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  • 2016 March finds page

    1351-2 Edward III hammered silver groat - Type F



    CIVITAS LONDON (Mint) (inner)

    Roman bronze mount Italian States-Venice, Antonio Venier as Doge (1382-1400), Soldino, Venice Mint
    + . ANTO. VE_NERIO DVX .
    Doge standing left, holding banner, R across fields
    + . S . MARCVS . VENETI .
    Winged lion of St. Mark facing left, holding book with both front paws, all in inner circle
    Plain Edge
    1864 Victoria milled silver sixpence

    1205 William 1 The Lion - Scottish hammered silver penny

    Obv WILAM


    Moneyer Walter of Perth, Edinburgh and Roxburgh mints

    1580-1581 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence - Greek cross mint mark 16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence
    1573 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence- Eglantine mint mark

    1464-70 Edward IV hammered silver half penny- Light coinage


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LOND/DON - London mint

    13.13mm, 0.34g

    18THc Royal Artillery button 18thC clog fastener

    1501-1521 Leonardo Lauredan, Doge

    Rev: LAVS TIBI SOLI (Thee Alone be Praised). Haloed figure of Christ holding a cross.

    Obv: LE LAV DVX S M V (Leonardo Lauredan, Doge. St Mark of Venice.) Doge kneeling before Saint Mark.

    1485 - 1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Archb Savage

    Keys by neck


    Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

    1582-84 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - A mint mark

    1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny

    Rev AN+SAM - Moneyer Samvel of Canterbury mint

    Georgian fob chain gold plated stone decorative swivel
    Medieval buckle 1500-1650 buckle 4thC Roman bronze 'galley' coin

    Medieval decorated buckle plate

    Mid 4thC House of Constantine Roman bronze coin - two soldiers standing

    Doge Michele Steno (1400-1413).

    Obv: MICHAEL STEN' DVX (Michele Steno, Doge). Doge standing left, holding standard.

    Rev: S MARCVS VENETI (Saint Mark of Venice). Winged and nimbate lion of Saint Mark facing.

    13thC hammered silver sterling imitation

    Crockard - Chaplet of roses to crown

    Medieval hammered silver penny - Continental imitation , E(a) Sterling type



    1895 Victoria milled silver sixpence

    1816 George III milled silver love token

    This is the latest date love token coin I have seen

    Fascinating relic - 1901 - 1910 Edward VII pendant with young Edward and wife on one side and old Edward on other side

    16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat 1600 - 1720 buckle
    18thC clog fastener Post medieval German lead bale seal
    19thC liver button North Eastern Railways button 1550 - 1650 buckle
    Georgian silver thimble Medieval spur rowel 1500 - 1650 buckle

    1800 George III gold third guinea


    Victorian solid silver case lid 1500-1700 mount 20thC British Railways button
    1500-1700 mount 20thC Colchester transport button 1500-1700 mount

    Huge 8.5cm long medieval bronze key

    10- 40 AD Cunobelin Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

    1.33g, 11.57mm

    45 BC to 25BC Addedomarus - Trinovantian tribe Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

    1.34g, 12.34mm


    Simply stunning chunky early medieval gold decorated bronze cross pendant - The gold pin decoration is very interesting as it probably riveted a central inlaid emblem which is now missing- one for the museum to play with

    18.76g, 41.18 mm L x 6.73 mm T



    Saxon silver penny fragment sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum

    Saxon silver penny fragment sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum

    Saxon silver penny sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum

    This is probably a 1016 AD Cnut Short Cross type

    These three new fragments and the Cnut Short Cross fragment reported in 2014 seem to be from four separate coins.

    The largest new fragment reads +PVLFP[  ], which is the beginning of numerous moneyers' names in the Short Cross type, and the surviving portion of the moneyer's name on the the other fragment with a visible inscription - [  ]FPO[  ] - is equally ambiguous.

