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  • Nov 2007 Finds page

    1608 AD Hans Schultes III 'Turbanded bust' German Jetton. Male bust right wearing a turban. 1.28g, 22.23mm

    obv GLICK 4 foil KVMPT 4 foil VON flower GOT 4 foil ISTWAR

    rev Traditional imperial orb with cross patty in a tressure with 3 main arches, 3 pairs of pellets inside the tressure


    1562 AD Hans Krauwinckel I Master German Lion of St Mark Jetton, 19.27g, 30.02mm

    Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:


    Rev Imperial Orb surrounded by cross patty witin an ornate tressure *HANNS * KRVRENBER

    The normal weight for this type is 7.95g to 11.30 g, this specimin weights 19.27g ???? It is acually two of the same type of Jettons stuck together

    Arabic looking brooch
    Georgian harness mount with initials EC
    17thC spoon handle with initial L
    1872 The King's Royal Rifle Corp button
    Lead cloth seal, appears to be
    George III trade weight with London hallmarks
    16thC Tudor decorated button
    15th The Kings Royal Hussars- this type not in ref books
    Military button - not checked ref books yet
    Very unusual fully decorated double D buckle 1550 - 1650
    Mid 18thC 18 shillings coin weight
    1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing

    1195 Scottish William 1 The Lion hammered silver penny

    Short cross and stars issue Class I

    Moneyer RAUL ON ROCEBU (Raul of Roxburgh)

    obv WILELMUS R (E) X

    Bust of pellets facing left, the king holding a sceptre


    1650 Nicholas Cler of Barking Essex hammered copper trade farthing
    18thC silver decorated clog fastener initials TA- hall marked solid silver with markers mark LB
    Roman bronze pin head - it has the classic ridge like a Saxon period pin - one for the museum to confirm
    18thC toy cannon
    1956 Dutch 10 Cents

    1572-3 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat ( 2 pence)

    3rd Issue

    Great condition George II 1739 copper farthing
    15thC lead token
    Medieval gilded and decorated hook mount - one rivet of two fixing remains
    1158-1180 AD Henry II Cross and Crosslet hammered silver penny - Tealby issue 1.31g, 19.54mm unrecorded bust type.
    2nd Queens Dragoon Guards
    Officer - 1746-1872
    1696 William III shilling
    Huge 18thC Anchor mount
    1817 George III milled silver sixpence
    1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat
    Medieval hammered silver penny
    Medieval ring brooch pin
    1918 George V milled silver sixpence
    Georgian flower button
    Britain's Merchant Navy
    Generic Design Issue
    In use 1900 's onwards
    1649 Commonwealth hammered silver penny

    1795 Hampshire Portsmouth Halfpenny Condor Token


    Medieval lead vessica seal matrix- appears to be a flower impression
    Georgian copper alloy Name tag - 'Futinto'
    Roman harness loop junction - 2 rivet fixing
    17thC bell clapper
    18thC silver button

    1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton


    1634 -36 Charles 1st Rose hammered copper farthing type 2



    1634 -36 Charles 1st Rose hammered copper farthing type 2



    17th hammered silver half groat in poor shape
    Silver love token overstamper
    Medieval lead trade weight - 4 leaf pattern

    1614-25 James 1st hammered copper farthing Type 3c Mintmark key

    Genral type Obv. IACO D G MAG BR (IT)


    1834 William IIII milled silver four pence
    Medieval buckle
    17thC copper alloy finial
    19thC liver button
    Georgian buckle

    Very rare find and the first ever found here.

