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17thC Tokens & Farthings

There was also a dire shortage of coins of small denominations, such as a housewife needed for everyday shopping, a problem that had been increasing since James I’s day. The few copper farthings produced were all under license to various nobles, and the supply of them was not sufficient to fill the demand. Shopkeepers evolved a pragmatic solution: trade tokens. In the 1660’s there were 3,543 ‘tokeners’ in the City of London, its suburbs and Westminster.

These tokens were usually made of lead, tin or copper, although some were of leather. They were usually worth a halfpenny or farthing (only the coffee-houses found it worthwhile to issue 1 penny tokens). They were small and came in a variety of shapes – round, heart-shaped, diamond, square or hexagonal. Shopkeepers kept boxes with compartments for each issuer (usually only for those tokeners in the same area, not all 3,543!) When they had enough they returned them to the issuer, who changed them for silver or notes of hand. In March 1668, Prince Rupert and the Duke of Norfolk suggested to the King that they should make ‘current farthings’ to prevent ‘the loss and inconvenience by private tokens in case of removals etc., as appeared in the late Fire of London.’ However, it was not until 1672 the mint started issuing the first copper farthings. The following references may be of help if readers wish to pursue the interest further:

The Provincial Token-Coinage of the Eighteenth Century, by Dalton & Hamer
British Tokens and Their Values, Seaby
The Nineteenth Century Token Coinage by W.J.Davis
Silver Token-Coinage 1811-1812 by R.Dalton

Norweb Collection - Vol 1 to 5 Tokens of the British Isles 1575 - 1750

This is a very rare 17thC trade token as the Norweb ref books do not show any tokens issued for Hadleigh - great find

1667 Thomas Martin of Hadleigh Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv THOMAS MARTIN

Rev TS

1667 OF.HADLEIGH

Unlisted in Norweb 17thC John Hubert , IHB - hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Colchester Essex and surrounding areas - hammered copper trade coins
17th copper trade farthing 'Martin Langley' in 'East Colchester Streete'(East Hill) 1.07g
1668 Alex Satterthwaite of Colchester hammered copper 1/2 penny
1654 Tho Lambe in Colchester hammered copper trade farthing

St Botolph's Gate neighbourhood 1.12g

AT BVTTIS GATE

1667 Langley, Albra bay maker Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1656 John Lambe Colchester hammered farthing
1656 John Lambe Colchester hammered farthing
17thC Jonas Whale - baker of Colchester hammered copper trade token - not dated type
1658 Nathaniel Strickson Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Isaac Colman, grocer, apothecaries - Colchester hammered copper trade farthing - undated type
1664 Colchester type hammered copper trade token
Mid 17thC Elias Moortier of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing - undated type
1662 Jacob Miller of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1656 John Lambe of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1660 Francis Arwaker of Chelmsford hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Peter Pelle, bay maker of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Joseph Wolford, Mercers of Toppesfield Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb Fig 1407 Part II

17thC Michael Arnold of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Ref Norweb 1157b

1656 John Lambe of Colchester Essex hammered trade farthing
1667 Albra Langley of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1665 John Milbanch of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing

1654 Theo Lambe of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Town spelt COULCHESTER

17thC Peter Robinson, grocer of Chelmsford Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1667 Albra Langley, bay maker, of Colchester Essex hammered coppe rtrade farthing 1656 Francis Clarke of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1667 Alaba Langley, bay maker of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC William Ambrose hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb i 549

17thC Jacob Vol, bay maker, of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Ref Norweb 1230

17thC Richard Bush in Colchester hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb 1164

1667 ' His half penny' hammered copper trade half penny 1667 Albra Langley, bay maker, of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Christopher Bayles of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing 17thC hammered copper trade farthing

1668 Voll Abraham of Colchester Essex hammered copper farthing

Ref Norweb 1233a

1656 John Lambe of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Colchester hammered copper trade farthing 17thC Richard Cock of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
17thC hammered copper trade farthing 17thC hammered copper trade farthing
17thC hammered copper trade farthing 17thC hammered copper trade farthing
1680 hammered copper trade farthing 1662 hammered copper trade farthing
1666 Thomas Peeke of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Jonas Whale of Colchester Essex, baker, hammered copper trade farthing

Rev IWS

Norweb 1234a

 

1666 'His half penny' hammered copper trade half penny

Polock 'Thisellworth'

 
Elias Moortier of Colchester Essex
17thC Elias Moortier , bays maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
William Moore , bays maker of Colchester Essex

17thC William Moore , bays maker of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Norweb Fig 1202 Part II

 

John Lawerence, Colchester
1662 John Lawerence Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
John Sewell, grocer Colchester
1653 John Sewell, grocer Colchester hammered farthing
Nathaniel Lawrence of Colchester

1662 Nathaniel Lawerence Colchester hammered copper trade farthing

 

William Ferris of Colchester

1665 William Ferris of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing with a William Moore bays maker back - Wrong dies used

obv FWM with rev MWM ?

