Metal detecting holidays in England with the World's most successful metal detecting club.

Twinned with Midwest Historical Research Society USA


  • 2010 Oct finds page II

    Interesting large early medieval enameled mount with red, blue and green enamel remaining.

    Very different mounting set up with 4 integral lugs and a double folded lug.


    Interesting circle decorated Roman piece - appears to be a handle for a pot - one for the museum
    1500-1700 mount
    Military badge
    German navy ?
    15thC open topped thimble
    1550-1650 buckle
    1818 George III milled silver sixpence

    1938 London hallmarked silver Air Raid Police badge

    Thomas Chawner - maker

    Air Raid Protection Wardens were appointed through out Britain to assist the Police in protecting the public during air raids. In September 1935, as the possibility of a war increased, the British prime minister, Stanley Baldwin, published a circular entitled Air Raid Precautions (ARP) inviting local authorities to make plans to protect their people in event of a war.

    In April 1937 the government decided to create an Air Raid Wardens' Service and during the next year recruited around 200,000 volunteers.

    The duties of an Air Raid Warden included: Ensuring that the blackout was observed, sounding air raid sirens, ensuring that people went into public air raid shelters in an orderly fashion, checking gas masks, evacuating areas around unexploded bombs as well as helping to rescue casualties from bomb damaged properties, finding accomodation for people who had been bombed out, judging the extent and type of damage and informing the Control Centre to send out the rescue services.


    19thC livery button
    17th harness hanger
    17thC sword belt fitting
    1550-1650 buckle
    19thC railway button
    1558-60 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny
    c10thC Saxon lead gaming piece
    Medieval harness shield pendant - gold remains
    Huge 1827 King Petrus Portuguese 40 Reis coin -1/8 inch thick

    1562 Elizabeth hammered silver sixpence
    18thC toy cannon

    Composite mount

    Broad period: MEDIEVAL
    Period from: MEDIEVAL

    Period to: POST MEDIEVAL

    Date from: Circa AD 1300
    Date to: Circa AD 1600


    19thC Ottoman empire silver coin
    Medieval bronze ring with coloured stones
    George II trade weight - Crown G London
    19thC livery button



    The first patent recorded for the so-called Wire Cartridge was that of Joshua Jenour, Patent No. 5570 of November 28, 1827. 'The Cartridge is made of wire, woven with meshes so wide as to allow the shot to be scattered'. The Patent was bought and developed by Eley Brothers, the London firm who made percussion caps, and who then marketed their Patent Wire Cartridge for muzzle loading guns. The first published accounts of this new idea appear in the 1830 (6th Edition) of Colonel Peter Hawker's

    19thC livery button
    Royal Reg't of Artillery
    Generic Issue
    Officer & O/R's - 1831-1840

    Venetian Soldino hammered silver coin

    Rev: LAVS TIBI SOLI (Thee Alone be Praised). Haloed figure of Christ holding a cross.

    Obv: LE LAV DVX S M V (Leonardo Lauredan, Doge. St Mark of Venice.) Doge kneeling before Saint Mark.

    Medieval gilded harness pendant - interesting design I have not seen before with back plate
    Tiny 1799 Carlos IIII Spanish milled silver 1/2 Real- Seville mint mark
    18thC silver thimble - initials BP
    Georgian silver thimble

    1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny - too cracked to clean


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint


    1859 Victorian milled silver sixpence
    19thC lead Napoleon figurine
    Georgian button

    Hooked mount

    Date from: Circa AD 1600
    Date to: AD 1700

    1869 Victorian milled silver sixpence

    Medieval gilded buckle plate - single rivet fixing
    17thC decorated belt slide
    Medieval buckle
    C10thC Saxon harness cheek pice fragment
    Medieval hammered silver groat fragment - London mint
    1897 Victoria milled silver sixpence
    17thC spur rowell
    19thC Charring Cross Property insurance tag
    18thC bullion weight - Lion mark
    1805 Russian lead bale seal
    16thC stone matchlock shot
    Georgian silver thimble
    1687 James 1st milled silver 2 pence
    Medieval quartered hammered silver half groat - 1/2 pence
    1550-1650 buckle
    1560-6 Elizabeth hammered silver 6 pence
    1551-3 Edward VI hammered silver sixpence


    Huge fragment of Georgian silver - must be mirror frame

    Finally cleaned


    1stC BC Celtic gold 1/4 stater- sent to CCI for recording and ID

    Pictures as dug and after partial 'cooking'

    14.46mm, 1.40g

    This one has been allocated the CCI number 10.1044.

    It is a British G “Clacton” quarter, Hobbs 192 (he mis-identified it as an H quarter for some reason). At least 44 known before this – from right across the area most people would label as territory of the Trinovantes...