    Best wishes,


    4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

    Your first piece is a "garden variety" Constantius II, 337-361, reduced Æ majorina, c. 350-355, FEL TEMP REPARATIO Soldier lunging left spearing fallen horseman. I can't read the exergual mint mark, but these were struck at all the official Imperial mints and probably dozens of unofficial mints here and there throughout the Empire.
    There is a good chance this is locally produced on at least a semi-official basis.

    Mark Lehman


    16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

    4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

    And your coin # 2 is a billon "Quinarius" (presumably 1/2 antoninianus) of Allectus - the far less successful successor to Carausius, 293-296.
    The reverse is LAETITIA AVG, galley rowing left.  These were struck in London and in your neck of the woods.  If you can reveal any letters in the exergue under the galley, you can determine if it's London or Camulodinum/ Colchester.  If you can make out a "QC" or "CQ" in the exergue you'll know it's local, if there's an "QL" it's London


    15thC lead token - type 2 1550 - 1650 buckle
    1550 - 1650 buckle 15thC lead token - type 2 Medieval hammered silver farthing

    1676 billion silver coin

    XV Kreuzer (15 Kreuzer) Breslau 1676 MMW RDR Leopold I.

    Austria, Leopold I (Hogmouth)


    Rev 1676 ARCH ID AVS BVR 82 SIL

    1922 George V milled silver florin (24 pence)
    1565 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence 4thC Constantine Roman bronze coin - two soldiers standing
    1582- 1584 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat- A mint mark 2ndC Roman bronze sestertius coin
    Medieval annular brooch with enamel inlays 1553 Mary hammered silver groat
    1835 William IV milled silver sixpence Post medieval trade weight

    First double bust type 2ndC Roman silver I have seen - sent to mark Lehman for an ID

    Very interesting - this is Marcus Antonius - Marc Antony - and Octavian (later to be Augustus) - an issue from Ephesus in the spring-summer of 41 BC - before the two of them had fallen out and while they were two legs of the triumvirate - along with Pompey.

    Obv: M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P (MP & AV are ligate) Bare head of Marc Antony right.
    Rx: CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C. Bare head of Octavian, right.

    This is a HIGHLY desirable coin in almost any condition, but this is in pretty good shape.  The "granular" area, I'm afraid, looks a lot like a shovel-mark - but that's one of the almost unavoidable risks of MD (or really, any) digging style.

    I would advise the owner to seek professional conservation - or to leave it completely as-found until some sophisticated and professional cleaning techniques can be brought to bear.


    You may hear talk about the "historicity" of a coin - this one is from quite near "ground zero" for the true beginning of the Roman Empire as we know it.

    My congratulations to the digger.  It might not have the market potential of an aureus, but it's an important historical document nonetheless.




    1361 Edward III hammered gold 1/4 noble

    Edward III (1361), Quarter-Noble, Transitional Treaty Period, quartered shield of arms - need to be straightened for definitive ID

    lions in angles, lis above lion in fourth quarter, within beaded and linear tressures of eight arcs, trefoils in spandrels, beaded circle surrounding, saltire stops in legend, +exaltabitvr: in: gloria


    Ancient gold slag nuggets probably Saxon period- a previous larger example we found was disclaimed by the British museum as undiagnostic. The previous finder melted down the slag and made two gold cross neck laces, one was presented to landowner,

    Sent to local and Fizwilliam museum for their comments

    10.15g, 21.06mm L

    10.22g, 22.55mm L


    16.72g, 36.43mm L

    17.15g, 30.60mm L


    Saxon silver penny fragment sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum Medieval hammered silver farthing

    1199 King John hammered silver short cross penny - Class 5a-5b

    Obv RICVS R **

    Rev ICE+RA - Moneyer Ravlf of Chichester mint

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing
    1590 -1592 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - Hand mint mark Medieval hammered silver long cross penny
    19thC livery button 16thC Tudor clothing fastener 1603 James 1st hammered silver penny

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny

    Obv hENR **

    Rev hEN/RIO - Moneyer Henri

    16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence
    Medieval hammered silver long cross farthing

