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William IV Coins 1830 - 1837 

William IV (1765-1837)

William IV © William IV was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1830. He was known both as the 'Sailor King' and as 'Silly Billy'.

William was born at Buckingham Palace in London on 21 August 1765. He was the third son of King George III and Queen Charlotte and as such was not expected to succeed to the throne. At the age of 13 he began a career in the Royal Navy. He enjoyed his time at sea, seeing service in America and the West Indies and becoming admiral of the fleet in 1811. In 1789, he was created Duke of Clarence.

From the early 1790s until 1811, William lived with his mistress, the actress Dorothy Jordan. They had ten children who took the surname Fitzclarence.

In 1811, William's oldest brother George became prince regent (later George IV) when their father was declared insane. The death of the prince regent's only daughter in 1818 resulted in a scramble amongst George's brothers to marry and produce heirs. The same year, William married Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. With the death of George III's second son, William became heir and then, with the death of George IV, king in June 1830.

He was initially very popular, his insistence on a simple coronation contrasting with the extravagance of his brother's reign.

William's reign was dominated by the Reform crisis. It began almost immediately when the Duke of Wellington's Tory government, which William supported, lost the general election in August 1830.

The Whigs, led by Lord Grey, came to power intent on pushing through electoral reform against strong opposition in the Commons and the Lords. Another general election in 1831 gave the Whigs a majority in the Commons but the Lords continued to reject the Reform Bill. There was a political crisis during the winter of 1831-2, with riots in some parts of the country.

The king eventually agreed to create enough new peers to get the bill through the House of Lords, but the Lords, who had opposed it, backed down and it was passed. The 1832 Reform Act abolished some of the worst abuses of the electoral system and extended the franchise to the middle classes.

William died on 20 June 1837, without surviving children. His niece Victoria succeeded him.

Huge 1836 William IV milled silver half crown - (30 pence)

1834 William IV silver sixpence
1831 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1834 William IIII milled silver 4 pence
1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence (62)
William IV 1830 silver sixpence
William IV 1834 silver sixpence
1836 William IV silver shilling
1834 William IV milled silver 3 pence(z)
William IV milled silver 3 pence(c)
Tiny 1834 William IV milled silver three halfpence for Colonial use(d)
1836 William IV milled silver groat (4 pence)(y)
1836 William IIII milled silver groat (4 pence)
1836 William IIII milled silver groat (4 pence)
Milled silver size comparison
1836 William IIII milled silver groat (four pence)
1834 William IIII milled silver shilling (12 pence)
1837 William IIII milled silver groat (4 pence)
1836 William IIII milled silver groat (4 pence)
1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1836 William IIII milled silver four pence
1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1836 William IIII milled silver groat
1837 William IIII milled silver four pence
1836 William IIII milled silver four pence
 
1830 -1837 William IIII silver sixpence
1836 William IIII milled silver four pence
 
1834 William IIII milled silver 3 pence
1834 William IV milled silver 1 1/2 pence
1836 William IV milled silver 4 pence
1834 William IIII silver sixpence
1837 William IV milled silver groat
1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1835 William IIII milled silver 3 pence
1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1836 William III milled silver shilling (12 pence)
1834 William IIII milled silver groat (4 pence)
1831 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1834 William IV milled silver sixpence
1836 William IV milled silver four pence
1834 William IV milled silver sixpence
1836 William IIII milled silver four pence
1831 William IIII milled silver sixpence 1835 William IV milled silver sixpence
1836 William IV milled silver four pence 1837 William IV milled silver four pence
1835 William IV milled silver sixpence 1837 William IIII milled silver sixpence
1835 William IV milled silver sixpence 1835 William IV milled silver sixpence
1836 William IV milled silver four pence 1836 William IV milled silver four pence
1835 William IV milled silver three pence 1834 William IV milled silver three halfpence
1835 William IV milled silver sixpence 1835 William IV milled silver sixpence
 
1836 William IV milled silver four pence