1665 William Ferris of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1665 William Ferris of Colchster Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1665 William Ferris of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1665 William Ferris of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1665 William Ferris of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing
Vol Jacob baymaker Colchester

 

17thC Vol Jacob baymaker Colchester hammered farthing- undated type 0.75g

17thC Vol Jacob baymaker Colchester hammered farthing- undated type 0.75g
Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
17thC Thomas Reynolds bay maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
17thC Thomas Reynolds bay maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
17thC Thomas Reynolds bay maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
17thC Thomas Reynolds bay maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
1666 Tomas Peeke of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Henry Lamb of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Manningtree - Essex hammered copper trade halfpenny

1669 Manningtree - Carter Henry, surgeon (CHYRVRGEON) 'His halfpenny' hammered copper trade token

Volume II - 1319a Barber/Surgeon

1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing

1669 Manningtree - Carter Henry, surgeon (CHYRVRGEON) 'His halfpenny' hammered copper trade token

Volume II - 1319a Barber/Surgeon

1669 Manningtree - Carter Henry, surgeon (CHYRVRGEON) 'His halfpenny' hammered copper trade token

Volume II - 1319a Barber/Surgeon

1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Esex hammered copper trade farthing

1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv I.E 1653

1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv I.E 1653

1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
 
1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing  
Thorpe le Soken - Essex

17thC George Nicholson hammered copper trade farthing - grocers, Thorpe le Soken Essex - not dated type

17thC Joh Smith, chandler of Thorpe Le Soken Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv ISS

Reg Norweb 1402

Barking - Essex
1650 Nicholas Cler of Barking Essex hammered copper trade farthing

1665 William Reeca of Barking Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv WRV

Braintree - Essex
17th C William Osborne, baker of Braintree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
Harwich Essex trade farthing

1666 John Rolfe of Harwich Essex hammered copper trade farthing

1664 William Herbert of Harwich Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Dedham - Essex hammered copper trade farthings
Samuel Salter of Dedham
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham hammered Copper trade farthing
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham hammered Copper trade farthing
 
1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing  
Joseph Gleson of Dedham
   
Nathaniel Backler of Dedham
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing

Incorrect mulled Dedham trade farthing

17thC Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv NB

Rev DT

 
1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing  
1664 Dedham token - unrecorded type - Great find
17thC Sible Hedingham - Essex hammered copper trade farthings
 
1667 William Cant of Sible Hedingham hammered copper trade farthing

 17thC Thomas Hewes, of Hedingham Castle hammered trade farthing

17thC Clacton - Essex hammered copper trade farthings

1664 William Munt of Clacton 0.92g

Legend - MVCH CLAFTON IN ESSEX

17thC Harwich - Essex hammered copper trade farthings
1652 John Vandewall of Harwich hammered copper farthing
1664 William Hurbert of Harwich Essex hammered copper trade farthing
1652 John Vanewall of Harwich Essex , (W/IM) hammered copper trade farthing
1652 John Vandewall of Harwich Essex hammered copper trade farthing
 
1652 John Vanewall of Harwich Essex , (W/IM) hammered copper trade farthing
 
17thC Wivenhoe - Essex hammered copper trade farthings

17thC Falcon, Parker John of Wevenhoe ( Wivenhoe) Copper trade farthing

P IM - Ref Norweb 1433

17thC Coggeshall - Essex hammered copper trade farthings

17thC Francis Lay of Coggeshall Essex hammered copper trade half penny -

Obv THIS FOR/HALF /A PENY

Rev Swan

Issuer died at the The Swan

Ref Norweb 1149

1670 William Guyon of Coggeshall Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Ref Norweb 1147

17thC John Digby grocer of Coggeshall Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Suffolk hammered copper trade farthings
1656 Ipswich hammered copper trade farthing - Nicholas Cooke
17thC hammered copper farthing of James Warwell of Boxwell Suffolk draper