    1327 Edward III hammered silver half penny

    Obv + EDWA**

    Rev TAS/LON - London mint

    1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross farthing

    1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny

    Obv hEN*** X

    Rev NICOL * - Moneyer Nicole

    1553 Mary hammered silver groat Roman bronze mount

    10- 40 AD Cunobelin Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

    1.31g, 11.16 mm


    Medieval Papal Bullae. A lead Papal Bullae of Pope

    Obverse shows the heads of the apostles Peter and Paul, the founders of the Church of Rome with SPASPE (Sanctus PAulus and Sanctus PEtrus) above



    38.73mm, 44.13g


    So far I cannot find the pope's name on the complete popes list links above ??

    The reverse (verso) of the bulla shows the name of the Pope, which is written in the nominative, with his abbreviated title. It reads 'CELE / STINVS / PP • III' within a beaded border. The 'PP' has an 'Ω' above.

    This bulla has the name of Pope Celestine III on the verso. He was elected Pope in 1191 and continued until 1198.

    Spectacular find

    c 10th C Late Saxon stirrup mount - Class 4 Type 10B - Traces of original silvering with decoration around top and edges remain

    This classification comprises most of the mounts reflecting the Urnes style influences and depicting coiled animals.

    Similar design Ref 190 Page 55 Williams - The curving neck of the beast seems to terminate in a head with a beak.

    2ndC Roman fibular brooch 1500 - 1650 buckle Medieval buckle

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

    Obv ** RIC **

    Rev ARD - Moneyer Ricard

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

    Obv **REX **

    Rev ** ROB** - Moneyer Roberd or Robert


    1180 -1189 Henry II hammered silver short cross half penny - Class 1

    Obv X hENR ***

    Rev OR + REIN - Moneyer Reinald of Northampton mint

    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny - Class 5

    Obv **RICVS RE **

    Rev /VND/REN - Moneyer Renavd of Burt St Edmunds mint

    1500-1650 buckle 19thC hunting button
    1500-1700 mount 1500-1700 mount 2ndC Roman fibular brooch
    1795 Royal Artillery button Roman mount

    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver halfpenny

    Obv ** RDVS REX

    Unknown Roman widget with suspension loop ? 1867 Victoria milled silver sixpence

    1560 - 1561 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Cross Crosslet mint mark

    15thC 'Shield of France' Jetton


    1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - Greek cross mint mark
    1578 - 9 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Greek cross mint mark 1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing
    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing 1560 - 1561 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny -Cross Crosslet mint mark

    1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - TC above shield

    Obv CIVI TAS EBO RACI - York mint

    1635 -6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Crown mint mark
    Victorian gold signet ring
    1760 Russian bale seal Gold plated Victorian watch winder
    1550 - 1700 buckle Medieval book clasp

    10-40 AD Cunobelin Celtic silver unit

    Sitting Griffin type - CVNO in tablet, wreath border

    Griffin right on tablet containing CAMV - Classed as Extremely Rare

    VA2051 1.25g, 14.29mm

    Roman silver coin - needs a good cook to remove horn silver crust 1677 Charles II milled silver two pence

    Primary Saxon silver sceat 600- 700 AD - 'cooking' it to clean off crust

    Sent to Fitzwilliam museum for recording

    1.27g, 12mm

    Many thanks for this new find, which I have recorded as EMC 2015.0132.

