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Clothing and dress fasteners

Hook fasteners seemed to have disappeared from about the time of the Norman Conquest. However they resurfaced in the 15thC and reached their height to popularity in the 16thC. The hook and eye design has continued right up to present day.

 

Celtic and Roman fasteners

Stunning find - Celtic dragon headed toggle clothing fastener - 42.55mm L x 36.99mm H 27.37g

1stC AD Celtic enameled clothing fastener

 

Dress toggle - 1st/2nd century AD- Romano British a variant 29 Hattatt.

 

British Celtic 'Pierced Bulb' Toggle Fastener

Circa 1st century BC-1st century AD. A cast fitting in the form of a pierced bulb with medial indent extending to a thick, round-section discoid terminal. Such fittings were used as toggles to fasten garments, passing through a slit or loop. Reference: cf. looped variants in Murawski, P. Benet's Artefacts of England and the United Kingdom

Early medieval Class A Type 2

Circular

Early medieval Class M Double sharp hooked clasp

 

 

 

Late medieval Class A Type 1 Double sharp hooked clasp

Early Post medieval Class D Type 1

Rectangular

Gilded silver

 

 

 

 

 

Early Post medieval Class B Type 3

Triangular

 

   

Early Post medieval Class B Type 2

Circular

Early Post medieval Class C Type 3

wire single sharp hooked clasp

   

Early Post medieval Class E Type 1

Rectangular

 

Early Post medieval Class E Type 3

Circular/Sub circular

 

Early Post medieval Class E Type 2

Shield shaped

   

Early Post medieval Class E Type 5

Trefoil

 

   

Early Post medieval Class E Type 6

Quatrefoil

Early Post medieval Class E Type 7

Heart-shaped

Early Post medieval Class E Type 8

Figurative

 

 

   

Early Post medieval Class K Type 2

Circular

Early Post medieval Class K Type 4

Heart shaped

Early Post medieval Class A Type 1 and toggles

 

Early Post medieval Class A Type 7

Early Post medieval Class A Type 8

Early Post medieval Class A Type 10

 

17th C clothing fasteners

Early Post medieval Class A Type 2

 

 

 

Early Post medieval Class K Type 2

Circular

 

16thC Tudor clothing fastener with religious inscription

 

IHS: dating from the 8th c., this is an abbreviation for "IHESUS," the way Christ's Name was spelled in the Middle Ages (despite popular belief, the monogram stands neither for "Iesus Hominum Salvator" --"Jesus Saviour of Men" -- nor for "In His Service.") Popularized by St. Bernardine of Siena, the monogram was later used by St. Ignatius of Loyola as a symbol for the Jesuit Order.

The IHS monogram is an abbreviation or shortening of Jesus' name in Greek to the first three letters. Thus ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, ιησυς (iēsus, "Jesus"), is shortened to ΙΗΣ (iota-eta-sigma), sometimes transliterated into Latin or English characters as IHS or ΙΗC.

The symbol is said to appear rarely in the catacombs, only in the catacomb of Priscilla and the atrium of the Capella Gr�ca (Greek Chapel).1 It was popularized in the fifteenth century, however, by Franciscan disciple Bernadine of Sienna as a symbol of peace. In 1541 St. Ignatius Loyola adopted the symbol with three nails below and surrounded by the sun as the seal of the Jesuit order.

Contrary to some authors, the monogram originally stood for neither for Iesus Hominum Salvator ("Jesus Savior of Men") nor for "In His Service." Some attribute its origin to Constantine's vision, where he saw a cross with the inscription "In hoc signo vinces" ("in this sign you shall conquer,"2 which is abbreviated, according to them, as IHS. However, this seems to require a stretch, as do claims that it is really a pagan symbol. The simplest explanation, as an abbreviation of Jesus' name, is best.

Unknown

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