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The Tudor Period 1485-1603 Timeline link

Tudor finds database link

Tudors 1485 - 1603

Henry VII 1485-1509

Henry VIII 1509-1547

Edward VI 1547-1553

Mary 1553 to 1558 coins with some history click here

Elizabeth 1st 1558 - 1603 coins with some history click here

House of Tudor, 1485-1603
Henry VII 1485-1509 (grandson of Henry V, wife's second husband)
Henry VIII 1509-1547 (Henry VII's second son)
Edward V 1547-1553 (Henry's son by Jane Seymour)
Mary 1553-1558 (Henry's daughter by Queen Catherine)
Elizabeth I 1558-1603 (Henry's daughter by Anne Boleyn)

Henry VII 1485-1509
Henry VII was the founder of the Tudor dynasty and the king who succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses.

The son of Edmund Tudor, Henry was born after his father's death. He was brought up by his uncle, Jasper Tudor, who fled with Henry to France after the Lancastrian defeat in 1471. Following Richard III's usurpation of the throne in 1483, Henry promised to marry Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV. This united Richard's opponents and, in 1485, Henry landed at Milford Haven. He killed Richard at the Battle of Bosworth and was crowned in October 1485. Having secured parliamentary recognition of his title, he married Elizabeth of York in January 1486.

His throne was far from secure. His Lancastrian blood was illegitimate and he was constantly plagued with conspiracies. He consolidated his position by a treaty with France that provided both recognition and a handsome pension. Trade agreements with the Netherlands and a marriage treaty with Scotland cut off European support for Perkin Warbeck, a challenger for the throne. Finally, Henry secured a marriage treaty between his eldest son, Arthur, and the Spanish princess, Catherine of Aragon, in 1501. Although Arthur died the next year, the marriage went ahead, this time between Catherine and Henry's second son, the future Henry VIII.

Yet Henry had also to boost his finances: he knew he needed financial independence to free him from Parliament and creditors. Henry avoided war and increased administrative efficiency, promoted trade and enforced royal fiscal rights to the point of ruthlessness, leaving a fortune to his successor and a legacy of hatred for some of his financial ministers.

Money could buy power, but only the law brought respect. The royal council was reborn as the Court of Star Chamber and dealt with judicial matters. Special arrangements were made to promote better order in Wales and the North by setting up special councils and more powers were entrusted to the justices of the peace. Medieval rule, in which local law and custom dominated, was slowly being transformed into a single state subject to royal decrees. When he died in 1509, Henry left something quite new: a safe throne, a solvent government and a prosperous and reasonably united kingdom.

1490-1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Class IIIc, Tun mintmark, one arch jewelled one arch unjewelled

Obv HENRICUS DEI GRACIA REX ANGLIE ET FRANC DNS IBAR

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

19.80mm, 1.57g

Mint condition hammered silver half Groat, Looks like a Henry VII 1485 but I cannot ID it exactly in the book- drop me a mail if you are a hammered buff and can help(y)
1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat (2 pence)(y)
1485 Henry VII hammered silver penny

Henry VII 1486- 1504

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX A** Z FR- Tun Mintmark - Class II

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1.37g, 18.94

Henry VII 1487-8 full Groat Class IIIc with two half pennies of Henry III 1180 AD & Richard 1st 1189 AD

1493-5 AD Henry VII Class 1 hammered silver groat (4 pence).

2.6g - 25.21mm

1508 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - York Archb Bainbridge

1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver half groat

One jewelled, one unjewelled arch Type 3c

rev CIVITASCANTOR (Cantebury mint)

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat ( 2 pence) 1.21g 19.05mm

 

 

1485 AD Henry VII Sovereign penny - York, Archbishop. Rotherham, keys below shield type
1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - single arched crown 0.34g, 11.95g

1485 - 1509 Henry VII hammered silver penny - uncertain initial mark - star on brest

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1501 -1507 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - York Episcopal mint, Archbishop Savage, key each side of bust , double arched crown 1.24g, 18.26mm

Obv HENRICUS DEI GRACIA REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACHI - York

