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  • 2012 Feb finds page

    17th/18th gold posy ring reported as treasure to the museum

    3.29g, 20.16mm dia

    'LOVE AS I YOU ELSE I DIE' - maker mark - old English FC

    Medieval silver cross - similar construction to 13thC Knights templer badges 1.06g, 22.82mm

    Medieval gilded silver dress fitting 1.82g, 17.35 mm

    Similar Ref Treasure Case No: 2019 T520 - Medieval silver dress fitting Colchester area of Essex

    Medieval decorated buckle chape


    Object type certainty: Certain

    A cast copper alloy cruciform horse harness pendant hanger. The fitting to the harness strap had three rivets originally; the remains of two of them are still in their holes, the other is missing. The lower hinged section is broken and the pin is missing. Measurements: 96 mm x 59 mm.



    Broad period: MEDIEVAL
    Period from: MEDIEVAL
    Period to: MEDIEVAL
    Date from: AD 1250
    Date to: AD 1350

    Georgian figurine finial

    Roman lead token 1696 William III milled silver shilling

    Huge 2ndC Roman bronze coin sent for ID


    You seem to have "lucked out" a bit with this one.  It's Trajan (96-117 AD) and the bust style is appropriate for the later part of his reign.  There's not very much of the reverse type visible, but here, as I said, you're in luck.  This appears to be an example of the PROVIDENTIA AVGVSTII (SPQR S - C) type.  It's the parallel lines in both the vertical & horizontal planes clearly indicating that there is a short pillar or column to the right of the somewhat slouching figure.  On a later type, this would probably be Securitas leaning against the column, but at the time of Trajan's reign, Securitas or the personification of national security was not so much of an issue as it would become in a century or so when Securitas would replace Providentia (the personification of the forethought of the emperor in providing - well, whatever was provided at an Imperial level) in the same posture of ease.
    Providentia here is leaning at her ease on the short pillar on the right, and with a wand held in the right hand, leisurely points in the direction of a large globe - most likely the Orbis Terrarum - (the outline of which is barely visble in the photo) at her feet, and with left hand holds and rests upon a long scepter.

    This type dates to 116 AD.



    50 BC Celtic gold full stater - Gallo Belgic

    16.49mm, 6.05g

    1916 George V milled silver sixpence 1603 James 1st lead token
    13thC heraldic shield pendant - prancing lion facing left - red enamel and traces of gold 17thC decorated crotal bell - hammer foundry mark
    1935 George V milled silver sixpence 1888 advertising watch winder - H.E Peck 8 New Bridge St - Watchmakers, jewelers, optician

    1899 Col Baden Powell hero of Mafeking medallion - issued by W.H.O Wills Capstan Navy cut cigarettes


    Lord Robert Baden-Powell of Gilwell (1857-1941) was a decorated soldier, talented artist, actor and free-thinker. Best known during his military career for his spirited defense of the small South African township of Mafeking during the Boer War, he was soon to be propelled to extraordinary fame as the Founder of Scouting.

    19thC Colchester Co- op society 1 shilling token 18thC cuff link
    1550-1650 buckle 18thC crotal bell 2ndC Roman bronze coin - sent for ID
    Interesting decorated Saxon widget - no idea yet of its use
    1716 Dutch Holandia copper coin 1645 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - 'A' mintmark Ashby
    19thC - 15th The Kings Light Dragoon guards officers button George 1st trade weight Crown G cipher London 1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence
    19thC livery button   Mid 4thC House of Constantine - tow soldiers standing
    Lots of 1st to 4th C Roman 'grots' being dug
    Worn 18thC Spanish silver reale Medieval Steel yard weights
    17thC bucket handle riveted plate 1942 George VI milled silver sixpence
    Irish 1603-4 James 1st hammered silver sixpence - 1st issue 13thC Heraldic harness pendant - shield with 3 prancing lions facing left - red enamel and gilding
    15th C casket key 16thC Tudor clothing fastener
    850 BC Bronze age socketed axe head fragment Mid 13th C lead seal matrix

    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

    Rev CIVI/TAS/DVIE/ - Durham mint

    Medieval D buckle

    1361-9 Edward III hammered silver farthing Treaty period - New crown intermediate jewels -



    1619 -25 James 1st hammered silver shilling ( 12 pence) curly hair bust - 3rd coinage