    Roman 2ndC silver coin - reported as part of an existing hoard to the museum



    I cannot clean this coin as it is hoard - sent to Mark Lehman for his views

    That's a denarius of Antoninus Pius, 138-161 AD.  He was responsible for building the 2nd wall, a bit north of Hadrian's, but constructing it from earth and wood rather than Hadrian's stone, I hear not much of it survives.
    The reverse legend, COS IIII, was used on at least some denarii in each year from 145-158 encompassing literally hundreds of separate types, so we need to try to read the obverse legend to get a better idea of the date.  As far as I can tell, enlarging and tweaking the photo, the obverse legend reads: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P [XII? through XXI?] - and of course, given Murphy's law of ancient coin legends, the part we really need to be certain about is the most unclear.  It appears to consist of 3 numerals, the 1st must be an X and I think the 2nd might be a V, so it seems fairly likely this was struck during Antoninus' 16th Tribunician year = 152-153 AD.
    On the reverse a personification stands left holding a cornucopiae on her left arm and -  well, Murphy again - we can't quite tell what's in her right hand because of the lamination damage to the lower left quadrant.  So, checking the list of COS IIII denarius reverses for 152/3 AD, the only one on which the personification holds a cornucopiae is Fortuna, and if so, she should be holding a rudder on a globe.  Checking a photo of that type which happens to be a plate in one of my references, I see that this is not the normal sort of rudder - it's very tall, as tall as Fortuna or more, and given the downward and outstretched attitude of the right arm on this personification it can't be Fortuna! - Back to the drawing board.
    Given the angle at which she holds her right arm, it almost certainly must be a branch she's holding, possibly a caduceus, but more likely a branch.  Checking a comprehensive list of A. Pius denarius types, I find that only in TR P XIX, do we have a type - Pax - holding a branch and cornucopiae - checking the obverse photo again, I must admit that, yes, it could just as well be XIX as XVI.
    So, what we're left with as our most likely possibility is 4th Consulship (from the reverse legend) and 19th Tribunician power - if we're correct on the combination, it would date the coin to 156 AD. 
    Therefore my best guess for attribution to catalog references would be RIC III 246, RSC 256, Pax holding branch & cornucopiae.
    At the least, I feel it's highly unlikely to date before 149 (TR P XII - Aequitas holding scales & cornucopiae or Felicitas holding caduceus and cornucopiae) or after 156 (TR P XIX - Pax, as above)
    Normally I'd be pretty happy to date a coin to a 6 or 7 year period, but given the dates which should be clearly visible on this coin, it's a little disppointing that I can't be more certain.  If it is possible for someone to examine the coin "in person" to confirm or refute the TR P XIX (about 5:00 obverse) theory, and/or supply us with a more accurate reading of the final 3 characters in the obverse legend, we could be more certain about the date. 


    HRH The Duke of York and HRH Pricess May marriage medallion

    6 July 1893

    Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Empress of India, as the wife of King-Emperor George V

    Huge 1892 Victoria milled silver half crown - (30 pence)
    1939 Birmingham hallmark gold RAF sweetheart badge
    1749 George II Irish half penny
    Huge 16thC Elizabeth 1st lead trade weight - Crown E cipher

    70BC Morini Celtic 'boat tree' gold qtr stater - Sent to CCI for recording

    1.48g, 10.86mm

    CCI 10.1045


    Gallo-Belgic Dc gold quarter stater. “Morini”, c. 60-50 BC.

    “Boat” and “tree” like designs

    Delestree & Tache 249, VA 69-1, Scheers 13, pl. 5.115-117.


    These are obviously pretty common finds all along the Thames/SE.



    Medieval hammered silver shortcross cut halfpenny
    16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
    Roman pin
    Georgian buckle
    Britain's Merchant Navy
    Generic Design Issue
    In use 1900 's onwards

    One piece Navy button



    Honi soit qui mal y pense (Old French: shame upon him who thinks evil of it)

    RN - Packet Service
    ( Mail & Supplies Delivery )

    Firmin & Co

    RN Capt / Commander - 1812
    RN Lieutenant - 1812
    RN Midshipman - 1812
    RN Volunteer Gr.I - 1812
    19thC livery button
    19thC Customs button
    18thC bayonet frog
    1564 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 2 pence
    1566 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 3 pence
    1816 George III milled silver sixpence
    1817 George III milled silver sixpence
    Victorian butterfly pendant
    1951 East Africa 10 cents copper coin
    39th Regiment of Foot
    ( Dorsetshire )
    O/R's - 1855-1881
    79th Regiment of Foot
    ( Cameron Highlanders )
    O/R's (W/M) - 1830-1855
    Officer (Silver)- 1830-1855
    18thC toy cannon
    MN - G & J Burns Ltd.
    In use 1842 - 1922
    Georgian silver faced cufflink
    Unrecorded 5th Dragoon guards button - Crimera wars period