1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Archbishop Rotherham - Keys below shield - York
1490-4 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - F type London broken tressure to crown - Rose mint mark

1507-9 Henry VII Regular profile issue hammered silver groat - Triple banded crown - Pheon initial mark

2.90g, 27.51mm

Obv HENRIC VII DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRA

Rev POSUI DEUM ADIUTO(R)E MEU(M)

1490-1504 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny, Pansy mintmark

Bishop Richard Fox issue - letters by shield (1494-1501)

Obv King entroned holding septre and orb

Rev CIVI/TAS/DVR/REM - Durham mint

14.69mm, 0.50g

1490-1504 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny, No initial mark

Archbishop Rotherham issue - key beneath shield

Obv King entroned holding septre and orb,two double pillars

Rev York mint

1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny

York Archb Rotherham Keys below shield - single pillar

1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Halved lis and Rose initial mark

Obv King enthroned holding orb and sceptre - two double pillars

0.66g, 13.64mm

1490-1504 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny, No initial mark

Archbishop Rotherham issue - key beneath shield

Obv King entroned holding septre and orb,two double pillars

Rev York mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver penny - York Archb Rotherham. Key below shield , no pillar to throne.

1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Keys by shield - Archbishop Rotherham - no pillars to throne

York mint

Tiny 1485 Unrecorded Henry VII 'brushed hair' type hammered silver halfpenny - legend does match any known Henry's 10.88mm, 0.35g

Obv HENRICVS A / SIE x H**

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Keys by shield - Archbishop Rotherham - pillars to throne

York mint

1485 -90 Henry VII hammered silver half groat 19.80, 1.49g

CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint Class II

Archbishop Morton

1508 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Archbishop Bainbridge - cross keys below shield - Marlett mintmark - York mint

19.93mm, 1.38g

1504 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Crosslet mint mark - Tentaive issue - Double band to crown

Obv HENRIC VII DI GRA REX AGL Z F

Interesting Obv legend not in JJ North with AGL instead of ANGL - It matches half groat legend of the period

2.90g, 26.41mm

Henry VII groat and half groat size comparison- 4 pence and 2 pence

1490 - 1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Two arches unjewelled - Class IIIc

King and Archbishop Morton jointly ?

Obv HENRICVS DI GRA REX AGL Z

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny - wide hair, wide cleft reverse cross end

Obv HENRICVS REX

Rev **** ON/DON - London mint

 

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny - Cross furchee - Open crown

Obv HENRIC *** REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

0.39g,12.55mm

1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - open crown

Obv HENRICVS *****

Rev - CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

12.04mm, 0.29g

1504-9 Henry VII hammerd silver groat
1485 AD Henry VII Sovereign penny - York, Archbishop. Rotherham, keys below shield type

1493 -1498 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - crown, one arch jewelled, one arch unjewelled - Type 3b

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485 -1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

Tiny 1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - rev cross fourchee - wide hair bust - Type 3 single arched crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - keys below shield - Archb Rotherham

Obv CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1505-9 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Pheon mintmark
1485-7 Henry VII hammered silver groat
1493-5 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - RD by shield -Durham mint - Bishop Sherwood

1493-5 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Lis mintmark -

1485 - 90 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Satires by neck - Halved sun and rose initial mark - Open crown - Type 1b

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Two arches jewelled to crown - Type 3

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver farthing - double arched crown

Obv CIVI/TAS/EBO /RACI -York mint

1422 Henry VI hammered silver groat - annulets by neck

Rev VIL/LA/CAL/IS - Calais mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Two arches unjewelled

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - Single Arched crown- Cross ends fourchee

Obv hENRIC DI GRA REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON -London mint

1487-8 Henry VII hammered silver groat

1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - rev cross fourchee - wide hair bust - Type 3 single arched crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 - 1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Archb Savage

Keys by neck

Obv *** GRAxREXxANG **

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1485- 1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Long cross forchee

Archbishop Morton - rosette stops in legend

Rev /TOR/ - Canterbury mint

1493-5 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - rosette stops - Tun mint mark

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Lis mint mark
1485 Henry VII hammered silver penny fragment