    Charles 1st Aberystwyth - Furnance mint 1648/9 hammered silver half groat - Large plume

    book mintmark

    Silver twisted wire ring - one for the museum to date

    Royal Ordnance Corp


    Firmin and Sons London

    Early 20th C

    RN Petty Officer - 1891
    17thC 1/2 scruple apothecary weight

    20thC Irish Volunteers

    P & T

    Midland Railway button

    J Gaunt and Sons Ltd London

    From 1899

    3rd Dragoons Guards one piece button- unlisted type


    Unknown maker - Jackson

    30 Gracechurch St London

    Medieval lead hanging weight
    19thC Monogrammed button
    Not checked ref books yet
    Another unrecorded 5th Dragoon guards button one piece button

    Interesting Celtic gold find - it appears to be the first right facing Dubnovellaunus Late 1st BC to Early 1stC AD Full Celtic gold stater found here 5.73g, 17.13mm

    I have sent it off to the Celtic coin register for confirmed ID and recording

    King John 1199 - 1216 hammered silver penny Class 6a2

    Moneyer ABEL

    LVNDE - London mint

    Henry III 1247 hammered silver voided long cross half penny
    1900 Victorian old bust milled copper penny

    1818 Russian bale seal from St Petersburg

    ПAKЛЯ Codilla: broken flax, the coarse part of the flax separated in the first heckling process

    1550-1650 Double D buckle
    16th/17thC clothing fastener
    Stunning condition 1694 William and Mary copper penny
    Roman lead 20 scriptula weight

    Circa 17th century

    A large mount in the form of an acorn; two integral pointed lugs on the back.

    18thC gilded button
    Interesting do dad - no idea of use
    Chaffing dish handle
    Georgian button

    Unknown 1461 Edward IV DURHAM issue hammered silver penny


    Note the 4 pellet stops both sides of REX on obv legend - not listed in refernence books, Legend EDWARD REX ANGLIE is an Edward IV Durham issue.

    16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver 3 pence (129)
    1582 Elizabeth hammered silver three halfpence 4th issue sword mintmark
    1591-5 Elizabeth hammered silver half groat (2 pence) 5th issue tun mintmark

    1307 Edward II hammered silver penny Class 11a broken pearl by left of crown type


    rev CIVITAS CANTOR- Canterbury mint

    1604-5 Gold Double crown , James 1st 2nd coinage revalued coin weight 4.66g (coin weights 5g)

    1613-15 James 1st hammered copper farthing Type 3b Flower both sides mintmark

    Genral type Obv. IACO D G MAG BR (IT)


    General Post Office badge
    19thC Northern Yacht Club button
    Heraldic lead mount - need researching
    Roman fibula brooch fragment
    Venezia, Agostino Barbarigo LXXXIV Doge (1486-1501)
    Soldino o Marchetto (AR) Biaggi 2938
    D/ AV.BAR.S.M.V.DUX / S.Marco a s., il Doge a d.
    R/LAVS TIBI SOLI / il Redentore


    4th Regiment of Foot
    ( The King's Own )
    O/R's - 1830-1855

    Kings St Covent Gardens

    7th Queen's Own
    Light Dragoons
    Officer - 1784-1807
    Roman lead trade weight with curious circle mark and MXC on obverse
    1801 St Petersburg Russian lead bale seal (unrecorded type)
    Georgian fob stone in copper alloy setting

    17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
    Georgian pastry jigger wheel support
    17thC mount with 2 integral lugs
    Georgian lion mount
    16th/17thC fretwork clothing fastener
    Medieval mount with single rivet fixing
    Interesting early bronze piece for the museum
    Fragment with VII inscribed on it ?
    Johan Jacob Dietzel of Nürnberg who made this sometime between 1711 and 1748.

    Obverse "GEORG.DG.M.(.........)


