure of it's date
Saxon lead token
20thC girl guides badge
1696 William III milled silver love token
Georgian watch winder
15thC lead token - long cross and pellet type 2

 

Interesting decorated widget ?
Rare find 19thC Ipswich Loyal Volunteers army button

Medieval seal matrix

Anonymous: letter I early 15thC. An initial with crown above, branches at the side, was a design that became increasingly common in the 15thC and was often used on a signet ring as below. The letter suggests it stood for the owners forename. This example was used in 1424 by Edward Saddler, clerk

Tiny 1279 Edward 1st hammered sterling silver farthing - new issue with inner circles both sides Type 28

Obv EDWARDVS REX

Rev CIVI/TS/LON/DON - London mint

11.37mm, 0.17g

1351-2 Edward III hammered silver half groat - 4th coinage Series C

Obv EDWARDUS REX FRANC

Rev CIVI/TS/LON/DON - London mint

21.71mm, 2.29g

20thC Colchester & Essex Co -op society 1 pence token

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny

Obv EDWR ANGL DNS HYB

Rev CIVI/TS/LON/DON - London mint

 

Medieval gilded mount - 4 rivet fixings
Medieval buckle with integral plate - some gilding remains - 2 rivet fixing
Medieval hammered silver penny - York Archbishop issue - Quatrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross - CIVI/TAS issue
1945 George VI milled silver shilling (12 pence)

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