1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Keys by shield - Archbishop Rotherham - no pillars to throne

York mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny- Brush hair - single arched crown

Obv hENRIC DI GRA REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

0.32g, 11.79

1485-1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Episcopal issue - King and Bishop jointly, Initial mark Tun, arched crown, plain reverse cross. Ornamental terminal

Obv + hENRIC DI GRA REX ANGLIE

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1505-9 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Pheon mintmark

1490 - 1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat- Two arches unjewelled crown

King and Archbishop Morton Class IIIc

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Two arches jewelled crown - Class IIIb - pansy

Obv hENRICVS DEI *****

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1502-4 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Marlet mint mark

York

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat (2 pence) 1502- 4 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Marlett mint-mark

1526 - 1544 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - Star both sides, radiant star Obv only

CD besides shield - Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall

Amazing find - ex rare Irish 1496-1505 Henry VII hammered silver penny- Late portrait issue. Large rose to centre of reverse cross.

Rose as pellets in reverse cross and rose to left side of crown - unknown type

These are crudely made and no example exists with a legend as they are so poor

This example has a partial legend of hYB EZ or badly formed REX.

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny- Brush hair - single arched crown- im.Pheon

Obv hENRIC DI GRA REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Double struck

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat

Archb Savage - keys by neck , no tressure:ornate lettering, mm martlet

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1483-5 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - double arched jeweled- Tun mint mark

CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485- 1509 Henry VII hammered silver half penny -single arched crown, long cross fourchee, wide hair

Rev AS/CA - Canterbury mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - rev cross fourchee - wide hair bust - Type 3 single arched crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver penny fragment - Archiepiscopal issue - York mint, Cross ends fourchee

Long cross

1485-90 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Halved lis and Rose initial mark

Obv King enthroned holding orb and sceptre - two double pillars

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny - Cross furchee - Open crown

Obv RIC ***

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 - 1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Archb Savage

Keys by neck

Obv HENRIC DI GRAxREXxANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1485 -1509 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - RD by shield

Throne has one pillar

Bishop Fox - Durham mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - single arched crown -Cross furchee 1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - single arched crown

1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - Keys by shield - Archbishop Rotherham - no pillars to throne

York mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - single arched crown

'brushed hair' type

Obv h *****
1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny 1485 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny

Fixed by our goldsmith

1504- 7 Henry VII hammered silver groat - two arches unjewelled to crown, Crosslet im Obv hENRIC DI GRA REX ANGLIE Z FR Rev CIVI/TAS/LOND/DON - London mint

1490 - 1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - two arches jewelled - no lis to 7 tressures, Tun mint mark

King and Archbishop Morton jointly - no stops

Obv hENRIC DI *** ANGL ZF

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver groat - Two arches to crown, only outer jeweled - Bust 3 (pupils to eyes, realistic hair)

Mint mark Rose - trefoil stops - trefoil stops to reverse legend

Obv + hENRIC DI*GRA* ******

Rev *CIVI/TAS*/*LON/DON- London mint

22.5mm, 2.58g

 

Interesting coin dug in pastureland so one face exposed to oxygen- one face has horn silver crust that needs 'cooking' to remove crust

1493- 1498 Henry VII hammered silver groat- Two arches unjewelled - Type 3b I.m pansy, new bust

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - Satire stops - London mint

1485- 1509 Henry VII 'brushed hair' type hammered silver halfpenny

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON

Tiny 1485 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - rev cross fourchee - wide hair bust - Type 3 single arched crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny - Cross furchee - Single arched crown

Obv HENRIC *** REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half groat

Archb Savage - keys by neck , no tressure:ornate lettering, mm martlet

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1485 Henry VII hammered silver half penny - Cross furchee - Open crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1490 - 1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Two arches unjewelled - Class IIIc

King and Archbishop Morton jointly ?

Obv HENRICVS DI GRA REX AGL Z

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

 

 

Henry VIII 1509-1547
In 1502, Henry VIII became heir to the English throne. Seven years later he was crowned King of England and quickly married to his dead brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon.

