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Silver half groats ( 2pence) examples
Groat or Silver Twopence
First issued by Edward III in 1351 and still produced today for the Maundy Ceremony.
The design with a facing portrait of the King on the obverse and a long cross on the reverse remained very much the same until 1502 when a profile bust of Henry VII was shown in much greater detail than the stylised portraits of earlier issues.
During the reign of Charles I Briot produced a pattern that in silver saw some circulation.
Charles II continued the use of interlocking C's, while James II had a crown over the roman numeral II which is also a play on his initial the J and I were effectively the same character at that time.
Ever since 1689 the reverse has shown a crowned numeral 2.
The last issues for general circulation took place during the reign of George III, although some may have been struck for colonial use. The denomination is still struck as part of the Maundy coinage.
The present Maundy coin weighs 0.9 g and is 13 mm diameter.
1352-1353 Edward III hammered silver half groat - Pre treaty series D
Obv EDWARDVS REX AIIGL Z FRACI
Rev CIVI/TAS/LOND/DON - London mint
1361- 1369 Edward III hammered silver half groat - Treaty B London Coss Potent
Trefoil on breast - double annulet stops and satires
Obv EDWARDVS REX ANGL DNS HYB
CIVI/TAS/LOND/DON - London mint
Henry IV 1399 - 1412 Heavy coinage Type F London mint hammered silver half groat
1434- 1435 Henry VI hammered silver half groat - 1.78g, 20.39mm
HENRIC DIN GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC HYB - leaf mascle type - Calais mint
1464-5 Edward IV hammered silver half groat-
Quatrefoils by neck- standard F type
obv EDWARD DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC HIBERINE
rev CIVITAS LONDON - London mint
1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver half groat
One jewelled, one unjewelled arch Type 3c
rev CIVITASCANTOR (Cantebury mint)
1508 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - York Archb Bainbridge
1509- 26 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - first coinage - two arches unjewelled
rev CIVITAS CANTOR (Canterbury mint) POSUI DEUM (Archbishop William Warham)
1526-44AD Henry VIII hammered silver half groat 2nd coinage Archb Warham
1.18g, 18.34mm Canterbury mint
1554 Queen Mary hammered silver half groat
1590-2 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
1603-4 James 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
1604-5 James 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
1639-40 Tower mint Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
1649 Commonwealth hammered silver half groat
Milled silver half groats
Early 1660 -2 Charles II milled silver half groat - this legend CAROLVS.II.D.G
|1721 George 1st milled silver two pence
1772 George III milled silver two pence
|1681 Charles II milled silver 2 pence
|1686 milled silver 2 pence
1838 Victoria milled silver Maundy two pence (half groat)
|1767 George II milled silver 2 pence