17thC Ipswich hammered copper trade farthing

James Story, grocer

17thC Lancelot Felton , baker of Bergholt Suffolk hammer copper ½ penny token - undated type
1670 Ipswich copper farthing
17thC Thomas Burrough, grocer of Ipswich Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing - undated type
Mid 17thC Mathew Halliet of Nayland copper hammered trade farthing - undated type
1670 Ipswich copper farthing

17thC Robert Terry of Ufford ,Grocer of Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing - RTM

 

Very interesting unlisted 1654 John Ray of Sudbury (spelt SUDBBURY) Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing Norweb 4482 (1667)
685 John Burrough, Grocers of Ipswich Suffolk, hammered copper trade farthing Ref Noweb 4362a
17thC Lancelot Felton , baker of Bergholt Suffolk hammer copper ½ penny token - undated type - Ref Norweb

17thC Thomas Burrough, grocer of Ipswich Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing

Obv TBA - GROCER*IN IPSWICH

Norweb 4359

1655 Thomas Hubbart, grocers of Long Melford Suffolk – hammered copper trade farthing. Norweb 4412a
17thC Lavenham - Essex - hammered copper trade farthings
Mid 17thC John Girling of Lavenham Essex hammered copper trade farthing - undated type
17thC Stratford St Mary Suffolk hammered copper trade farthings
17thC copper trade farthing - John Candler of Stratford St Mary Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Groome, John of Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Groome, John of Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing

Legend reads John Groome Stoke Nailon

17thC Daniel Walker, Grocer of Woodbridge Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing
17thC Daniel Walker, Grocer of Woodbridge Suffolk hammered copper trade farthing
Maldon Essex copper farthing

17thC James Robjent grocers of Maldon Essex hammered copper trade farthing

17thC Dorset hammered copper trade farthings
1669 Weymouth Dorset - Francis Reed, Grocer, hammered copper trade farthing
17thC hammered copper trade farthing Bridport Dorset, William Bull
 
1667 Thomas Waterford of Marshfield Gloucestershire hammered copper trade farthing
 
Bury St Edmunds
 
Bury St. Edmunds, Frances Smith 1666 farthing token:
Obv: *FRANCES*SMITH around twisted wire inner circle, .*. 1666 .*. in three lines within.
Rev: *IN.ST.EDMONDS.BVRY around twisted wire inner circle, IN SVF FOLK in three lines within
 
Witham Essex hammered copper tokens

1668 'His halfpenny' hammered copper trade token

Richard Swinborne of Witham Essex

17thC William Wilkison of Harwich hammered copper trade farthing

Unknown type

Unknowns

ID'd it, It's a Jetton

 

Johan Jacob Dietzel of Nürnberg who made this sometime between 1711 and 1748.

Obverse "GEORG.DG.M.(.........)

Reverse: "IOHAN(N.I)ACOB.DIETZEL.RECHP.COUNTERS"

 

1666 hammered copper trade farthing

17thC hammered copper trade farthing - not ID'd it yet
Not listed WWM
Hammered copper foreign coin - W - MAION- H ??
1666 London hammered copper trade farthing
17thC trade farthing - not checked the books yet
17thC hammered copper 'His Half Penny' trade token

Unknown 1667 His Halfpenny hammered copper trade farthing

Rev RPM or RRM

1667 'in Wavenham' hammered copper trade farthing
1666 hammered copper trade farthing 17thC hammered copper trade farthing
1653 hammered copper trade farthing 17thC 'His halfpenny' hammered copper trade half penny
 
17thC hammered copper trade farthing  

17thC copper farthings

The First British Copper Coin


Under James I, copper farthings were produced. At first these were produced privately under licence from the Crown, first by Lord Harrington, then by Lennox.
The licence changed hands several times, and privately issued copper farthings continued to be produced under Charles I.
After Charles I got the chop, a copper farthing was issued by Oliver Cromwell, bearing his portrait.

1614-25 James 1st hammered copper farthing Type 3c Mintmark key

General type Obv. IACO D G MAG BR (IT)

Rev. FRA ET HIB REX

   
Charles 1st hammered copper Royal farthings

Charles 1st Royal farthing - Harp Type 3 Maltravers 'rounds' 1634- 36, woolpack mint mark

obv CAROLUS D G MAG BRIT

Rev FRAN ET HIB REX

Charles 1st hammered copper Rose farthings

1634 -36 Charles 1st Rose hammered copper farthing type 2

Obv CAEOLU D G MAG BRIT

Rev FRA ET HIBER REX