    Georgian fob seal
    15th/16thC book clasp fragment - 2 rivet fixings
    19thC livery button



    English Saxon Thrysmas gold coin - Crondall type c620 -650 AD named after the hoard found in 1828. Recorded on the Fitzmuseum Corpus database as EMC 2007.0302 1.26g, 11.46mm

    'Witmen type'

    C850BC bronze age socketed axe fragment

    First of this King's groats ever found here- rare find - he was known as the Black Prince

    1377 AD Richard II hammered silver groat ( 4 pence) Type 1 (Straight sided)



    Inner CIVITAS LONDON - London mint

    1422 - 7 AD Henry VI hammered silver long cross half penny - Annulet issue Type A1 annulets in VIL and Cal qtrs

    obv HENRIC x REX x ANGL

    rev VIL LA CAL LIS - Calais mint

    0.36g, 12.80mm

    2ndC Roman 'bird' type fibula brooch - first of that type ever found here , neat find

    1217-8 AD Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny Class 7b Square topped A


    Moneyer Norman - Bury mint

    1247 AD Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny Class 1a



    Moneyer Richard

    Anonymous: letter I early 15thC. An initial with crown above, branches at the side, was a design that became incrreasingly common in the 15thC and was often used on a signet ring as below. The letter suggests it stood for the owners forename. This example was used in 1424 by Edward Saddler, clerk

    1217-8 AD Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny Class 6c3


    1655 Henry Lamb of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
    Ths appears to be a well chewed Roman bird mount - one for the museum
    16thC sword belt loop
    16thC mount with 2 integral lugs
    1217-8 AD Henry III hammered silver short cross penny
    16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny (141)
    Pressed gold Victorian buckle
    The Prince of Wales and Victoria model half sovereign token
    RN Capt / Commander - 1787
    RN Lieutenant - 1787
    This rings looks early but it is modern Georgian
    20thC Dent's make button
    4thC Roman bronze sent off for ID
    Silver decorarted end piece - reported as potential treasure


    Victoria and Albert marriage medallion 10 February 1840
    17thC sword hanger fitting with 2 rivet fixings
    Crown with HARTS VI - not checked the military books yet
    RN Cap't / Commander - 1901
    17thC sword hanger fitting with 2 rivet fixings
    1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
    Georgian Pressed silver bell fragment
    Button with crown. Not checked the military books yet
    Roman Military piece - Lugged baldric mount
    17thC lead mount - dingle itegral lug
    16thC mount with 2 integral lugs
    1666 Nathaniel Backler of Dedham Copper trade farthing
    Medieval mount with single rivet fixing
    Post medieval cross mount
    19thC livery button
    1885 Victorian milled silver 3 pence
    1859 Victorian milled silver 3 pence
    Not checked the military books yet
    Small Roman piece - not sure of use yet
    Georgian lead carriage mount - single iron fixing
    Stunning 16thC Elizabethian lead cloth seal
    1777 Pattern 28th Regiment of foot button
    1526 - 44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat (4 pence) 2nd coinage - mintmark Lis
    17thC buckle
    15thC lean token made into a pendant
    Medieval casket key
    1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing
    16thC mount with 2 integral lugs

    King John 1199 - 1216 hammered silver short cross penny Class 6c3

    LVNDE - London mint



    Moneyer Abel of London

    1582-4 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat 2 pence Fifth issue A mint mark
    Georgian gilded leaf fragment
    19thC bell trade weight - crown V hallmark - London
    15thC lead long cross and pellet type token
    15thC Spanish hammered silver 4 real - not researched it yet
    Early plain bronze ring - shows lamination like a Roman ring but it probably Medieval - one for the museum
    1st to 4thC Roman bronze seal ring

    2ndC Roman silver coin fragment - cleaned up and sent for ID 1.34g, 17.05mm

    With the lack of readable letters in the obverse legend, I'm going to have to give you a fairly wild guess, based on what the shape of the back of the head appears to be, that it's likely to be a denarius of Trajan (96-117 A.D.).  That it is (or was - lol) a denarius is not in question, but who's on it might be.  Now Trajan was around for a bit over 20 years and was a most wonderfully prolific minter of denarii - the Trajan section in RSC (Roman Silver Coins) is 23 closely-spaced, fine-print pages long - so the reverse type wouldn't tell us much even if we could be sure what was happening there.   It appears that it could be someone in military dress (the emperor?  "Mars"? "Virtus"?  Minerva?  some generic soldier?) with an inverted spear.  A spear with the point down, in the Roman iconographic shorthand, was usually a sign that some previous hostilities had ceased.  Or, I suppose it might be Hercules leaning on his club - but there really isn't enough left to be certain.
    Sorry I can't be more specific, but sometimes the crucial bits will either be missing or so unclear that there just isn't very much anyone can tell you.