    We can hope that the 'cooking' will improve the detail

    Best wishes,


    Continental milled silver

    LOUIS XV "THE WELL-BELOVED" Écu dit "aux branches d'olivier" 1738 Tours silver

    Obverse : LUD. XV. D. G. FR. ET NAV. REX. Buste du Roi à gauche, la tête nue, le cou cravaté, portant le cordon et la croix de l'ordre du Saint-Esprit sur une veste brodée ; au-dessous un coeur
    Reverse : SIT NOMEN DOMINI - E - BENEDICTUM (Mg) 1738 Écu de France ovale, couronné entre deux branches d'olivier

    1578 - 9 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver six pence- Greek cross mint mark
    16thC Tudor S buckle

    1961 Butlins enamelled badge

    Ayr in Scotland

    15thC lead token

    Superb 1500 -1700 fish design belt slide

    Huge Roman bronze sent for ID

    29.27mm, 13.09g

    Yes, it's a pretty easy one to pin down as to the emperor - I love it when we have nice, clear obverse legends

    I believe this is a smallish bronze sestertius rather an an as, at this weight. This is Gordian III, a young emperor (ascended at the age of 13 or so, I believe) who ruled for a relatively long time towards the beginning of the social, political and economic chaos of the 3rd century. He ruled from 238-244 - from the time of the defeat of his uncle and grandfather, Gordians I & II until he was deposed by the Praetorian prefect Philip (I, "The Arab")

    The sestertius, which had previously primarily been struck in "orichalcum" brass had by this time become a fully bronze piece. The obverse legend on this is IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG. Gordian was given the title "Pius" (faithful) due to his significant efforts to punish the legion responsible for the downfall and death of his uncle and gandfather. 
    What I can't be quite so certain about is the reverse type. We have only the lower half of the figure, hips and legs - and possibly a raised hand, to work with and so it could be any of the personifications or deities portrayed standing in this posture. I believe the legend is probably "AETERNITAS AVG; S - C" with radiate Sol standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding globe in left - but I can't be 100% certain.  This is a commonly-seen type for Gordian - an as of the same type and issue:


    This piece, at 9.09g, is just about right at average for an As - yours at 12+g must have been a sestertius since dupondii invariably had the ruler wearing the radiate crown. 

    Not a bad find, considering how profoundly chipped and deteriorated a lot of the Æ you've been finding lately seems to be - this isn't nearly so bad as some.


    1866 Victoria milled silver sixpence

    1485 -1509 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - RD by shield

    Throne has one pillar

    Bishop Fox - Durham mint


    Very interesting Roman bronze mount - could be a face

    Medieval badges Ref Mitchiner p244 939 - 941


    'A badge for a Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in bronze and dating somewhere around C13/14th possibly very slightly later . This is a very scarce item and it relates to The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem being a Catholic chivalric order of Knighthood that traces its roots to Godfrey of Bouillon, principal leader of the First Crusade. According to reliable sources in the Vatican and Jerusalem, it began in historical reality as a mixed clerical and lay confraternity (association) of pilgrims which gradually grew around the most central of the Christian holy places in the Middle East, the Holy Sepulchre or the tomb of Jesus Christ.This would have been a pin for a member of the order , there is a mark on the reverse where the original pin would have been fixed '

    1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver half penny

    Rev **D REX x ANGL'+

    Obv CIVI/TAS/***/DON = London mint

    1649 Commonwealth hammered silver half groat
    1816 George III milled silver shilling 1931 George V milled silver sixpence
    This amazing huge copper relic, that I though initially was a monster medieval religious find, turns out not to be as it appears . When I blew up the photo I noticed a MADE IN GREECE mark next to the double bust- This had me completely fooled. Still a neat find but not a 1000 years old LOL

    Staggeringly beautiful 16thC Tudor gold key brooch - reported as treasure to museum

    1.80g, 36mm L

    Heavy thick 17th/18thC gold posy ring with inscription - reported as treasure to museum

    'God alone made us tivo one' ( God made us to two be one ?)

