Metal detecting holidays in England

with the Worlds most successful metal detecting club

Twinned with Midwest Historical Research Society USA

Mary 1553 to 1558
The first queen to rule England in her own right, she was known as 'Bloody Mary' for her persecution of Protestants in a vain attempt to restore Catholicism in England.

As daughter of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Mary's life was radically disrupted when Henry divorced Catherine to marry Anne Boleyn. He claimed that the marriage was incestuous and illegal, as Catherine had been married to his dead brother, Arthur. The Pope disagreed; in 1534, Henry broke with Rome and established the Church of England.

Henry's allegations of incest effectively bastardised Mary. After Anne Boleyn bore Henry another daughter, Elizabeth, she forbade Mary any access to her parents and stripped her of her title of princess. Mary never saw her mother again.

However, in time Anne also fell out of favour. Henry offered to pardon Mary if she would admit the illegality of his marriage to her mother. Reluctantly, she agreed and Henry rewarded her with a household suitable to her position. In 1544, although still considered illegitimate, she was granted succession to the throne after Edward.

Edward VI succeeded his father in 1547 and, under the protectorate of the Duke of Northumberland, zealously promoted Protestantism. Mary, however, was an equally devout Catholic. When it became clear that Edward was dying, Northumberland made plans for his daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, to take the throne in Mary's place.

Upon Edward's death in 1553, Lady Jane Grey was briefly acclaimed queen. The country disagreed. Within days Mary made a triumphal entry into London. Once queen, she was determined to re-impose Catholicism and marry Philip II of Spain V. Neither was popular: Philip was foreign and distrusted and many in England had a vested interest in the Protestant church, having received church lands and money after Henry dissolved the monasteries.

In 1554 Mary crushed a rebellion led by Sir Thomas Wyatt. Making the most of her advantage, she married Philip, restored Catholicism and revived the laws against heresy. Over the next three years, some 300 Protestants burned at the stake, earning her the nickname 'Bloody Mary'. Blamed personally for the slaughter, she and Philip grew increasingly hated. An unsuccessful war lost Calais, England's last toehold in France. Childless, sick and depressed, Mary died in November 1558. Her hopes for a Catholic England died with her.

 


First one of this type we have ever found - used as a halfpenny

Obv Rose

1554 Mary hammered silver 'Base' penny

 

Groat ( 4 pence)
1553-54 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1553 Mary hammered silver groat
1554-58 Philip & Mary groat
1553 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
Phillip and Mary hammered silver groat 1553-58 (r) found by me
Very worn 1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1553 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
Stunning 1554 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1553-4 Queen Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1553 Mary hammered silver groat ( 4 pence)
1554 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1553 Mary hammered silver groat ( 4 pence)
1553 Mary hammered silver groat ( 4 pence)
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary groat
1553-5 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)-pomegranate mint mark

1553 Mary hammered silver groat

1.98g, 24.26mm

1554 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1553 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1553 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1554 Mary hammered silver groat (4 pence)
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1553 Mary hammered silver groat - Pomegranate mint mark 1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat 1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat 1554 Mary hammered silver groat
1554-8 Philip and Mary hammered silver groat 1553 Mary hammered silver groat
Half Groat ( 2 pence) & Pennynies
1554 Queen Mary hammered silver half groat
1554 Mary hammered silver half groat
1554 Mary hammered silver groat
Mary hammered silver penny 1530 AD(y)
Mary hammered silver penny 1530 AD(d)
Tiny 1553 AD Mary hammered silver penny (b)
Mary 1550's silver hammered penny
   
1550's Mary silver hammered penny(y)