    Bovril token - 50 times more meat extract - Nourishing

    Guaranteed product of prime beef

    WW1 Suffolk Yeomanry Cavalry button 17thC Scissor pivot
    Worn 1554 Mary hammered silver groat Georgian gilded and decorated bottle top


    1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

    CIVI/TAS type

    Mid 4thC House of Constantine Roman bronze coin - 2 soldiers standing

    1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1427-30 Henry VI hammered silver penny - initial cross IIIb - mascle & rosette obverse stops


    Rev VIL/LA/CAL/ISIE with mascle and satire stops - Calais mint

    1578-9 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - Greek cross mint mark
    C10th C Gilded Saxon hooked mount 19thC Prince of Wales medallion
    17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type
    Medieval buckle 1550-1650 buckle

    1356-61 Edward III hammered silver groat - Cross 3 Pre treaty


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    1922 George V milled silver sixpence Roman mount
    Georgian watch winders

    1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


    Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

    20thC General workers union enamelled badge Lead trade weight with clear cipher marks - not one in my ref books
    1701 William III copper half penny 19thC Royal Engineers button - GR 18thC Royal artillery button
    1696 William III milled silver sixpence 1939 George VI milled silver sixpence
    15thC lead token - unusual double sided impression 1247 Henry III voided hammered silver half penny



    Decorated and enamelled 17thC utensil handle - traces of red , green and white enamel remain
    WWII German Navy Kreigsmarine Button
    18thC Royal artillery button


    18thC silver button 19thC livery button Medieval hooked mount

    Medieval buckle chape 17thC Charles II silver button - reported to museum as treasure
      4th Regiment of foot lapel badge 18thC Royal artillery button
    Victorian silver snuff box lid 17thC lead bird feeder

    Mid 4thC Roman coin sent for ID

    This one I can tell where it was minted with a lot more certainty than I can tell you who is on the obverse and what the exact reverse type is.

    - The exergual mintmark is quite clearly that of Aquilea - S]MAQ[S -
    - The overall appearance is that of the early Valentinian Dynasty, c. 364-378 AD. and I am guessing by the apparent length of the obverse legend that it is more likely to be Valens (364-378) than either Valentinian I (364-375) or Gratian (367-383) - however, I can't be sure at this point who, exactly, it may be.
    - The reverse type shows Victory walking to the left (presumably holding a wreath and palm) and could have either SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE or FELICITAS ROMANORVM (very much less common than the Securitas legend) for its legend.

    Sorry I can't be more specific than this, but the legend fragment on the obverse is just too illegible and the reverse legend virtually does not exist.


    Unknown shipping line button 18thC Royal artillery buttons
    17thC lead token 17thC copper decorated ring
    17thC lead token 17thC lead token
    19thC livery button 19thC livery button 18thC lead token
    Medieval D buckle 1550-1650 buckle
    15thC Angel coin coin weight - bent right leg Circa 1493 - British

    4thC Barbarious radiate Roman coin sent for ID

    This is a fairly well-preserved specimen of contemporary radiate copy.  You say "little" and so I assume that it's small enough that even aside from the crudeness of the workmanship, there can be no rational question of it was ever having been intended to fool anyone into thinking it was an official-issue Roman piece - in other words, deception was never the intention of the makers of this piece.

    This is an important concept to understand with these pieces - they are by no means what we'd call "counterfeits" - they're more of an emergency currency issued to take the place of official coin which has disappeared from circulation due to hoarding, export, or the small but steady and inevitable attrition of pieces lost and not recovered (until now). The Imperial coin is no longer being regularly replaced due, generally, to a vacuum, whether temporary or permanent, of the centralized power which issues and distributes official coin - generally through the pay of soldiers and the purchase of foodstuffs and other army supplies through the local economy as its main mechanism.

    These so-called "barbarous" radiates were, at one time, thought to belong to the period after the withdrawal of Roman troops from Britain and northern Gaul in the 5th century, but it is becoming clear as more hoards are found and analyzed that they are virtually contemporaneous with the prototypes they emulate.  The withdrawal of Italian Roman authority during the mid 3rd century and the time of the Gallic Roman Empire was both the time-frame and the reason for the existence of these pieces.  The Gallic Roman Empire evidently only sporadically refreshed the local supplies of coin, since official Gallic and unofficial radiates are often found mixed together in hoards.