    Maker RD

    7.51g, 22.68mm

    Medieval high carat small gold band - possible child's ring

    12.56mm, 0.16g

    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny


    Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

    Medieval mount

    1550 -1700 buckle Georgian fob seal 1902 silver spoon - London

    Victorian 25th Regiment of foot button

    Kings own royal border regiment

    20thC shipping line badge Georgian button
    Post medieval spur rowel Victorian Royal Engineers button 15thC lead token Medieval buckle plate
    1500-1700 mount 1550 - 1650 buckle 1500-1650 buckle 17thC lead token
    1844 Victoria milled silver sixpence 1885 Victoria milled silver three pence
    Medieval lead token Unknown early military button 1500-1700 mount Unknown military button

    1500-1200 BC Late Bronze Age arrow head

    Rare find 19thC Harwich Loyal Volunteers army button

    Napoleonic period

    19thC Norwich Union Society

    Insurance company button

    18thC Royal Artillery button
    1730 George II milled silver shilling 1685 James II milled silver shilling

    Stunning 11thC late Viking buckle - two biting beasts gripping the cross bar of the buckle

    1696 William III milled silver sixpence 1685 Charles II milled silver two pence

    French Jetton

    Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

    Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

    Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

    Obv + EDWA**** hYB

    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1500 -1700 mount 18thC Royal Artillery button 1582 -1584 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - A mint mark



    Part of 1st to 4thC Roman bronze and silver hoard reported to museum as potential treasure
    1554 Mary hammered silver groat WWII Royal tank regiment button 1500-1700 mount
    10thC Saxon harness cheek piece

    Britain's Merchant Navy
    Generic Design Issue
    In use 1900 - 2000's

    Bliss Bros Ltd

    Rd 665050

    1900's Generic merchant navy button
    1767 Dutch Over Ysell copper coin 1928 George V milled silver shilling

    Royal Artillery button

    Dates - 1840 - 1855

    Medieval bronze thimble 1625 Charles II hammered silver half groat
    18thC George III gold half guinea gaming token

    1770's George III gold half guinea coin weight

    2 pennyweight and 16 grains

    1856 Victoria milled silver sixpence Essex county button
    Medieval copper suspension bar, reminds me of a basic balance scales
    Roman pugio suspension ring Romano/British bronze gilded pendant - suspension loop remains
    Georgian silver spoon handle 17thC clothing fastener 20thC British Rail button

    Georgian silver spoon

    15thC lead token 19thC sailing button RN Capt / Commander - 1787
    RN Lieutenant - 1787

    Royal Artillery button

    Dates - 1840 - 1855

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny

    Rev TAS/LON - London mint

    Oct 1470-April 1471 Henry VI hammered silver penny (2nd reign) - initial mark Lis

    G and Key to side of neck - quatrefoil in centre of reverse cross - York mint

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny 16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny
    1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat Georgian silver cuff-link with glass stone
    1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
    15thC lead token - type 2 19thC livery button
    Victorian trade weight AA GB 19thC buckle 16thC Tudor button

    HB in script
    Hester Bateman
    London 1786

    First recorded English woman silversmith
    maker's mark in cursive

    London Assay office

    Hester Bateman is without doubt the most popular and renowned of all women silversmiths. Yet Hester's career as a silversmith was never intended. Widowed at the age of 51, she inherited her husband's small workshop practice and for the next thirty years, this unlikely shrewd business woman, grew the workshop into a thriving silver manufacturing firm. Hester Bateman was born in 1704 in Clerkenwell, London (England), and married John Bateman (a goldsmith) in about 1725. They had six children; John, Letticia, Ann, Peter, William, and Jonathan. The family lived at 107 Bunhill Row in the Parish of St. Luke in North London for more than a century. John and Hester purchased the houses on both sides of theirs, and two of the children occupied those homes in later years. Although his sons Peter & Jonathan were both doing their silversmithing apprenticeships, when John Bateman died in 1760, he bequeathed all his tools to Hester suggesting that she was already an accomplished silversmith. However, even with the skills of the trade, Hester had no small task ahead of her to continue the business. In these times, women-owned businesses were generally not accepted, and the industry was highly competitive. Unperturbed, Hester registered her mark of a scroll HB at Goldsmiths Hall in 1761 and aided by her son's Peter and Jonathan along with Jonathan's wife, Ann, the business boomed. In 1790, Hester finally retired at the grand old age of 81. Sadly, the following year her son Jonathan died, leaving Peter without his two long term partners. He turned immediately to his sister in law Ann, making her a partner in the business and registering their joint mark in 1791. From then Ann became the driving force in the business until her retirement in 1805. In 1800, Jonathan and Ann's son, William, became a partner in the family business, completing possibly the most famous of all silversmithing dynasties. Unlike most silversmiths who specialised in just one area of production, the Batemans were masters of many, producing fine wares right across the board. The main reason for their success was due to Hester's attention to design, detail and quality. All the pieces that left the workshop would be inspected to the highest standard and with this attitude the business grew. Many pieces of Hester Bateman's silver show identifying characteristics such as bead detailed edges and fine designs of bright-cut engraving. They received many commissions from The City Guilds, various religious establishments, and private individuals