    2nd C Roman bronze sent off for ID - 13.03g, 28.63mm


    Luckily, you have legend enough for a positive ID on the emperor - it's Commodus - 177-192 A.D.
    The weight/diameter is a little problematic.  The diameter is adequate, if a bit small for a Sestertius, although the weight would be about the lowest I've seen - well below the average weight for Commodus Sestertii.  It has, obviously, lost a bit to chipping on the edges, but not enough to allow me to be comfortable or certain calling it a Sestertius.  At 28mm, it's on the lower end of the diameter scale for Sestertii, but is really a bit large to be an As - since there's no traces of radiate crown, it can't be a Dupondius.
    So, it's a little unusual, either an undersized sestertius or an oversized As. 
    The reverse is most likely some sort of standing personification or deity - but lacking detail enough to make out any recognizeable attributes and not in any characteristic posture - actually, as I rotate the image, there's even a distant possibility that this is a galley. 
    So, I'm sorry I can't give you more specific and positive information, but it is, at least, firmly attributable to to ruler.

    Yep it is a galley on the obverse

    Normally, it wouldn't help, since, as was common at the time, Commodus tended to put the same reverses on all of his denominations.  An issue of all the current denominations with a specific reverse was far more the rule than what we have here - only the Aureus and Sestertius carried this particular reverse type - PROVID AVG P M TR P XI IMP VIII COS V PP S - C and dates specifically to the 2nd half of 186 A.D.  This would be RIC III 486 or 487.
    So, despite being a little too small and a little too light, it is a sestertius - and a relatively sought-after type (although this specimen is hardly the most desirable) since ship reverses have always been a popular theme for a collection.


    Georgian fob seal intaglio
    Georgian silvered button with flower design
    18thC Spanish silver quartered milled silver real

    Facinating piece - Traces of gilding remaining - one arm has a sharp point - needs research

    49.34mm W x 4.33mm T

    Possible Celtic bronze - concave shaped 2.30g, 15.55m sent off to CCI for recording

    This is the correct weight and dia for a Celtic bronze and need cleaning to reveal the horse

    20thC Angel medallion
    Mid 4thC Roman bronze coin
    17thC clothing fastener
    1550 - 1650 Buckle
    1723 George 1st milled silver shilling (12 pence)
    1896 Victorian milled silver sixpence
    1933 George V milled silver shilling
    Neat button - Lion in shield - not researched it yet
    Georgian dress button
    Unusual type of decorated 17thC hooked clothing fastner - single fixing - it could even at a pinch be a mount
    16thC diamond shaped mount with 2 integral lugs
    Interesting 17thC hammered copper token - needs research
    19thC Monogrammed button
    19thC livery button
    17thC circular mount with 2 integral lugs
    1634 Charles 1st hammered copper Rose farthing
    RN Capt / Commander - 1901
    Other Ship's Officers - 1901
    In use 1901 - 1952
    19thC livery button
    18thC Royal artillery cuff button
    Possible 17thC ring fragment
    RN Petty Officer - 1891
    Georgian lock catch slide ?
    Royal Engineer Department

    In use by 1881

    Smith & Wright - Birmingham

    1649 Commonwealth hammered silver one penny
    1916 George V milled silver shilling
    French Napoleonic artillery button - one piece
    Bouton d'officier du 1er regiment à pied et des compagnie d'ouvriers et d'armuriers de l'artillerie
    18thC toy pistol
    1818 George III milled silver sixpence
    1869 European milled silver 10 cents
    1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing
    1664 Joseph Gleson of Dedham Copper trade farthing