    70BC Morini Celtic 'boat tree' gold qtr stater - Sent to CCI for recording

    Very interesting example being the lightest we have ever found and the smallest diameter. Normal weight range of a Morini is 1.41-1.45g

    Also a very different die type so it will be interesting to see the comments from the CCI experts

    1.23g, 9.22mm

    1580 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence
    17thC lead token - WH

    70BC Morini Celtic 'boat tree' gold qtr stater - Sent to CCI for recording

    1.45g, 10.80mm

    1485-1509 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - Brush hair Cross fourchee - Type 3c


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LONDON - London mint

    1796 Danish silver coin

    3rd C Roman silver sent off for ID


    This one is a DIANAE CONS AVG antoninianus of Gallienus (253-268 AD.)  This is part of the so-called "Gallienus Zoo" series of animal reverses.  This one appears to be either the gazelle or possibly the left-facing stag elk variety   These two are just a couple of the many animals found paired with this reverse legend.  The series invokes the aid of several gods - Apollo, Diana (this one) Jupiter, Liber (Bacchus) Neptune, Sol, etc, all with "CONS AVG" (protector of the emperor) and various animals on their reverses. 
    This series dates to 267-8 AD. and was produced at the mint in Rome.
    This is an interesting find as Britannia wasn't part of the Italian Roman Empire at the time this was struck. Britannia was part of the break-away Gallic Roman Empire at that time, so this piece evidently was in circulation for a few years until after the re-uniting of the Empire under Aurelian (c. 272-275) to have traveled to Britain.  Among Aurelian's reforms was a revamping of the silvered Æ coinage which had become barely better than bronze with a tiny percentage of silver under Gallienus and Claudius Gothicus, his successor.
    Books will call Gallienus' antoniniani "billon" - and so they were at the beginning of his relatively long reign which, in the beginning, was shared with his father, the unfortunate Valerian I.  After his father's capture by the Sasanid Persians c. 260, the antoninianus went through a swift series of debasements under Gallienus to become a coin containing so little silver it needed to be silvered to keep up the pretense of being a double-denarius.  Although officially silvered, Gallienus' later antoniniani are seldom encountered with any of their silvering remaining, and things may have finally become so bad that even the pretense of silvering may have been dropped at the end of his reign.  An occasional subject for contemporary copies as well, this one seems to be official.
    I'll refer you to this page in my website.   The organization I work for - Ancient Coins for Education, Inc, or ACE - recently received the donation of a fairly well-developed private collection of Gallienus' zoo coins.  Since the donor asked that we do our best to keep the group together, it is currently an adjunct exhibit to our travelling museum.  This is what the collection contained when it was donated.  We have since added a couple of types the original collector was missing.

    1341 Edward III hammered silver penny

    **** ANGL DNS HYB

    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1874 German 1 Pfennig coin
    Georgian silver thimble

    1352-53 Edward III hammered silver penny - Pre treaty or Post treaty - Quatrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross

    Obv **** ANGLI +

    Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

    1700 William III milled copper halfpenny

    1487 Henry VII hammered silver half groat


    Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

    1279 Edward hammerd silver farthing - Type 2


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1834 William IIII milled silver sixpence
    Medieval enameled circule decorated harness pendant mount - 2 integral lugs

    A copper-alloy mount

    Date from: Circa AD 1600
    Date to: Circa AD 1700

    1704 Queen Anne milled silver half crown (30 pence)
    1928 George V milled silver half crown (30 pence)
    Unknown 17thC hammered copper trade farthing - AR


    Gold ring - 1980 Birmingham hall mark - 22 carat 3.17g, 22.98mm dia

    Maker L&S Levi & Salaman Birmingham


    As dug


    Part 'cooked'

    Roman silver coin straight into the 'cooker' to remove the 'crust'


    Cooked and sent off to mark Lehman for ID - 2.14g,17.56mm



    This is a posthumous denarius in honor of Faustina the Elder, wife of Antoninus Pius.  They were married, presumably fairly happily for a Roman aristocratic couple, probably towards the end of Trajan's reign.  She bore him four children, although only Faustina the Younger, who was to marry Antoninus' successor Marcus Aurelius, survived until Antoninus became emperor in 138.  Faustina the Elder died in 141, only a few years after he was chosen as Hadrian's "emergency" successor, Aelius, Hadrian's chosen successor, having predeceased him.  Most of her posthumous coinage dates to after 147 AD, although for how long they continued to be issued is unclear.  There is speculation that the 10th and 15th anniversaries of her death were occasions for major emissions, so a date of either 151/2 or 156/7 is most likely.  The reverse of this DIVA FAVSTINA is AETERNITAS.  It shows the personification of Aeternitas standing left, holding a phoenix and lifting a fold of her skirt.  This posture is reminiscent of  Spes (hope) who typically holds a flower and lifts a fold of her skirt. Although Spes would be a very unusual and inappropriate reverse type for a posthumous issue. it is interesting in how it mirrors that posture.
    RIC III 347 & RSC 34.