    18thC Royal artillery button

    Royal Navy Lieutenant - 1748

    RN Flag Officer - 1748
    Full Dress - 1748 - 1767
    G. P. Dress - 1748 - 1783
    Full & Undress - 1748 - 1787

    Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914 to 1 April 1918
    16thC Tudor button 18thC Royal navy silver button WWI Royal artillery cap badge
    Georgian bell trade weight

    Crude 18thC German Jetton

    Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:

    Post medieval lead bale seal 1763 Russian lead bale seal
    17th Street of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1836 William IV milled silver four pence
    1590 - 92 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - hand mint mark 1816 George III milled silver sixpence
    1844 Victoria milled silver three pence 1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

    Medieval hammered silver half penny

    Rev LON/CIVI - London mint

    Medieval hammered silver half penny
    1874 Victoria milled silver three pence Georgian spur buckle fitting 18thC clog fastener

    Georgian silver decorated mount

    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 9 star on breast

    Obv hYB+EDW

    A copper-alloy sexfoil mount of Medieval date. The mount has been stamped from a piece of sheet-metal. It has six convex petals separated by grooves which cross at the centre. The underside is hollow and there is a possible corroded rivet attachment at the middle. Several examples of sexfoil mounts have been found in excavations in London (see Egan and Pritchard 1991: 186-193).

    Class: Sexfoil


    Broad period: MEDIEVAL
    Period from: MEDIEVAL Date from: Circa AD 1300
    Date to: Circa AD 1500

    Materials and construction

    Primary material: Copper alloy

    Manufacture method: Stamped

    A copper-alloy cast mount. The mount is quatrefoil in shape with a cusp in each angle.


    Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
    Date from: Circa AD 1600
    Date to: Circa AD 1700

    19thC corporation button

    19thC 53rd regiment of foot button

    The 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot

    Lots of George V and VI milled silver sixpences turning up
    Medieval lead trade weight Georgian watch winders 1500-1700 mount 1500- 1700 buckle
    1805 Denmark 2 skilling milled silver billion coin 18thC clog fastener

    1422- 27 Henry VI hammered silver groat - Annulet issue - Annulets by neck and two sets of oppossing pellets on reverse - Incorrect spelling of Calsie - IE missing, Obv legend should end in Z FRANC ??


    Rev VILLAx CALISx - Calais mint

    Great shape 4thC Roman silver washed coin - sent for ID

    1.84g, 18.84mm

    Could I please have an average diameter and approximate weight?
    This appears to be a SERIOUS oddball - we can start right off with the laureate bust on what seems lke it should be an antoninianus.  Then the obverse legend is very unusual - and so far I have not been abe to find this legend in any of the lists of legends for Maximian.
    This appears to be PROVIDENTIA AVG (possibly AVGG). Maximian had a PROVIDENTIA AVGGG but a seated, not standing, Providentia.

    Carausius issued a few coins in the names of the Tetrarchs with whom he wished to be identified - and I haven't gotten that far yet, but I'll let you know if I find something.

    Very interesting.