Although Henry himself was no soldier he found success with Wolsey who organised the first French campaign and proved to be an outstanding minister. Defeat of the Scots at Flodden in 1513 added a feather to Henry's cap. However, battle with France ultimately proved expensive and unsuccessful and Wolsey's ascendancy was cut short by Henry's need for a male heir and hence separation from Catherine of Aragon. This was achieved in 1533 against Catherine's wishes, leaving Henry free to marry Anne Boleyn.

The king's primary pursuit was an heir to the throne and it set in motion radical ecclesiastical change. With the help of Wolsey's replacement, Thomas Cromwell, Henry established himself as head of the Church of England and ordered the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Other reforms - such as the creation of the Council of the North and the Household and Exchequer - were also instigated during the 1530s. Within three years he had tired of Anne Boleyn and she was beheaded in 1536, accused of treason and adultery. Jane Seymour became queen and in 1537 produced an heir, Edward VI, who cost Jane her life and proved a sickly child.

Henry's rule was at times merciless and his suppression of dissidents was brutal. But religious change was not inspired by the king's piety, far from it; Henry's obsession was with power and the security of the throne and although the need for divorce tested Henry's allegiance to the Pope, a conversion to Protestantism was never a real prospect. Cromwell fell victim to this when in 1540 - after a fated alliance with the Lutheran Princes and the arrangement of a marriage between the king and Anne of Cleves - conservatism claimed superiority and he too was executed.

The final years of Henry's reign witnessed his physical decline and an increasing desperation to appear all-powerful. The 20-year-old Catharine Howard replaced Anne of Cleves as Henry's wife but she too faced the scaffold accused of adultery. A final marriage to Catherine Parr (despite Henry's physical ruin) was more harmonious although Catherine's religious leanings proved dangerous and might have brought her to the block if it wasn't for Henry's death. Further fruitless wars against Scotland and France emptied the coffers whilst at home the King attempted to play off the conservatives and radicals. Henry's legacy was bewildering - he failed to provide clear instructions regarding the rule of Edward VI and set in motion a chaotic and relentless religious upheaval.

1526- 44 Henry VIII 2nd Profile issue - London Mint Obverse shows reversed Roman D for C in HENRIC and in FRANC- Laker D hammered silver groat
1526- 44 Henry VIII 2nd coinage Laker E hammered silver groat
1509 Henry 8th hammered silver penny found by Boston Will (m)
1526 Henry VIII hammered half groat - Archb Cranmer (c)

1526-44AD Henry VIII hammered silver half groat 2nd coinage Archb Warham

1.18g, 18.34mm Canterbury mint

Henry VIII hammmered silver penny - Sovereign type London 0.49g - 15.53 mm
1528 Henry VIII hammered silver groat (4 pence)(c)
1509 Henry VIII hammered silver groat needs straightening to ID type
1526 AD Henry VIII hammered silver groat (4 pence) and a 14thC long cross 1/4 penny
1509 Henry VIII hammered silver penny
1509 - 26 Henry VIII first coinage 'Sovereign type' hammered silver penny

1509- 26 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - first coinage - two arches unjewelled

rev CIVITAS CANTOR (Canterbury mint) POSUI DEUM (Archbishop William Warham)

1.11g, 18.83mm

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver penny Sovereign type - London mint

0.67g, 16.47mm

1532- 42 AD Henry VIII hammered silver groat - 2nd coinage 2.68g, 25.18mm and a 1272 AD Edward hammered silver farthing 0.32g,9.52mm - Type 30h Obv EDWARDVS REX AN Rev CIVITAS LONDON

1526-44 AD Henry VIII hammered silver groat, second profile issue Type G

C in Henric is reversed D

obv HENRIC + VIII + D + E + AGL Z FRANC

rev POSVI DEV + ADITORE MEV

Satires on cross ends

1526 AD Henery VIII hammered silver half groat Canterbury, Archbishop Warham - WA by shield
1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Duram) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey
1526-44 AD Henry VIII hammered silver groat, second profile issue