    What a really neat copper coin - 1897




    Roman Theodosius I 379-395 AD - gold solidus AD 4.40g, 20.26mm

    This is, as you later suspected, Theodosius I rather than Magnus Maximus.  A solidus of "Mag Max" would be a great item to find - Kipling included him as a character in "Puck of Pook's Hill" with a vividly-drawn, if fairly historically inacurate portrait.  He's a good bit scarcer, in general, than Theodosius I, but the coin we're looking at today carries an "R2" rating in RIC, so it's pretty scarce as well.
    This is a Solidus - the denomination introduced by Constantine the great which would continue to be struck with very little variation in weight or fineness for nearly another thousand years as it became the flagship coin of the Byzantine empire.
    Your specimen was minted at Trier, between 388 and 392 A.D.  The "COM" in the exergue refers to it being pure gold - the mint designation is the T - R to either side of the two characters on the reverse - who are meant to be 2 co-regnal emperors - the basic design goes back to the time of Valentinian I and Valens, but continued until, at this time, it was supposed to be Valentinian II and Theodosius I as the 2 senior Augusti, there was however (throughout the era) a 3rd and even, at times, a 4th emperor. 
    The obverse legend is D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG - with the normal diademed draped and cuirassed bust right. 
    The reverse is VICTORIA AVGG (the 2 "G's" abbreviating "Augustorum" referring to multiple emperors) and shows the 2 emperors, presumably Valentinian II and Theodosius I seated facing, holding a globe between them, the top half of Victory between and spreading her wings above them.
    RIC IX Trier 90b.
    Congratulations to you and the digger - What a great find!


    1631-9 Nicolas Briot's coinage

    Charles 1st milled silver one pence one of the first milled silver coinages ever made


    1633-4 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Portcullis mint mark Tower mint under Charles (148)
    Huge cast harness mount
    Huge post medieval bronze pot leg
    Medieval decorated heraldic design mount with 2 integral lugs
    19thC jews harp

    15thC Shield of France Jetton

    15th C c/a belt decoration diamond shaped centre square punched
    Georgian flower button
    Military button - not checked ref books yet
    1526 - 44 Henry VIII hammered silver half groat, needs straightening to reveal exact type on obverse
    1697 William III milled silver sixpence love token - small crown type
    1697 William III milled silver shilling (12 pence) - small crown type

    1794 Colchester half penny(y)

    OBVERSE: A view of Colchester Castle to the edge of token. Ex: 1794. REVERSE: A weaving loom. SUCCESS TO THE BAY TRADE. EDGE: PAYABLE AT CHARLES HEATHS BAY MAKER COLCHESTER .X.

    1696 William III milled silver sixpence love token - small crown type

    1422-27 Henry VI hammered silver half groat - Annulet issue


    2 annulets by bust, annulet in 2 qtrs of reverse

    Calais mint

    1754 St Petersburg Russian bale seal - unknown reverse
    Copper alloy bird mount - one for the museum to date
    16thC seal matrix with flower design - very unusual type
    2ndC Roman bronze fibula brooch


    Lead fox head mount - no idea of date - one for the museum
    16thC sword belt loop
    Another interesting piece - 2nd of it's type found here this year, other one had a decorated front - it is like the pin out of a disc brooch but too fat - Roman hanger pendants are similar - one for the museum to look at
    1855 French copper 5 cents coin
    19thC Dragon livery button
    Medieval buckle
    Asymmetrical, flat mount with two integral pointed lugs
    Possible 1stC Celtic potin sent to CCI for ID and recording 14.17mm 1.65g

    16th/17thC Asymmetrical, flat mount with two integral pointed lugs.

    Sept 2007 finds page 1

    Sept 2007 finds page 2

    Oct2007 finds page 3