    This turns out not to be so oddball as I originally thought - because my initial guess was off by about 60 years - This is Maximinus I, 235-238 ("Thrax", "The Giant", "The Goth", etc. it's assumed he suffered from acromegaly) and if, as I'm guessing, it turns out to be in the 22-25mm vicinity, it would be an As. If it's larger, then it's more likely to be a Sestertius.
    The reverse type, PROVIDENTIA AVG; S - C (single "G" in avg) Providentia standing left holding wand and cornucopiae, globe at feet, is completely appropriate and quite common for the period.
    It was also the vagueness of the legend at ~2:00-4:00 obverse had me confused as well - the obverse legend is IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG.

    It was obviously wrong for Maximinus II Daia, and I kept trying to find some issue of Maximian - perhaps a post abdication issue - instead. This denomination, quite rare, but not unknown during his time was still not listed with any standing Providentia reverses.

    You have very seldom found - or at least showed me - coins of this general era.  I find it somewhat surprising, since both earlier and later Roman coins seem to be represented in profusion.  Was there some sort of disaster, plague or other external force which depressed the Roman settlement and/or population in the Colchester area around the early-mid 3rd century?


    PS - I should give you a reference - if an As, it's RIC IV 63, Mint of Rome & SRCV 8362. 

    At that size and weight - and missing the S - C (which I somehow thought I was seeing) this is actually a denarius.  It should be silver, but if it's demonstrably Æ, then it's probably what is erroneously called a "Limes Denarius" - these were high-quality copies made primarily in the Balkans and central Europe by making molds in clay using official coins. These are often found silvered - and often found with all traces of silver (if there ever was any) missing.

    No one is quite sure where these fit into the monetary picture of the times, but they exist in great numbers - so great that they must have been in circulation.

    Change those references to: RIC IV 13; RSC 77; SRCV 8315.

    That would be for the prototype denarius from which it was copied. If it's Æ - and it seems awfully light for silver - then it's a contemporary copy made in the so-called "Limes Denarius" tradition.



    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny - inner circles both sides

    Obv EDWARDVS ***

    Rev LON/DON - London mint

    1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat

    1490 - 1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - two arches jewelled - no lis to 7 tressures, Tun mint mark

    King and Archbishop Morton jointly - no stops

    Obv hENRIC DI *** ANGL ZF

    Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

    c10th Saxon stirrup mount - Type 9 human mask type Royal Army ordnance Corp badge
    Medieval mounts

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

    Rev/OND/ - Durham mint

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny

    Rev VCD/NIC/O ** Moneyer Nicole of London mint

    Unknown copper coin - needs clean to reveal detail - possible Asian
    20th Alloy Navy badge Irish Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Harp mint mark
    Large 18thC toy cannon

    1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny


    Stunning 14thC enamelled harness pendant

    Victorian lion headed belt buckle 18thC musket ram rod guide 18thC Royal artillery button
    1680 Charles II milled silver three pence 1709 Queen Anne milled silver shilling

    1702- 14 Queen Anne milled silver shilling

    Exeter mint

    1300- 1310 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 10


    Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

    1846 Victoria milled gold half sovereign

    19.38mm, 4.02g

    c10thC Stunning gilded and decorated Saxon brooch fragment

    1818 George III milled silver sixpence 1623- 4 James 1st hammered silver penny - Lis mint mark
    Post medieval cloth seal


    19thC - 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot button

    The regiment started out as the 59th Regiment of Foot raised in Gloucester in 1755. After the disbandment of the 50th Regiment of Foot and the 51st Regiment of Foot in 1756, it became the 57th Regiment of Foot. In 1782, it was given a county connection, becoming the "57th (the West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot".

    The 57th Regiment earned their nickname of "the Die Hards" after their participation in the Battle of Albuera, one of the bloodiest battles of the Peninsular War, fought on 16 May 1811

    1827 Russian lead bale seal Georgian horse harness bell

    More 2016 finds pages

    Previous 2016 Feb finds page

    New 2016 March finds page II