1526-32 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat WA beside shield- Warham's Uncertain initial mark (Archbishop William Warham)

rev CIVITAS CANTOR - Canterbury mint (111)
1526 - 44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat (4 pence) 2nd coinage - mintmark Lis
1526 - 44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat, needs straightening to reveal exact type on obverse
1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver one pence - TW by shield - Durham Bp Wolsey
1526-9 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Rose mintmark - Type B - satires in reverse cross ends - Tower mint

1526-9 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Type B - satires in reverse cross ends

1533-42 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - arrow mintmark

1526-32 Henry VIII hammered silver halfgroat- cross patonce

Archbishop Warham - WA by shield -Canterbury mint

 

1526- 32 Henry VIII milled silver half groat - Cross patonce initial mark

WA by shield Archbishop William Warham - Ref JJ North 1802

Obv HENRIC VII DI GRA REX AGL Z FRA

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1.26g,19.39mm

2nd coinage 1533-1544 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - TC beside shiled - Archbishop Thomas Cranmer) Inital mark Catherine wheel

Obv HENRIC VII

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1.20g, 18.5mm

1508-14 Henry VIII hammered silver halfgroat - Marlett mint mark

Archbishop Brainbridge issue - keys below shield

 

1509 -26 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Pheon mint mark

2.87g, 26.93mm

1532-42 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - arrow mintmark

First period - London, Tower (POSUI)

 

1509-26 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Portcullis crowned initial mark

Portrait of Henry VII but name of Henry VIII

1509-26 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Portcullis crowned initial mark

Portrait of Henry VII but name of Henry VIII

1509 Henry VIII hammered silver halfpenny - 'Brush hair' bust - Cross fourchee

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

0.27g, 11.07mm

1554-47Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - Third coinage - spur from shield to inner circle

18.93mm,0.81g

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1533-44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - Catherine wheel mint mark

Archbishop Cranmer - TC besides shield

1526-1544 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Lis mintmark 2nd issue

London POSUI

 

1544- 1547 Henry VIII hammered silver groat -3rd issue

London

1533-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat fragment

1426-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - 2nd coinage

Obv King enthroned holding orb and sceptre - TW by shield

ArchBp Wolsey - Durham mint

1526-32 Henry VIII hammered silver halfgroat- cross patonce

Archbishop Warham - WA by shield -Canterbury mint

1487-8 Henry VIII hammered silver groat (4 pence) - Durham mint

1544-7 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - 3rd coinage

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Duram) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey
1547-51 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - posthumous issue
1544-7 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Third coinage
1509 -26 Henry VIII hammered silver groat 1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Arrow mintmark
1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Arrow mintmark

1526-32 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - Cross patonce mintmark

Archbishop Warham - WA by shield

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1509-26 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny Portcullis Crowned mint mark - 1st issue

Obv HENRIC DI GRA REX AGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1509 -26 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Pheon mint mark
1495 -8 Henry VIII hammered silver groat 1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - arrow mint mark
1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat 1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Rose mint mark
1547-51 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - posthumous issue 1495 -8 Henry VIII hammered silver groat
1509-26 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - TW by shield Archbishop Wolsey 1544-7 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - Third coinage
1509 - 47 Henry VII hammered silver groat fragment

1526-44 Henry VIII hammmered silver half groat- 2nd coinage - WA by shield Archbishop Warham

CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1526 - 1544 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign

penny - Star both sides, radiant star Obv only

CD besides shield - Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall

Unknown NEW type - mullet by crown

1509 - 26 Henry VIII hammered silver farthing - Mullet by crown - Long Cross Fourchee, brush hair - Portcullis initial mark - single arched crown

Obv HENRIC DI GRA AGL'

Rev CIVI/TAS/ ****

1533- 56 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Wheel mint mark - 2e

Archbishop Thoman Cranmer - TC at sides of bust

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Casnterbury mint

1526- 44 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Single arched crown - 'Brush' hair

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1509 -26 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - single arched crown

1509 -47 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny

TD besides shield - Bishop Ruthall - Durham mint

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver halfpenny - 'brush' hair - long cross fourchee - 2nd coinage - Type 1 B(f)

Obv + hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA'