    1908 Edward VII milled silver sixpence

    1242-1247 Henry III hammered silver shortcross penny - Class 8b, letter X in Rex cross pommee


    Rev **** OLE.ON.LVN - Moneyer Nicole of London

    C10thC Saxon harness stirrup mount

    1300-10 Edward 1st/2nd hammered silver farthing - Type 28f


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1561-5 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - Pheon mintmark

    1327 Edward III hammered silver penny - Cross 3

    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    WWII German Navy Kriegsmarine Button
    19thC customs button
    Size comparison of a milled silver halfcrown (30 pence) and a sixpence
    1929 George V milled silver half crown (30 pence)
    1921 George V milled silver sixpence
    1934 George V milled silver sixpence
    1913 George V milled silver sixpence

    Medieval Pilgrim ampullae - holly water bottle made of lead -12th to 15thC, Scallop shell type with merchant shield on reverse

    2 Georgian silvers thimbles inside each other
    French Napoleonic 85th Regiment of the line
    1836 William III milled silver shilling (12 pence)
    1899 Victoria milled silver sixpence
    1818 George III milled silver shilling (12 pence)
    1675 Charles II milled silver 3 pence
    1696 William III milled silver sixpence
    C13thC Medieval vessica seal matrix - appears to be a prancing Lion - soaking it in distilled water to clean up impression
    Wisdom, Strength Corporation mount ?
    Roman lead token
    Medeival ship type gold Nobel coin weight
    18thC Jew's harp
    19thC Chinese cash coin
    Roman buckle tongue
    Medieval chaffing dish handle fragment
    Georgian watch winder
    Crown VR military button

    Johan Conrad Hergen, master 1705 French style jetton 1705 -1743

    1592-5 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny

    1485-1509 Henry VII hammered silver halfpenny - Cross fourchee

    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1936 George V milled silver sixpence

    16thC Tudor clothing fastener with religious inscription


    IHS: dating from the 8th c., this is an abbreviation for "IHESUS," the way Christ's Name was spelled in the Middle Ages (despite popular belief, the monogram stands neither for "Iesus Hominum Salvator" --"Jesus Saviour of Men" -- nor for "In His Service.") Popularized by St. Bernardine of Siena, the monogram was later used by St. Ignatius of Loyola as a symbol for the Jesuit Order.

    The IHS monogram is an abbreviation or shortening of Jesus' name in Greek to the first three letters. Thus ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, ιησυς (iēsus, "Jesus"), is shortened to ΙΗΣ (iota-eta-sigma), sometimes transliterated into Latin or English characters as IHS or ΙΗC.

    The symbol is said to appear rarely in the catacombs, only in the catacomb of Priscilla and the atrium of the Capella Gr�ca (Greek Chapel).1 It was popularized in the fifteenth century, however, by Franciscan disciple Bernadine of Sienna as a symbol of peace. In 1541 St. Ignatius Loyola adopted the symbol with three nails below and surrounded by the sun as the seal of the Jesuit order.

    Contrary to some authors, the monogram originally stood for neither for Iesus Hominum Salvator ("Jesus Savior of Men") nor for "In His Service." Some attribute its origin to Constantine's vision, where he saw a cross with the inscription "In hoc signo vinces" ("in this sign you shall conquer,"2 which is abbreviated, according to them, as IHS. However, this seems to require a stretch, as do claims that it is really a pagan symbol. The simplest explanation, as an abbreviation of Jesus' name, is best.

    1422-1427 Henry VI hammered silver penny - annulets by neck - annulets in 2 qtrs on obv pellets - First reign annulet coinage



    1652, 8 Maravedis revalidated with VIII counterstamp on 8 Maravedis of 1625 of uncertain mint, Felipe IV (1621-1665) of Spain
    Medieval mount with 2 integral lugs
    Mid 4thC Roman bronze coin House of Constantine bronze coin
    15thC lead token - type 2
    1550 -1650 buckle

    1216- 1242 Henry III hammered silver penny - Class 7b


    Rev HENRI ON CANTE - Moneyer Henri of Canterbury

    More finds posted on 2010 Sept finds page

    More finds posted on 2010 Oct finds page I

    More finds posted on 2010 Nov finds page I