    The exact place they had and role they played in the economic life of the area is not clear.  Perhaps they circulated at par with the official (but token, due to base-metal fabric) coinage, or perhaps at a discount.  They may have served as something analagous to modern "plantation tokens" which were used mainly in small, closed, internal economic systems like those seen in large farms/villas or latufundia.  I'm not certain to what degree the large-scale industrial agriculture model penetrated into Roman Britain, but that is a possible origin with the large Roman estate becoming somewhat of a template for the later, insular feudal units of organization.  There is also the possibility that these coins were issued as military scrip (meant to be exchanged at some later date for official coin) to troops on the borders in order that a catastrophic military loss would not also mean a huge capture of "real" wealth by the enemy.

    I'm not completely certain what the reverse type was supposed to emulate.  Although the obverse is fairly typical of the Victorinus/Tetricus "bearded radiate bust" types, the reverse type doesn't immediately "resolve" adequately into a stylized or abstract copy of any of the normal types like Pax, Victory/Comes or Spes. It is possible, even likely, that it is intended to be a Pax type with Pax facing left holding a long scepter in her left hand - the anticipated olive-branch in the right hand, however, is not visible here, so I can't be certain. 

    An assortment of unofficial pieces found in Britain and Northern Europe can be seen grouped together here:  you may draw your own conclusions as to which of these types this piece most closely resembles.  Or you can look at the official types of the era here: to try to see what it may have been intended to emulate.


    1868 Victoria milled silver 3 pence 1937 George VI milled silver florin (24 pence)
    1943 India George VI milled silver rupee 'Castle' silver foil quality tag
    1500-1700 mount 1899 Birmingham silver - pure silver mark Georgian watch winder  

    Sent to Mark Lehman for ID

    This of course is the "Gaius & Lucius Denarius" of Augustus.  One of the most common pieces surviving from the 1st century, there are many who feel this piece actually was more likely to have been the so-called Tribute Penny (if, in fact, the episode in the Gospel of Matthew ever took place) than the Tiberius Denarius usually marketed as the "Tribute Penny".
    Gaius and Lucius were Augustus grandsons by Agrippa and Julia - he had great hopes for them to succeed him, but both died young - poisoned as a result of family intrigues if you subscribe to the "I Claudius" plotline for the early Julio-Claudian era. 
    The reverse shows, of course, Gaius and Lucius standing facing with a pile of arms on the ground between them and the jug and lituus - priestly implementia -  between their heads.  The reverse legend - C L CAESARES / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT - names them Princes of Youth and consuls designate.

    These were produced at the mint of Lugdunum (modern Lyon) 2-4 AD. RIC 207, RSC 43, SR 1597.


    This is a major fragment of a silver Antoninianus (2 denarii) of, I believe, Philip I (244-249 AD) I can't quite figure out exactly what's happening on the reverse, but it seems like it may be a presentation scene with a deity or personification presenting a wreath or a Victory figure to the Emperor.


    19.75g,31.52 mm


    This is a Sestertius (4 Asses) of Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AD) the reverse shows Salus, the personification of health (in the sense of wholeness or the health of the Empire as an entity) feeding a snake rising from the altar before her.  This is a fairly common reverse type which recurs throughout the 1st-3rd centuries.



    15.26g, 33.58mm

    A quick answer now and I'll get back to it in a while for a more detailed answer.  At this size it would be a Sestertius, I don't immediately recognize the portrait, but I will get back to it later today.


    18thC Toy cannon 16thC Tudor clothing fastener 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

    16thC Tudor gold on silver jewelry item - reported as treasure to museum.

    7.74g, 33.57mm L

    1839 Victoria Queen of Great Britain medallion 17thC crotal bell - Orb foundry mark
    Georgian gold brooch fragment 1696 William III milled silver sixpence
    Iron Age handle Ronson lighter
    Roman lead token Georgian button

    Stunning 17th/18thC enamelled solid gold button - reported as potential treasure to museum



    C8thC Saxon decorated strap end - rivet fixings 1stC Celtic cosmetic wode grinder
    Crispy Edward hammered silver penny - CIVI/TAS type - 'cooking' it to remove crust 1576 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver shilling

    More finds on 2012 Feb Finds II page