Rev CIVI/TAS/**

0.33g,11.07mm

1544-7 Henry VIII hammered silver penny - 3rd coinage, debased issue - facing bust type

1509-26 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Cross fourchee , single arched crown

Obv hE ******

Rev CIVI/TAS EBO/RACI - York mint

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Durham) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey

1509 -26 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - TD by shield Bishop Thomas Ruthall

Durham mint

0.7g,15.33

Thomas Ruthall (Ruthal, Rowthall) (died 4 February 1523) was an English churchman, administrator and diplomat. He was a leading councillor of Henry VIII of England

Stunning strike of a 1526 -44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - arrow mint mark
1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Duram) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey 1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Duram) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey

1531-44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - profile issue

Archb Lee - EL by shield

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny- 2nd issue, brush hair - plain cross - uncertain type i.m.

Obv hDG ROSA SIE SPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1526 - 1544 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign

penny - Star both sides, radiant star Obv only

CD besides shield - Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Duram) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey

1533- 56 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny -

Archbishop Thoman Cranmer - TC at sides of bust

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1544 -7 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - Third coinage
1526- 44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - arrow mint mark

1531-44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - LE besides shield - key mint mark

Archbishop Lee

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - TC above shield

Obv CIVI TAS EBO RACI - York mint

1509-23 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - Radiant star

Durham mint

1526- 44 Henry VIII hammered silver halfpenny - 2nd coinage rev cross fourchee - Type 3 single arched crown

Obv *** ROSA xSIEx SPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1526-55 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - 2nd coinage - Lis mint mark - Type 1Bc ,Brush hair

Obv h'D'G'***A'

London mint

1526- 44 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Single arched crown - 'Brush' hair

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - (Duram) TW by shield Bishop Thomas Wolsey
 

1531-44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat - Archbishop Lee

LE by shield

 
Edward VI 1547-1553
Edward V was the only legitimate son of Henry VIII whose mother and Henry's third wife, Jane Seymour, died 12 days after his birth. He became king on his father's death in January 1547, but government fell to a council of regency arranged by Henry VIII before his death. In the event, Edward's uncle, Edward Seymour, duke of Somerset, wielded almost supreme power as regent, with the title of protector.

Somerset's first attempts to repeal treason and heresy laws brought a state of religious and social discord and he was forced to introduce the Prayer Book of 1549 and an Act of Uniformity to enforce it. Written by Thomas Cranmer, the Prayer Book hedged around the nature of the mass - service or sacrament - and just antagonised Protestants and Roman Catholics alike.

This unrest was worsened by an inflationary crisis that saw prices double between 1547 and 1549. In the summer of 1549, peasants in Cornwall and Devonshire revolted against the Prayer Book, while those in Norfolk rose up against economic and social injustices. When Somerset then agreed to an unsuccessful war with Scotland and France, he was arrested in October 1549 and executed for treason two years later.

Somerset's fall was engineered largely by the man who succeeded him - John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. He pulled England out its wars and ruthlessly cracked down on social dissent. Like Edward, he sympathised with the more extreme Protestant reformers, imprisoning Henry VIII's more conservative bishops and looting the church. The new Prayer Book of 1552 was avowedly Protestant; altars were turned into tables, clerical vestments were downgraded and religious orthodoxy was enforced by a new and more stringent Act of Uniformity.

However, in January 1553 Edward showed the first signs of tuberculosis. In May it had become evident that he was dying. Edward's legal successor was Mary, who would undo all of Northumberland's work. With Edward's support, Northumberland devised a new order of succession. They declared Mary illegitimate and passing the throne to Northumberland's daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, and her male heirs. It was a nice try but, following Edward's death on 6th July 1553, Lady Jane Grey was Queen for just nine days before Mary, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, won the kingdom's support and was crowned Mary I.

1551-3 Edward VI hammered silver shilling (12 pence) - mint mark 'y'

5.68g, 33mm

Huge Edward 1547 AD VI hammered silver shillling (12 pence)
Edward VI 1550 AD hammered silver penny
1547-53 Edward VI hammered silver sixpence forgery
 

1461-85 Edward VI hammered silver groat - Crown mint mark

London mint